Medical Terminology Mid Term

The coiled tubular structures arising from the dermis that excrete sweat are the:
sudoriferous glands
The outer layer of skin is called the:
epidermis
Melan/o/cytes in the stratum basale layer of the epidermis produce Melanin which is responsible for:
skin color
The layer of skin that is sometimes referred to as true skin is the:
dermis or cutis
The combining forms that mean “nail” are:
unguin/o- or onycho-
The combining forms cutane/o- (cutaneous), pel/o- (pellagra), -derm- (ep/iderm/is and dermat/itis) , and cut/i- (cut/icle) all mean:
skin
The term Nettles, Hives, or ______________ refers to a rash that may be characterized by wheals.
Urticaria “allergic reaction”
The compound diagnostic term “Dermato/myc/osis” actually means:
an extensive skin fungus condition, state of, or infection
The compound term “Sebo/aden/itis” literally means:
inflamed oil gland
The combining forms Hidr/o- and Sudero- both mean:
sweat
Dermato/plast/y literally means:
skin/surgical repair/process of
The suffix that means to view is:
-opsy “bi/o/psy”
The suffix that means berry shaped is:
-coccus
Pediculosis Corpus is often spread by:
Sharing fabrics and combs
The diagnostic term that means localization of pus is:
abscess “tissue goes away”
The diagnostic term Hidr/aden/itis means:
inflammation of sweat gland
The diagnostic term that means skin or tissue bruise is:
contusion
The term that means invasion into the skin and body hair by lice is:
pediculosis
The pre/cancerous skin condition that is characterized by horny and hard skin that was caused by excessive exposure to sunlight is:
actinic kerat/osis
The diagnostic term _____________ actually means tissue death or literally “an eating sore.” This condition is usually caused by clostridium perfringens and/or poor blood supply.
gangrene
The diagnostic term that actually means the process of scraping away the skin by a mechanical process or injury is:
ab/ras/ion
A malignant neoplasmic skin condition that spreads to organs & lymph nodes, which is commonly associated with AIDS, diabetes, and lymphoma is:
Kaposi’s Sarcoma
The medical term that means berry-shaped bacteria in twisted chains is:
strepto/coccus
The medical term Cicatrix literally means:
scar
The medical term Nevus means:
mole or birthmark
If a patient has a decubitus ulcer, he or she has a(n):
pressure bedsore
The medical term that means Wart is:
verruca
The medical term Pruritus means:
severe itching
The medical term that means small, solid skin elevation is:
papule
The medical term which refers to a yellow or orange-yellow tinge to the skin that results from damaged liver cells is:
jaundice
The diagnostic term Acne Vulgaris literally means:
pointed and common
The procedural term Dermatoplasty includes ___________ surgery.
face lifts
The diagnostic term Seb/orrhea Dermat/itis is also known as:
dandruff
The diagnostic term Geriatric Alopecia actually means:
“old age” baldness “fox mange”
The disease term Anthrax literally means:
coal or carbuncle “lesion”
The diagnostic term Cheil/itis literally means:
inflammation of the lip
The diagnostic term Curettage of a skin lesion literally means:
scooping
The diagnostic term Furuncle actually means ____________and is a staphylococcus infection of a hair follicle or hair gland:
boil
The diagnostic term Rubella (red) is also known as:
3 day measles
The diagnostic term Herpes literally means:
to creep
The diagnostic term Rubeola (AKA: German or 9 Day Measles) literally means:
red or redness
A diagnostic characteristic of oral Koplik Spots (next to the back Molars “grinders”) is associated with:
Rubeola – 9 day measles
The skin condition of Shingles is caused by the Herpes Zoster Virus. This virus also causes:
chickenpox
The disease Smallpox (AKA: as Variola Major or Minor) is caused by a highly contagious __________ and is characterized by prostration, a vesicular-pustular rash, and fever.
poxvirus
The diagnostic term Malignant Melanoma actually means:
a black tumor that is bad or cancerous
The diagnostic term Ichthy/osis actually means:
fish-like skin condition with scale-like tissue
The diagnostic term Hirsut/ism literally means:
the state of being hairy
The diagnostic term Squamous Cell Carcinoma actually means:
scaly crab-like cell tumors of the surface tissue “lungs and skin”
The diagnostic term Dehiscence actually means:
to gape open
The diagnostic term Helminth/iasis, Ascar/iasis and Vermicul/osis can refer to __________________ infections of the skin or the digestive system.
worm
The diagnostic term Onycho/myc/o/sis literally means:
nail/fungus/condition “infection”
The bacterial infection of the face that is referred to as ____________ is characterized by vesicles or sacs that rupture and form a golden crust.
Impetigo “means to attack”
The diagnostic term Dys/hidr/osis literally means:
condition of faulty sweating “skin sweat blisters”
The diagnostic term Scabies actually means:
itch mite saliva that causes severe itching
The diagnostic term Tinea Cruris (or crusis) actually means:
Jock Itch “scrotal, crural, anal, or genital fungus itch”
The diagnostic term for the fungal infection Candid/iasis literally means:
glowing white/condition
The diagnostic term __________refers to red skin caused by an increase in RBCs near the surface of the skin. This proliferative bone marrow condition can cause clots, strokes, heart attacks, vertigo, weakness, tinnitus, extremity pain, and an enlarged spleen cause by excess RBC breakdown.
Poly/cyth/emia Vera
The skin condition of Ringworm is actually caused by a:
fungus
The diagnostic term Cutaneous Ulcer literally means:
skin sore
The diagnostic term Thrush is usually a fungus infection of the:
throat or vagina
The diagnostic term Sclero/derma is actually an Auto-Immune reactionary dis/ease like:
Rheumatoid Arthritis
The diagnostic term Lyme is associated with a town in ________.
Connecticut
The diagnostic term Xero/derma literally means:
dry/skin
The diagnostic term Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is caused by a Rickettsial (small bacteria) organism that is carried by a:
tick
The diagnostic term __________ literally means “to itch” and this chronic skin condition causes red patches with dry, thick, silvery scales.
Psoriasis
A skin Lacer/ation literally means:
the process of tearing
Tinea Cruris is more commonly called:
jock itch
Helminth/ic Diseases can attack multiple body systems including the integumentary, digestive, and nervous systems. They are caused by Meta/zoa Parasitic Worms called:

all of the above

Tapeworms, Roundworms, Flukeworms

The term De/fec/ation literally means:
process of feces or stool away
Cimex lectularius is also known as:
bed bugs
The physiologic (function) term De/glutition literally means:
to swallow away or down
The terms Masticat/ion and Mand/ible actually mean:
process of chewing and chewer
The term Tinea Pedis actually means:
Athletes Foot
Skin blushing, _________, or redness is usually caused by an increase in blood flow, oxy/hemoglobin, fever, inflammation, trauma “wound”, and alcohol.
erythema
The skin color variation of Pall/or is actually a __________________, which usually accompanies blood loss, various types of anemia, or shock.
decrease in skin color
The skin color variation of ___________ represents an increase in tissue bili/rubin from RBC destruction or liver cell destruction (hepat/itis). This color is best seen in the sclera of the eye, body membranes, and skin.
yellow-orange “jaundiced”
The relative speed with which the skin resumes its normal appearance after being stretched or compressed is called__________. It represents the amount of water in the tissues or hydration. This process is slower in seniors.
turgor
Chloasma or melasma patches do NOT appear on which part of the face?
