Inform the patient of the importance of remaining still during the procedure.
If a contrast medium is being used, verify that patient does not have shellfish allergy.
Describe your usual daily activities.
Do you find it difficult to perform your daily activities?
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
This procedure can be performed at the bedside or in an examination room.
Has this pain affected your social or professional life?Do you consume any dietary supplements like calcium or vitamin D?
Do you require frequent change of position while you are sleeping because of the pain?
Limited range of motion
Obtain health history
Explain to the patient that radioisotope is given 2 hours before the procedure.
Increase fluid intake after the examination.
Ball and socket joint of the shoulder or hip
Measure the length and circumference at the same points of opposite limb.
Measure the length of the extremity from the anterior superior iliac spine to the medial malleolus.
Hyperextension of the distal interphalangeal joint
A positive test indicates nerve root irritation from intervertebral disc prolapse and herniation.
The nerve root at the level of L4-5 or L5-S1 may be involved
The procedure will be performed under anesthesia.
A needle is inserted in the joint, it is distended with fluid or air, and the joint cavity is examined.
Presence of uric acid crystals
Rub your hands together before palpating.
Palpate from above to below (cephalopedal direction).
Do you use complementary and alternative therapies to help you sleep at night?
Do you experience any difficulty sleeping because of a musculoskeletal problem?
There may be some discomfort because of the needles.
It is useful in identifying any lower motor neuron dysfunction or primary muscle diseases.
Patient has renal disease and has been taking a potassium-depleting diuretic for a long time.
Patient has a seizure disorder and has been taking antiseizure medications for a long time.
Increase calcium-rich foods in the diet.
Include foods rich in vitamins C and D.
Increased abdominal pressure
Nausea and vomiting
Tightening of the buttocks
Leg raises in a supine position
Elevate the affected limb
Absence of the peripheral pulse
Pain unrelieved by opioids
It encircles the trunk and humerus.
It may be used after surgical repairs
2. Check for respiratory rate
3. Check for pulse rate.
4. Assess the neurovascular status of the right arm
Keep the hip in a neutral, straight position when sitting or lying.
Inform the dentist about the prosthesis before any dental work.
Apply ice on the fracture site during the first 24 hours.
Exercise joints above and below the cast.
Exercise fingers and toes.
Avoid walking on uneven surfaces.
Report severe headache to the surgeon.
Monitor peripheral neurologic signs.