eyes
The myeloid tissue in cancellous bone is semi-liquid and produces most RBCs, WBCs, and Platelets is usually referred to as:
osteoclastic tissue
fatty yellow marrow “adult long bone medullary cavity”
osteoblastic tissue
bone marrow or red marrow
bone marrow or red marrow
The upper jawbone is called the:
maxilla
masseter
mandible
manubrium
maxilla
The first seven bones of the vertebral column (forming the neck) are the:
sacrum
cervical
lumbar
thoracic
cervical
The third set of 5 large vertebrae, which form the inward curve of the lower spine and are the spinal column’s major weight bearers, are called:
lumbar vertebrae
thoracic vertebrae
coccyx
sacrum
lumbar vertebrae
The wrist bones composed of 8 small bones in two rows are called the:
tarsals
metatarsals
carpus or carpals
metacarpals
carpus or carpals
The ankle bones are called the ________ bones:
tarsal “flat surface”
carpal
metacarpal
metatarsal
tarsal “flat surface”
The combining forms or terms that literally mean “rib” are:
cervic/o- and trachel/o-
ili/o- and ile/o-
cost/o and pleuro-
carp/o- and tars/o-
cost/o and pleuro-
The combining word form that refers to the “spine, vertebral column, and/or vertebra” is:
radi/o-
skelet/o-
“rachi/o- and “spondyl/o-”
rect/o-
“rachi/o- and “spondyl/o-“
The term that means cartilage swelling or cartilage tumor is:
chondroma
tendoma
atheroma
customa
chondroma
The diagnostic term that literally means inflamed joint is:
aponeur/itis
tendin/itis
burs/itis
arthr/itis
arthr/itis
The medical term Burs/itis literally means:
cartilage inflamed
meniscus inflamed
wine sac or sac inflamed
tendon inflamed
wine sac or sac inflamed
The term Ankylosis literally means:
developing cell/state of
“crooked, stiff, bent/condition; bones pathologically fused together
movement, motion/illness
bone marrow/disease
“crooked, stiff, bent/condition; bones pathologically fused together
The combining form of a term that means “hump or hunchback” is ________, and the medical condition of __________ is the backward bending of the thoracic (chest vertebrae) spine.
kypho- – kyph/o/sis
scolio- – scoliosis
kinesio- – kinesiology
lordo- – lordosis
kypho- – kyph/o/sis
The diagnostic term Genu Varum ( knees are in the varus position) means:
Knees are bent inward (knock-knee)
hammer toe
claw foot
Knees are bent outward (bow-legged)
Knees are bent outward (bow-legged)
The combining form __________ means bone marrow or spinal cord.
meio- “meiosis”
myco- “mycosis”
myelo- “osteomyelitis or myelogram”
myo- “myositis”
myelo- “osteomyelitis or myelogram”
The combining forms that mean “movement or motion” are:
kinesio- and -praxia
kypho- and lordo-
uro- and steno-
scolio- and cervico-
kinesio- and -praxia
The combining forms that mean “stone” are:
pyelo- and petro-
petro- and litho-
litho- and cysto-
laparo- and abdomino-
petro- and litho-
The combining form scolio- means:
crooked and curved – lateral or side curve (to bend) of vertebrae, along with rotation
hooked
sway-back
hunch-back
crooked and curved – lateral or side curve (to bend) of vertebrae, along with rotation
An ankle sprain is often characterized by ________:
hemorrhaging
weakness
hematoma formation, with ligaments that are stretched, or partially or fully torn
numbness
hematoma formation, with ligaments that are stretched, or partially or fully torn
The diagnostic term Ankylos/ing Spondyl/itis refers to the auto-immune condition of Rheumatoid Arthritis and actually means:
an addition to the body of a vertebrae
a fissure of the skull
a stone in the bursa
the abnormal condition of stiffness and fusion of vertebrae
the abnormal condition of stiffness and fusion of vertebrae
The diagnostic terms My/asthenia and Neur/asthenia mean:
Compact bone
muscle weakness and nerve weakness
bone marrow
periosteum
muscle weakness and nerve weakness
The diagnostic term that means pain in the tendon is:
tenalgia or tenodynia
tendinodynia
tendinoalgia
tendenostenosis
tenalgia or tenodynia
The diagnostic term that means abnormal build up of calcium on the kneecap (patella) surface is:
dys/chrondro/plasia
ankyl/osis
calcin/osis
omoburs/itis
calcin/osis
The diagnostic term Avulsion means:
cancerous tumor of the organs
tearing lose of a body part like a bone chip or ligament
inflammation of the bone
congenital fissure of the vertebral column
tearing lose of a body part like a bone chip or ligament
The diagnostic term for a disease that causes excessive amounts of uric acid crystals in the blood to be deposited in joint (elbow or toe) is:
gout
bunion
myasthenia gravis
exostosis
gout
The diagnostic term Herniated Disc means:
broken bone and abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone
ruptured or protruding inter/vertebral disk cartilage
broken bone
abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone
ruptured or protruding inter/vertebral disk cartilage
The diagnostic term that means abnormal loss of bone density or increased bone poros/ity is:
osteo/petr/o/sis
fracture
osteo/por/o/sis
gout
osteo/por/o/sis
The surgical terms Lamin/ectomy and Rachi/o/tomy actually mean:
surgical fixation of a joint
incision of the tendon
suture of a muscle
excision of posterior vertebral arch and cutting the vertebral column
excision of posterior vertebral arch and cutting the vertebral column
The surgical term Arthr/o/desis means:
surgical breaking of joint
excision of a carpal joint
incision of a bone
surgical fixation or binding of a joint
surgical fixation or binding of a joint
An instrument used to cut bone is called a(n):
osteo/tom/e
arthro/tom/e
arthro/clast/y
osteo/arthro/tom/e
osteo/tom/e
The surgical term for the repair of cartilage is called:
oste/o/tomy
burs/o/tomy
anthr/o/clasia
chondr/o/plasty
chondr/o/plasty
The term Chiro/pract/or literally means:
one who cuts
one who sutures
one who works by hand
one who practices by hand
one who practices by hand
The surgical term that means fusing together of the spine (vertebrae) is:
tenomy/o/plasty
lamin/ectomy
aponeur/o/rrhaphy
spondyl/o/syn/desis
spondyl/o/syn/desis
The surgical term Phalang/ectomy means:
excision of a finger or toe bone – digit
excision of the patella
surgical repair of the tendon and muscle
excision of the meniscus
excision of a finger or toe bone – digit
The surgical term that means “incision into the skull to drain fluid” is:
crani/o/tomy
cranio/centesis
cephal/o/sis
crani/ostomy
cranio/centesis
The surgical term that actually means “surgically breaking joint apart” is:
osteoclasia
arthroclasia
synovectomy
arthrotomy
arthroclasia
CTS is an abbreviation for ___________ Syn/drome (sign and symptom complex).
Marfan’s
Charcot’s
Carpal Tunnel
Lupus Erythematosus
Carpal Tunnel
The term Dys/chrondro/plas/ia literally refers to:
difficult joint formation
faulty cartilage formation
unusual bone shaping
without cartilage development
faulty cartilage formation
The term for X-ray film (recording) of a joint is:
electroarthro/graph
arthro/gram
arthro/scopy
arthro/graphy
arthro/gram
The procedural term that means visual examination inside a joint is:
arthro/gram
arthroscop/y
arthograph/y
arthro/centesis
arthroscop/y
The medical term “Gangli/ec/tom/y” means:
process of cutting into a flap
process of cutting into a valve
process of cutting into a ball
procedure of cutting out a knot
procedure of cutting out a knot
A physician who uses techniques and treatments common to Medical Doctors and Chiropractic Physicians is a(n):
Physical Therap/ist
Pod/iatr/ist
Oste/o/path
Ortho/paed/ist or Ortho/ped/ist
Oste/o/path
The medical term for a specialist who treats and diagnoses foot disease and disorders such as corns, bunions, claw foot, ingrown toenails, and par/onych/itis is a(n):
Ortho/ped/ist
Chiro/pract/or
Pod/iatr/ist
Chiro/pod/ist
Pod/iatr/ist
The healing specialty that emphasizes a system of therapy based on the manipulation of the vertebral column and other bones of the body by hand is:
Spondylist
Chiropractic
Chiropodist
Orthopedist
Chiropractic
The medical term that means an artificial substitute or addition replacing a missing body part (teeth, feet, hearing aid, eye lens) is:
ortho/paed/ics
ortho/tics
chiro/pedon/ics
prosth/esis
prosth/esis
The diagnostic term Spondylo/listh/esis literally and actually means:
vertebrae/slippage/condition
state of swelling
condition of slippage
state of disease
vertebrae/slippage/condition
The diagnostic term Ankylosing Spondylitis means:
fusing/process vertebrae/inflamed
inflamed bones that rupture
bone elongation
bone destruction caused by a disease
fusing/process vertebrae/inflamed
The diagnostic term Rheumat/oid Arthr/itis means:
pain flowing through joint
condition of joint swelling
auto-immune disease often with cartilaginous hyper/troph/y
state of joint inflammation
auto-immune disease often with cartilaginous hyper/troph/y
The diagnostic term Osteoarthritis means:
bilateral joint inflammation
inflammation of bone with ligament swelling
inflamed bone and cartilage causing swelling
inflammation of a bone joint causing bone hypertrophy
inflammation of a bone joint causing bone hypertrophy
The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means:
inflamed heel bursa
bursa hypotrophy
inflamed foot wart
inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
The diagnostic term Rotator Cuff Avulsion actually means:
bone chip in the upper arm
rupture of the scapula
tearing of shoulder joint’s soft tissues, ligaments, and deep tendons (rotator cuff muscles)
shoulder ligament compression
tearing of shoulder joint’s soft tissues, ligaments, and deep tendons (rotator cuff muscles)
The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means:
inflamed heel bursa
bursa hypotrophy
inflamed foot wart
inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
The diagnostic term Pre/patellar Burs/itis means:
inflamed knee tendon
inflamed knee ligament
inflamed quadriceps tendon
inflamed bursa below the knee
inflamed bursa below the knee
The diagnostic term Osteosarcoma means:
swelling of bone and bone marrow
swelling of bone marrow
bone inflammation
bone tumors that causes hard tissue to become soft and fleshy
bone tumors that causes hard tissue to become soft and fleshy
The diagnostic term Hip Disarticulation (HD) also means:
A surgical amputation through the joint capsule of the hip joint
coxa rupture
ruptured hip joint
pelvic joint fusion
A surgical amputation through the joint capsule of the hip joint
The diagnostic term Sub/luxation actually means:
partial joint dislocation – less than complete dislocation
vertebrae rupture
joint compression
joint fusion
partial joint dislocation – less than complete dislocation
An Osteopathic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation ____ and a Chiropractic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation _______.
OD and CP
OD and CD
DO and DC
OD and DCP
DO and DC
The diagnostic term Hammer Toe means:
the toe or toes of the foot are bent over or down – like a hammer
the toes are crossed
the toes are bent up
the toes are spread apart
the toe or toes of the foot are bent over or down – like a hammer
The term Examination means:
the procedure of running tests
the process or procedure of inspection
the procedure of asking questions
the process of touching
the process or procedure of inspection
A Optometric Physician uses the Medical Abbreviation:
OD
DOP
OP
DO
OD
The term Anthropo/metr/ic means:
pertains to the length of digits
refers to the measurement of humans
refers to the size of body parts
pertains to the measurement of joints
refers to the measurement of humans
A bone process or eye membrane disease term that means resembling a wing is ________:
pteryg/oid
trapez/oid
scapula/oid
sphen/oid
pteryg/oid
Muscle terms for belly or abdomen are:
abdominus or laparal
minimus or microid
iliacus
teres or iliacus
abdominus or laparal
A muscle directional term for middle or toward the middle is:
maximo- and longo-
megalo- or macro-
medi- or meso- “medium, medial, mesomorph”
mega- or gusto-
medi- or meso- “medium, medial, mesomorph”
A procedure of making a record of muscle activity is called:
electro/myo/lith/o/tom/y
electro/myo/graph/y
electro/myo/gram
electro/myo/graph
electro/myo/graph/y
The condition resulting in spasms of the nerves and muscles due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood is:
goiter
tetany
acidosis
myxedema
tetany
The diagnostic term Anterior Polio/myel/itis means an:
inflammation of the brain
inflammation of the meninges
inflammation (viral based attack) of the frontal gray horn of the spinal cord; or anterior horn cells, or ventral horn cells
inflammation of the front gray horn of the spinal cord
inflammation of the front gray horn of the spinal cord
The diagnostic term My/asthenia Gravis actually means:
heavy because of muscle weakness
muscle strength
muscle tone hard
muscle feeling great
heavy because of muscle weakness
The diagnostic term Syn/dactylia means:
fingers connected together
heavy digits
bad fingers and toes
large hands, fingers, and toes
fingers connected together
The diagnostic term Muscular Dys/trophy means:
muscle cramping
muscles that have faulty development; and wasting away of the muscles that did develop properly
muscle enlargement
muscle deformity
muscles that have faulty development; and wasting away of the muscles that did develop properly
The muscle or body term trauma means:
wound
therapy
bleeding
collapse
wound
The muscle term ad/duct/or literally means:
one who/draws/toward “medially”
to flex/up
to bend/down
to turn/out
one who/draws/toward “medially”
The diagnostic term Pes Planus means:
bent toes
high arch
flat foot
clubbed foot
flat foot
The muscle term supinator means:
to the middle
turns upward – one who
down or downward
to the side
turns upward – one who
The muscle term sphincter means:
that which bind together
that which lengthens
that which shortens
that which tightens
that which bind together
The machine that records muscle activity is called the:
electromyo/grapher
electromyo/graph
electromyo/graphy
electromyo/gram
electromyo/graph
The literal meaning of the diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is:
a condition that causes poor blood circulation to the heart muscle
heart/muscle/disease/condition
poor blood flow/trauma
circulation/problems
heart/muscle/disease/condition
The process of forming urine begins in the:
glomeruli capsule “part of nephron”
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder are the:
ureters “small canals”
The muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine is the:
urinary bladder “vesic/o- or cysto-“
The organ whose functions are to remove waste products from the blood and aid in maintaining water and acid base balance in the body is the:
kidney
The root word nephr/o- in its combining form means:
kidney
The prefix dia- literally and actually means:
across, through, complete, or total
The suffix that means nourishment or development is:
-trophy
The suffix that means drooping, sagging or prolapsed (kidney) is:
-ptosis “nephro/ptosis”
The suffix that means the loosening, dissolution, breakdown, or separation of (fluids or tissue) is:
-lysis “hemo/lysis”
The diagnostic term Nephro/dexto/ptosis actually means:
drooping kidney to the right
The diagnostic term Ur/emia means:
condition of urine in the blood
The diagnostic term that means inflamed kidney and renal pelvis:
pyelonephritis
The diagnostic term that means kidney tumor or swelling:
nephroma
The diagnostic term for a congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis is:
epispadias
The surgical term Lithotripsy means:
surgical crushing of a stone
The surgical term that means surgical fixation or repositioning of the kidney is:
nephr/o/pexy
A ureterostomy (or urostomy for short): ______________.

is a surgically created opening in the ureter

redirects the ureter to the outside of the body

bypasses the bladder

All of the above <——-

The diagnostic term ‘cystoscopy’ literally means:
procedure to view and examine the bladder “urine sac”
The diagnostic term “Polycystic Kidney Disease – PKD” refers to the kidney having multiple ____________ causing renal (refers to kidney) failure.
sacs or blister appearing in and on the kidney
The diagnostic term “Stag Horn Calculus” refers to _________.
deer antler shape – kidney stone
The diagnostic term “In-continence” literally means _________ and is seen with the lack of control of the bladder or the rectum.
not contained
The test that measures the amount of urea in the blood is called the:
BUN Test “Blood Urea Nitrogen Test”
A person with Hyper/dipsia has:
excessive thirst
The procedural technique in which X-rays are taken to show an organ or tissue at a particular depth is called:
Tomo/graphy
A Pyelo/gram is an X-ray of:
the renal pelvis
A wide surgical incision of the abdomen to detect disease is called a(n):
staging laparotomy
The procedural term Nephro/graph/y actually means:
process of X-ray filming the kidney
The term Cysto/scop/y means:
procedural visual examination of the bladder “procedure-exact steps”
The medical term that means Scanty or Slight Urination is:
olig/uria
The medical term Py/uria means:
pus in the urine
The medical term hemat/uria means:
blood in the urine – inflection or hemorrhaging
The medical term glycos/uria means:
sugar in the urine – diabetes
The medical term that means destruction of living tissue with an electric spark is also known as (AKA):
fulguration
The medical term for a procedure (literally means-to let down into) that uses a flexible tube-like device to withdraw or instill fluids is:
catheterization
The term Di/uretic literally means double urine and actually means:
agent that increases the amount of urine
The term Enuresis actually means:
bedwetting or involuntary urination
The medical term Mictur/ition actually and literally means:
the process of urinating or voiding urine
The diagnostic term Hydro/nephr/o/sis actually means:
condition of water “actually urine 95% H2O” backing up into kidney
The diagnostic term Pyelo/nephr/itis literally means:
an inflammation of the kidney and kidney pelvis
The largest region of the brain is the
Cerebrum
The term “psychology” literally means:
The process or procedure of the science or study of the mind
The area of the brain responsible for respiration, heart rate, and smooth muscle control of our blood vessels is the:
Medulla oblongata
The structure that conducts nerve impulses to and from the brain and serves as a reflex center for some sensory information without input from the brain is the:
Spinal Cord
The three layered membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord and literally means membrane is called the
Meninges
The cord-like (string-like structures that carry bio-electrical impulses from one part of the body to another are called _____.
nerves
A group of nerve cell bodies that are found outside of the spinal cord and brain are referred to as:
Ganglion or ganglia (pl.) “literal meaning knot”
The term that means spinal cord inflammation is:
myel/itis
The combining form en/cephal/o- actually means:
Brain “literally means within head”
The combining form phren/o- means:
Mind or diaphragm “phren/ology and phoenix nerve”
The combining form that means “physical sensation, sensitivity, or feeling” is:
esthesi/o-
The combining form phase/o- means
speech
The combining form mint/0- means
Mind “ment/al”
The prefixes hemi- and semi- means
half
The prefixes Quadra- and tetra- means ________ and terato- means ________.
Four and monster
iatro/genic means
Physician caused
The suffix- paresis means
Partial paralysis “paraparesis means slight or near paralysis”
The diagnostic term for inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord is:
Polio/myel/it is “anterior part of spinal cord horn”
The endocrine system and the nervous systems are referred to as:
Master body systems
The diagnostic terms near/itis and near/alia mean:
Inflamed nerves and pain in the nerves
The diagnostic term en/cephal/itis actually means:
inflammation of the brain
The diagnostic term that means tumor made up of nerve cells is:
Near/oma
The diagnostic term that means softening of the brain is:
En/cephalo/malac/ia
The diagnostic term cerebr/al thromb/o/sis means
Condition of a blood clot in the brain “cerebrum”
The diagnostic term near/Athenian means
Nerve weakness
The diagnostic term for a disease characterized by early senility, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, and restlessness is:
Alzheimer’s disease
The diagnostic term for a viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes the skin to blister along the course of the nerve is:
Shingles- herpes virus that cause chickenpox “herpes zoster”
The interruption of blood supply to the brain caused by a cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, or cerebral hemorrhage is called:
cerebro/ vascular accident, apoplexy, or stroke
The diagnostic term that means deficient supply of blood to the brain forashort time is called a(n):
Transient ischemic attack “TIA”
The diagnostic term for an emotional disorder characterized by the use of ineffective skills for coping with anxiety or inner conflict is:
Neurosis “no loss of reality”
The term _______ is seen in children before 18 y/o. it follows a viral infection (influenza B) and causes encephalo/pathy and fatty organs. It was recognized in 1963 by Dr. R. Reyes, an Australian pathologist.
Reyes’s syndrome
The diagnostic term for a condition caused by an increased amount of cerebral spinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain is:
hydrocephalus
The diagnostic term for a condition characterized by brain damage and lack of muscle control and partial paralysis is:
Cerebral palsy “CP”
The procedural term Echo/encephalo/graphy actually means:
Procedure of recording brain structures by use of sound
As instrument used to record the electrical impulses of the brain is called an:
electro/encephalo/graph
The diagnostic term for a process that includes the use of a computer to produce a series of images of the tissues of the brain at any desired depth is:
CAT scan “computerized axial tomography”
The medical term Encephalo/angio/scler/o/sis means:
Condition of hardening of the brains blood vessels
The medical term that means without feeling or without sensation is:
An/esthesia
The medical term that means the same as Quadra/plegia is
Tetra/plegia “4 limbs paralyzed”
The medical term dyes/phasia means:
Difficulty in speaking
The medical term psych/o/log/ist means
Specialist in the science and study of the mind
The medical term that means mental disease is
phrenopathy
The medical term cephalo/dynia means:
Pain in the head
The medical term that means total paralysis is
Pan/plegia
The medical term Quadra/plegia means:
Paralysis of all four limbs
The medical term coma means:
Sleep like
The medical term shunt means
Tube implanted in the body to redirect the flow of a fluid
The medical term ataxia means:
Lack of gross motor balance/coordination
The medical term that means feeling “faint” is
synocope
The medical abbreviations CNS, PNS, and ANS refers to divisions of the:
Nervous system
The cranial nerves are string-like groups of nerves coming off of the
Brain and brain stem
The medical term psych/iatr/y literally means
The procedure or treating occurring the mind
The term psychology/its literally means
Is a specialist in the science and study of the mind
The medical term alzheimer’s or pick’s disease refers to:
Pre- senile demtia
The medical term that means Lou Gerhig’sdisease is also known as:
A/mayo/throphic lateral sclerosis “ALS”
The medical term cerebral contusion means:
The process of bruising the brain
The medical term concussion means
To shake violently “causing brain bleeding”
The diagnostic medical term down syndrome refers to:
A genetic defect causing multiple defects seen with degrees of mental retardation
The medical term Hemet/oma means:
Blood swelling or tumor
The medical term epic/lepsy means:
Seizure upon the mind and body
The medical term opistho/tonos (backward bending tone) means:
Tension that bends back and head backward “tetanus”
The medical term septic/emia means:
Poison in the blood “usually bacterial poison or waste”
The medical term Nero/fibromat/osis is characterized by:
Multiple fiber-like nerve tumors “elephant man disease”
The medical term chalazion cyst (AKA: steatoma, meibomian cyst) is referred to as a sebaceous cyst of the eyelids. It is the extension of the meibomian gland with its oily secretions. The term literally means:
Hailstone sac “of eyelid”
The term con/junctive/it is literally means together/joined/inflamed. It actually means:
Inflammation of the membrane that covers the eyeball and the eyelid
The medical term dacryo/cyst/itis means
Inflammation of the tear sac
The medical term glauc/oma actually means:
Waterfall, cloudy, or gray vision (“caused by an increase in intraocular pressure”)
The medical term karat/itis actually means:
Inflammation of the eyes cornea
The medical term opto/metr/ist literally means
Specialist in measuring sight
miotic eye drops cause the eye pupil to:
constrict
The E Eye Chart is used to measure
Visual acuity
The medical term myopic (adj.) literally means __________ and actually means ________.
Nearsightedness or shortsighted “see clear close up”
The medical term tetanus (24 different types) usually refers to:
Muscle spasms of body caused by bacteria clostridium tetani toxins
The optic (sight) oculomotor (eye movement), trochlear (pulley-like), and abductees (to draw away) nerves all innervate the eye in some way. These are referred to as cranial nerves _________ (OOOTTAFAGVAH)
2,3,4, AND 6
The medical term bell’s palsy is also known as:
Facial paralysis or palsy
The medical term cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by:
Brain damage around the time of birth; CP is manifested by abnormal muscle tone, movements, and coordination (dyskinesias)
The medical term PAra/noia literally means “min/beyoundor beside” or refers to a behavior that is out of touch with reality or:
Refers to abnormal thinking or reasoning”psy
The termschizo/phrenia (split/mind-with delusions, persecution, hallucinations, jealousy, and/or catatonia “stupor’) actually refers to a type of psych/oasis (loss of reality) that is also characterized by:
Thought deterioration and lack of social functioning before 45 y/o
The diagnostic medical term multiple sclerosis (MS) refers to:
Deterioration or loss of the myelin sheath nerve body covering “paralysis
Parkinson’s disease causes body tremors (shaking), weak speech, shuffling of feet, and depression. Other patients may experience
Muscle and body ” voice loss, sphincter problems, with falls and paralysis”
The body term cerulean is also known as:
Ear wax “from modified ear sebaceous or oil glands”
The medical term myring/itis (typan/it is: drum/inflamed) actually means:
Inflammation of the eardrum
Aural Artesia refers to:
Closure of the outer auditory or hearing canal
The medical term Retina/itis pigmentosa can be called:
Animal tracks “retina or net is inflamed causing marks – blindness”
The medical terms Palpebr/itis and Blepharo/ptosis refers to:
eyelid inflammation and eyelid drooping
The medical term Tracy/oma refers to a Chlamydial (to cloak) infection causing:
Rough swollen eye lesions “afflicting & blinding 400 million per year
The outer hard layer of the eye (white of eye) is the:
sclera
The eye structure that lies directly behind the pupil and iris is the:
lens
The tear glands that lubricate and protect the eye are called:
lacrimal glands “dacyro- or lacrimo- mean tear”
The inner layer of the eye with the vision receptors is the:
Retina “net”
The small organs that produce and drain tears from the eye are the:
Lacrimal glands and ducts
The mucous membrane lining the inner eyelids & globe eyeball is the:
conjunctive
The nerve in the eye that carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain is the:
Optic nerve
The diagnostic term blephar/itis means
Inflammation of the eyelid
The diagnostic term photo/phobia means:
Abnormal aversion to or fear of light
The term for an abnormal condition of the eye caused by a fungus is:
oculo/myc/o/sis
The diagnostic term for abstraction of the eyelids sebaceous gland is:
chalazion “stye”
The diagnostic term cataract actually means:
Clouding of the lens of the eye “looks cloudy, waterfall, opacity”
The surgical term Radial Keratotomy actually means:
Producing spoke-like incisions to flatten the cornea
The diagnostic term “hyperopia” means:
farsightedness
An instrument that examines the interior of the eye is called a(n):
ophthalmo/scop/e
The medical term for a physician who specializes in ophthalmology is:
ophthalmologist
The medical term that actually means one who is skilled in filling prescriptions for lenses is:
optician
The medical term for a specialist who studies the diseases of the eye and is a medical doctor is:
ophthalmologist
The medical term opto/metr/ist literally means:
Specialist in the measurement of sight
The medical term visual acuity means
Sharpness of vision
The structure in the inner ear that contains balance receptors and endolymph is called the:
Semicircular canals
The mallets, incus, and shapes make up the bones of the middle ear called the:
ossicles “bones/little”
The combining forms scout/o- and audi/o- both mean:
Hearing “acoustics and audio”
The diagnostic term ot/itis internal can also be called:
labyrinthitis or inflamed inner ear
The medical term for a fungal infection of the ear is:
otomycosis
The diagnostic term ot/algia means:
Pain in the ear
The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by dizziness (vertigo) and ringing (tinnitus) in the ear is:
meniere’s disease
The diagnostic term for ringing in the ears is:
tinnitus
The diagnostic term for dizziness (turning round) is
vertigo
A delicate instrument used to test hearing acuteness is called a(n):
Audio/meter
The medical term that means a specialist who studies and treats the diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat is :
otorhinolaryngologist
The term that means on who studies and treats disease of the ear is:
otologist
A specialist who specializes in the study of hearing is an:
audiologist
A chiropractor specializes in the repositioning of bones with adjustments in order to relieve nerve and tissue pressure caused by bone ___________
subluxations
A physician that uses techniques and treatments similar to medical doctors and chiropractors is a(n):
osteopath
The lymphoid tissues located behind the nasal cavity are called
tonsils “small mass or almond”
Both food and air travel through the
mouth and pharynx or throat
The double-sac membrane that covers each lunch and lines the thoracic cavity is the
pleura
The surgical term for the puncture of the chest cavity in order to aspirate fluid is called
thoracocentesis
The medical term “hypoxemia” means
deficient oxygen in the blood
The area in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged is called the
alveolus or cavity (alveolar sacs)
Pulmonary Endoscopy is best used to ______ diseases of the respiratory system.
view and diagnose
The term orthodontist literally means
straight/teeth/specialist
The term Eupnea actually means
well, easy, true normal, or good breathing
The term Dysphasia means difficult or faulty
speech or utterance
The term Tracheostomy actually means
creation of an artificial mouth-like opening in the throat and neck
The suffix _____ is added to word part Pneumono -____ to refer to the surgical procedure of puncturing the lunch and aspirating fluid like blood, pus, and lymph.
centesis
The diagnostic term for pus in the pleural space in the chest is
pyothorax
The diagnostic term for narrowing or contraction of the larynx or voice box is
laryngospasm or laryngo/stenosis
A patient with diagnosis of blood in the chest has a
hemothorax
The condition where the bronchi of the lungs are dilated outward is
bronchiectasis
When lung tissue swells as a result of distention and loss of elasticity in the alveoloi, the condition is called
emphysema “puffed up”
The diagnostic abbreviation for an infection of the nose, pharynx, larynx, and trachea is
upper respiratory infection “URI”
The diagnostic term that is also referred to as whooping cough is
pertussis “through/cough”
The diagnostic term for a chronic respiratory disease characterized by paroxysm of coughing, wheezing, panting with shortness of breath is
asthma “to pant”
Pigeon Breeders chest is different from Pigeon Chest in that the first condition is inherited or caused by Rickets “lack of Vitamin A and D), but the latter condition is caused by a _____ etiologic agent.
FUNGAL
A term that refers to food inhalation that blocks the airway
aspiration “process of/without/breath”
The term that means difficulty in speaking or making a sound is
dysphasic or dysphonic
Lobar Pneumonia refers to a lung infection in
one or more of the 5 lobes in the 2 lungs
The medical term Hypopnea actually means
deficient rate and depth of breathing
The medical term that means containing both mucus and pus is
muco/purulent
The medical term Nebulizer is defined as
a device “one who” creates a fine spray or mist
The medical term Chorditis or Corditis actually means
inflammation of the vocal chords
The medical term Emphysema literally means
puffed up
The medical term Asthma literally means
panting
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited exocrine gland disorder that causes thick secretions of ________ to accumulation in the lungs.
MUCUS AND PUS FROM RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS
The medical term Diptheria literally means
membrane/refers
The medical term Pertussis actually refers to
whooping cough and the bacteria Bordetella pertussis
The disease of Histoplasmosis or Darlings Disease is a _______ infection caused by Histoplasma acapsulatum.
FUNGUS OR FUNGUS SPORE
TB infects approximately _____ of the world’s 6 billion people
2 billion
The Schick Skin Test is used to detect _______, which is caused by the bacteria Corynbacterium diphtheriae.
DIPHTHERIA
The Mantoux Skin Test is used to diagnose
Tuberculosis “Myobacterium tuberculosis rod-shaped bacteria”
Anthrax infections (Bacillus anthracis bacteria) are classified as infecting the
all of the above.
Bronchitis often progresses to a more severe lung condition called _______, which was the leading world killer around 1900 A.D.
PNEUMONIA
The Etiologic Agent (E.A.) or causative agent that is responsible for Anthrax is
Bacillus anthracis
An Upper Respiratory Infection is referred to with the Abbreviation
URI
Spirometry means to measure the breath and is used to evaluate
Lung Capacity
The term Dyslexia literally means difficult or faulty
words “reading and writing”
The term Dysphonia actually means difficult or faulty
sound of voice “hoarseness”
The disease of Cryptococcosis is a ______________ that can infect the lungs, skin, brain (CNS), bones, and urinary tract causing death.
YEAST-LIKE BUDDING FUNGUS “NO SPORES”
Prognosis is poor like most systemic fungal infections. It is treated with
fungi/cidal drugs
The condition referred to as _______ is an acute viral infection that is usually seen in infants before 3 years of age.
CROUP
Pneumonia can be caused by
all of the above
Emphysema causes shortness of breath and a
Barreled Chest Look “Advanced Stages”
The incubation period is brief from _____
1 TO 3 DAYS.
Kerat/o/sis, Leuk/o/plakia, Tartar, Caries, Purpura, Fibr/oma, Ulcers, Hare Lip, Gingiv/itis, Tonsill/itis, Adenoid/itis, Squamous Cell Carcin/oma, Catarrh (Coryza), Cleft Palate, Thrush, and Candid/i/asis are all conditions that are usually diagnosed with a(n) _________ exam by a Dentist or Medical Doctor
ORAL OR ORO/PHARYNGEAL
2nd portion (5′ long) of small intestine that means to empty is the ______
jejunum
organ that produces bile
liver
The lining of the structures in the abdominal and pelvic cavities
peritoneum “that which holds the lower organs”
the ring of muscles found in opening between stomach and duodenum
pyloric sphincter “gate keeper: that which binds together”
the tube that extends from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach and means gullet
eso/phagus “toward/eater”
the combining forms os-, or/o-, and stomato- all mean:
mouth
the combining form that means “small intestines” is:
enter/o “usually refers to small intestine: Colo- big intestine”
“rectum (straight) and anus (ring)”
proct/o-
small growth
polyp/o- “footed growth”
inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon
gastroenterocolitis
abnormal condition of having diverticula (out-pouchings) in the colon
deverticul/o/sis
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
chole/lith/iasis
condition of gallstones
prolapse of the rectum
procto/ptosis
gastp/enter/itis
inflammation of the stomach and intestinal track. also, the surgical opening is referred to as an iliostomy; and the incision is referred to as an iliotomy.
chronic inflammation of the small and/or large intestines, characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and the formation of scar tissue
Crohn’s Disease
abnormal growing together of two surfaces normally separted
adhesion
ulcerative colitis
inflammation of the colon with sores
psychoneurotic disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat
anorexia nervosa
chronic disease of the liver characterized by the gradual destruction of liver cells
cirrhosis “yellow orange color produced”
crushing a stone in the common bile duct
choledocholith/otripsy
cheil/orrhapy
suture of the lips
incision into the abdominal wall
lapar/otomy
suture of the tongue
glossorrhaphy
X-ray filming of the gallbladder
chole/cysto/graphy
visual examination of the rectum
proctoscopy
Endoscopic Gastroscop/e
instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
visual examination within a hollow organ
endoscopy
Proctoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
a barium enema with X-rays
lower GI series
a series of X-ray films taken of the stomach & duodenum after barium has been swallowed
Upper GI Series
Brady/pepsia
slow digestion
Dysphagia
difficult swallowing or eating
a/pepsia
without digestion
physician who specializes in proctology
proctologist
gastro/dynia
pain in the stomach
Peritoneal
one who holds lower viscera “largest serous membrane in the body”
abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
ascites
washing out the stomach
gastric lavage
Di/gest/ion
the process of /two/ separations
physi/ology (science of function or nature) term Peristalsis means:
to contract/ around
anatomical term Incis/or means:
one who cuts in
Stomat/itis
inflammation of the mouth
Pyloric Stenosis
condition of narrowing the gate keeper
Gastric Rugae
stomach folds
Peptic Ulcer
digestive : sore
Hepatitis A, B, C are caused by a _____
virus
Hepatitis A also known as____
Infectious Hepatitis
Hepatitis B also known as ______
Serum Hepatitis
Hepatitis “_____” may be dormant in the body for years before the Signs and Symptoms appear
C
Dental Caries
refers to tooth cavities
dento- and donto-
tooth
Gastroesophageal Relux Disease
heart burn “GERD”
Reflux
to flow again “usualy backward”
Tartar
plaque “hardened carbonates, phosphates, and organic matter”
Coloscopy refers to viewing and examing the __________
Large intestine
Colo/scop/e
instrument to view the big or large intestine
Colo/scop/y
procedure of viewing and examining the large intestine
Diverticulosis
condition of out pouching in the colons rugae or fold
Bolus
ball or lump
Chyme
juice
inflammatory characteristics seen during a Upper GI Examination include:
rubor, tumor, calor, and dolor “red, swelling, heat, pain”
Gastrointestinal System (Mouth to Anus)
GI
Enema
to inject
Dys/phag/ia
refers to difficult or faulty swallowing
Dys/phonia
refers to faulty speaking or speech – hoarseness
Bulem/ia
refers to/ hungry
Anorexia Nervosa
without appetites: caused by a “nervous” condition
Hyper/cholesterol/emia is a blood condition with a cholesterol level above ________ mg per decl (milligrams/deciliter) in a 20 Y/O
230
Crohn’s Disease
chronic regional ileitis
A/phasia
without speech
Acute Appendicitis
sudden inflammation of the appendage attached to the cecum
Dys/entery
faulty, difficult, and painful intestines
colo- or colono- refers tot the Big intestine. The word part _______ can refer to the small intestine or both intestines.
entero-
alimentary (to nourish) canal is ~ __________ feet long in adults.
30
Abdominal Hernia
a rupture or protrustion through the abdominal wall
Alimentray
to nourish
Amebic (Amoeba) Dysentery
diarrhea and dehydration caused by the Amebic one cell organism
The physiological (function) importance of the digestive system is to :
break foods down into small ingredients to nourish the body cells
Beri/beri refers to ____________ and is caused by the lack of Thiamine (part of B Complex: B-1) in the diet
body weakness “weakness/ weakness”
Pell/agra refers to __________ and is caused by the lack of Niacin or Niacinamide in the diet
skin/ rough
Scurvy literally means __________ and is lack of Vitamin C in the diet
Scratch
Fistula
pipe stem like tube or passageway
Atresia
closure of an opening – “anus, ear, vagina, eye, urethra, + “
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
painful intestines
Differential Diagnosis (D.D.)
determing the difference between 2 or more similar health problems
Hiatal Hernia
rupturing or protrusion of the stomach up through the diaphragm
Sphincter
to bind together (tighten)
Pyloric Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the lower end of the ____________ and can lead to regular vomiting in the infants
stomach
Volvulus refers to ___________ of the ileum or the colon
twisting
Typhus
stupor ” near coma or deep sleep”
A Cysto/scopic Exam refers to “looking at” the __________
urinary bladder inspection
Cholera is commonly referred to as _________. it can lead to dehydration, vomiting, muscle cramps, and death. It is caused by the bacteria Vibrio Cholerae
super diarrhea
coiled tubular structures arising from the dermis that excrete sweat are the
sudoriferous glands
outer layer of skin
epidermis
melan/o/cytes in the stratum basle layer of the epidermis produce melanin (black like migra) which is responsible for
skin color
the layer of skin that is referred to as true skin
dermis or cutis
the Cf that mean nail are
uguin/o- or onycho-
the CF cutane/o- pel/o- -derm- all meand
skin
nettles, hives, or — refers to a rash that may be characterized by wheals
urticaria- alergic reaction
dermato/myc.osis means
an extenshive skin fungus condition, state of, or infection
Coumpound term sebo/aden/itis literally means
inflamed oil gland
CF hidr/o-0 and sudero- both mean
sweat
Dermato/plast/y literally means:
skin/surgical repair/process of
rhytid/ec/tom/y literally means
procedure of cutting out wrinkles
suffix that means to view is
-opsy biopsy
suffix that means berry shaped is
coccus
Pediculosis Corpus is often spread by:
sharing fabrics and combs
chiggers are also referred to as –. these 6 legged mited are parasitic on insects, vertebrates and man where they secrete saliva that causes itching, wheals, and dermatitis
redbugs or red mites
the diagnostic term that means localization of pus is
abscess “tissue goes away”
hidr/aden/itis means
inflammation of a sweat gland
coiled tubular structures arising from the dermis that excrete sweat are the
sudoriferous glands
“nail”
ungiun/o- or onycho-
term that means skin or tissue bruise is
contusion
invasion into the skin and body hair by lice is
pediculosis
the pre/cancerous skin condition that is characterized by horny and hard skin that was caused by excessive exposure to sunlight is
actinic kerat/osis
the term — actually means tissue death or literally “an eating sore” condition caused by poor blood supply
gangrene
the diagnostic term that actually meand the process of scraping away the skin by a mechanical process or injury is
ab/ras/ion
a malignant neoplasmic skin condition that spreads to organs & lymph nodes, which is commonly associated with AIDS, diabetes, and lymphoma is
kaposi’s sarcoma
medical term that means berry-shaped bacteria in twisted chains is
strepto/coccus
cicatrix literally means
scar
nevus means
mole or birthmark
decubitus ulcer, he or she has
pressure bedsore
invasion into the skin and body hair by lice is
pediculosis
a malignany neoplasm skin condition that spreads to organs and lymph nodes commonly asss with aids, diabetes and lymphona is
kaposis sarcoma
wart
verruca
pruritus means
severe itching
small, solid skin elevation is
papule
yellow or orange-yellow tinge to the skin that results from damages liver cells is
jaundice
acne vulgaris literally means
pointed and common
dermatoplasty includes — surgery
face lifts, eyelid drooping and belly tucks
seb/orrhea dermat/itis is also known as
dandruff
geriatric alopecia means
old age baldness fox mange
anthrax literally means
coal or carbuncle lesion
cheil/itis literally means
inflammation of the lip
curettage of a skin lesion literally means
scooping
dt furuncle actually meand — and is a staphyloccous inflection of a hair follucle or hair gland
boil
rubella (red) is also known as
3 day measles
herpes literally means
to creep
rubeols aka german or 9 day measles literally means
red or redness
a diagnostic characteristic or oran koplik spots next to back molars “grinders” is ass with
9 day measles
skinc ondition of shingles is caused by the herpes zoster virus. this also causes
chickenpox
the disease smallpox variols major minor is caused by a high contagious — and is chara by prostration, a vesicular pustular rash, and fever. eradicted except for biological wepons
poxvirus
malignant melanoma actually means
a black tumor that is bad or cancerous
ichthy/osis actually means
fish like skin with scale like tissue
hirsut/ism literally means
the state of being hairy
squamosis cell carcinoma actually means
scaly crab-like tumors of the surface tissue “lungs and skin”
dehiscence actually mean
to gape open
helminth/iasis, ascar/iasis and vermicul/osis can refer to — infections of the skin or th edigestive system
worm
onycho/myc/osis literally means
nail/fungus/condition/ “infection”
bacterical infection of the face that is referred to as — is characterized by vesicles or sacs that rupture and form a golden crust
impetigo means to attack
term dys/hidr/osis literally means
condition of faulty sweating “skin sweat blisters”
scabies actually means
itch mite saliva that causes severe itching
tinea cruris or crusis actually means
jock itch “scrotal, crual,anal, or genital fungus itch”
candid/iasis literally means
glowing white/condition
re skin caused by an increase in RBC near the surface of skin. poliferative bone marrow condition can cause clots, strokes, heart attacks,, veritgo, weakness, tinnitus, extremely pain, and enlarged spleen
polu/cyth/emia
skin condition of ringwork is actually caused by a
fungus
cutaneous ulcer literally means
skin sore
thrush is usually a fingus infection of the
throat or vagina
sclero/derma is actually an auto-immune reactionary disease like:
rheumatoid arthritis
lyme is ass w a town in — where this deer tick borne sprochete bacteria first apperared in man
connecticut
xero/derm literally means
dry/skin
tocky moutain spotted fever is cause by rickettsial carried by a
tick
term — literallly means “to itch” and this chronic skin condition causes red patches with dry, thick, slivery scales
psoriasis
a skin lacer/ation literally means
process of tearing
kelminth/iasis (worm disease) and TB are the 2 elading caused of killers in under-developed countires licated in
SA, africa, southeast asia
Tinea Cruris is more commonly called:
Jock itch
helminth/ic diseases can attach miltiple body systems inclusing the integmentary, digestive, and nervous systems. They are caused by meta/zoa parasitic worms called
tapeworms, roundworms, flukeworms
de/fec/ation literally means
processs of feces or stoll away
cimex lectularius is also known as
bed bugs
the physiologic finction term de/glutition literally means
to swallow away or down
masticat/ion and mand/ible actually mean
process of chewing and chewer
tinea pedis actually means
athletes foot
skin blushing,– or redness is usyally cauysed by an increas in blood flox, oxy/hemoglobin, fever, inflmmation, trauma “wound” or alcohol
erythema
the skin color variation of pall/or is actually a — which usually accompanies blood loss, various types of anema, or shock
decrease in color
the skin color variation of– represents an increase in tissue bili/rubin from RBC destruction or liver cell destruction (hepat/itis). this color is best seen in the sclera of the eye, body membranes, and skin
yellow-orange “jaundice”
the relative speed with witch the skin resumes its normal apperence after being stretched or compressed is –. res the amount of water in the tissues or hydration. slower in seniors
turgor
a tan-brown skin coloration ussually means an increase in the amount of melanin in suntan or
pregnancy
Chloasma or melasma patches do NOT appear on which part of the face?
eyes
1. The myeloid tissue in cancellous bone is semi-liquid and produces most RBCs, WBCs and platelet is usually referred to as
bone marrow or red marrow
2. The upper jawbone is called the:
Maxilla
3. The first seven bones of the vertebral column (forming the neck) are the:
Cervical
4. The third set of 5 large vertebrae which form the inward curve of the lower spine and are the spinal column’s major weight bearers are called
lumbar vertebrae
5. The wrist bones composed of 8 small bones in two rows are called the:
carpus or carpals
6. The ankle bones are called the ________ bones:
tarsal “flat surface”
7. The combining forms or terms that literally mean “rib” are:
cost/o and pleuro-
8. The combining word form that refers to the “spine vertebral column and/or vertebra” is:
“rachi/o- and “spondyl/o-“
9. The term that means cartilage swelling or cartilage tumor is
Chondroma
10. The diagnostic term that literally means inflamed joint is:
arthr/it is
11. The medical term Burs/itis literally means:
wine sac or sac inflamed
12. The term Ankylosis literally means
“crooked stiff bent/condition bones pathologically fused together
13. The combining form of a term that means “hump or hunchback” is ________ and the medical condition of __________ is the backward bending of the thoracic (chest vertebrae) spine
kypho- – kyph/o/sis
14. The diagnostic term Genu Varum ( knees are in the varus position) means:
Knees are bent outward (bow-legged)
15. The combining form __________ means bone marrow or spinal cord.
myelo- “osteomyelitis or myelogram”
16. The combining forms that mean “movement or motion” are
kinesio- and -praxia
17. The combining forms that mean “stone” are:
petro- and litho-
18. The combining form scolio- means
crooked and curved – lateral or side curve (to bend) of vertebrae along with rotation
19. An ankle sprain is often characterized by ________:
hematoma formation, with ligaments that are stretched, partially, of fully torn
20. The diagnostic term Ankylos/ing Spondyl/itis refers to the auto-immune condition of Rheumatoid Arthritis and actually means
the abnormal condition of stiffness and fusion of vertebrae
21. The diagnostic terms My/asthenia and Neur/asthenia mean:
muscle weakness and nerve weakness
22. The diagnostic term that means pain in the tendon is
tenalgia or tenodyni
23. The diagnostic term that means abnormal build up of calcium on the kneecap (patella) surface is:
calcin/osis
24. The diagnostic term Avulsion means:
tearing lose of a body part like a bone chip or ligament
25. The diagnostic term for a disease that causes excessive amounts of uric acid crystals in the blood to be deposited in joint (elbow or toe) is:
Gout
26. The diagnostic term Herniated Disc means:
ruptured or protruding inter/vertebral disk cartilage
27. The diagnostic term that means abnormal loss of bone density or increased bone poros/ity is
osteo/por/o/sis
28. The surgical terms Lamin/ectomy and Rachi/o/tomy actually mean:
excision of posterior vertebral arch and cutting the vertebral column
29. The surgical term Arthr/o/desis means:
surgical fixation or binding of a joint
30. An instrument used to cut bone is called a(n):
osteo/tom/e
31. The surgical term for the repair of cartilage is called:
chondr/o/plasty
32. The term Chiro/pract/or literally means:
one who practices by hand
33. The surgical term that means fusing together of the spine (vertebrae) is:
spondyl/o/syn/desis
34. The surgical term Phalang/ectomy means:
excision of a finger or toe bone – digit
35. The surgical term that means “incision into the skull to drain fluid” is
cranio/centesis
36. The surgical term that actually means “surgically breaking joint apart” is:
Arthroclasia
37. CTS and TTS are abbreviations for ___________ Syn/drome (sign and symptom complex).
Carpal or Tarsal Tunnel
38. The term Dys/chrondro/plas/ia literally refers to:
faulty cartilage formation
39. The term for X-ray film (recording) of a joint is:
arthro/gram
40. The procedural term that means visual examination inside a joint is:
arthroscop/y
41. The medical term “Gangli/ec/tom/y” means:
procedure of cutting out a knot
42. A physician who uses techniques and treatments common to Medical Doctors and Chiropractic Physicians is a(n):
Oste/o/path
43. The modern medical term for a specialist who treats and diagnoses foot disease and disorders such as corns, bunions, claw foot, ingrown toenails, and par/onych/itis is a Chiro/pod/ist. A more current name would be:
Pod/iatr/ist
44. The healing specialty that emphasizes a system of therapy based on the manipulation of the vertebral column and other bones of the body by hand is:
Chiropractic
45. The medical term that means an artificial substitute or addition replacing a missing body part (teeth, feet, hearing aid, eye lens) is:
prosth/esis
46. The diagnostic term Spondylo/listh/esis literally and actually means:
vertebrae/slippage/condition
47. The diagnostic term Ankylosing Spondylitis means:
fusing/process vertebrae/inflamed
48. The diagnostic term Rheumat/oid Arthr/itis means:
auto-immune disease often with cartilaginous hyper/troph/y
49. The diagnostic term Osteoarthritis affects almost 30 million of the 50 million individuals with arthritis in the U.S.A. The term also means:
inflammation of a bone joint causing bone hypertrophy
50. The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means:
inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
51. The diagnostic term Rotator Cuff Avulsion actually means:
tearing of shoulder joint’s soft tissues, ligaments, and deep tendons (rotator cuff muscles)
52. The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means:
inflamed bursa of the big toe’s metatarsophalangeal joint
53. The diagnostic term Housemaid’s Knee means:
inflamed bursa below the knee – related to an occupation
54. The diagnostic term Osteosarcoma means:
bone tumors that causes hard tissue to become soft and fleshy
55. The diagnostic term Hip Disarticulation (HD) also means:
A surgical amputation through the joint capsule of the hip joint
56. The diagnostic term Sub/luxation actually means:
partial joint dislocation – less than complete dislocation
57. An Osteopathic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation ____ and a Chiropractic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation _______.
DO and DC
58. The diagnostic term Hammer Toe means:
the toe or toes of the foot are bent over or down – like a hammer
59. The term Examination means:
the process or procedure of inspection
60. A Optometric Physician uses the Medical Abbreviation:
OD
61. The term Anthropo/metr/ic means:
refers to the measurement of humans
62. A bone process or eye membrane disease term that means resembling a wing is ________:
pteryg/oid
63. Muscle terms for belly or abdomen are:
abdominus or laparal
64. A muscle directional term for middle or toward the middle is:
medi- or meso- “medium, medial, mesomorph”
65. A procedure of making a record of muscle activity is called:
electro/myo/graph/y
66. The condition resulting in spasms of the nerves and muscles due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood is:
Tetany
67. The diagnostic term Anterior Polio/myel/itis means an:
inflammation of the front gray horn of the spinal cord
68. The diagnostic term My/asthenia Gravis actually means:
heavy because of muscle weakness
69. The diagnostic term Syn/dactylia means:
fingers connected together
70. The diagnostic term Muscular Dys/trophy means:
muscles that have faulty development; and wasting away of the muscles that did develop properly
71. The muscle or body term trauma means:
Wound
72. The muscle term ad/duct/or literally means:
one who/draws/toward “medially”
73. The diagnostic term Pes Planus means:
flat foot
74. The muscle term supinator means:
turns upward – one who
75. The muscle term sphincter means:
that which bind together
76. The machine that records muscle activity is called the:
electromyo/graph
77. The “literal” meaning” of the diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is:”
heart/muscle/disease/condition
The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of a word is the:
root word “stem word”
In the medical term ‘intra/ven/ous’, ven- is the:-
word root or stem word
The word part attached to the beginning of a word root in order to modify its meaning is called a(n):
prefix
In the medical term ‘arthr/itis’, itis is the:-
Suffix
The word part attached to the end of a word root in order to modify its meaning is the:
Suffix
The most common combining vowel is:
‘o’
In the divided medical term ‘arthr/o/pathy’, “o” is the:
combining vowel “used with both the stem word and suffix”
In the divided medical term ‘sub/hepat/ic’, which part is the prefix and which part is the suffix?
sub- and -ic
The combining form of a stem word is usually made of two component parts, the _____ _____ and _____ _____:
word root and combining vowel
In the divided medial term ‘osteopor/o/sis’, the slash lines (/) indicate that the vowel “o” may be used as part of which word parts?
por- and -osis
The phrase, refers to or _____, is a generalized actual meaning (not a literal meaning) used for the suffixes a, -ia, -iac, -al, -ar, -ic, -is, -on, -os, -us, -ium, and -um
pertains to
Verb variations of a stem word usually describe:
action taken, condition, or state
Adjectives usually modify a noun (thing named) denoting quality, quantity, extent, or _____
distinction of the object from something else
Breaking a compound term into component word parts (usually with its combining vowel or vowels) is called:
Fracturing
What cellular organelle contains chromosomes and has the literal meaning “nut”?
Nucleus
The combining form or term that literally means “internal organs” is:
viscer/o-
The abdominal cavity contains the:
Liver
My/o is the combining form of a word part that means:-
Muscle
The combining form hist/o means:-
tissue or web-like
20
A body part which is formed of two or more types of body tissue and performs one or more specific functions is called a(n) ________:
Organ
The suffix -plas/ia is a compound suffix (2 or more parts) that refers to:
formation, growth or development
Bone is described as _____ tissue
Connective
The combining form that means “cause of (disease)” is:
eti/o
The prefix that means “change or after” is:
Meta
The suffix that means “to control or stop” is:
Stasis
The medical term that means “the science of or study of body changes caused by disease” is :
path/o/logy
The combining form onc/o means:-
Tumor
If a tumor is found to be benign, it is:
encapsulated, slow growing, and expansive
The medical term for new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor) is:
Neoplasm
The ‘LITERAL MEANING’ of the medical term carcin/oma is:
crab-like tumor “invades with crab-like leg growths”
The correct way to fracture or divide the medical term melanocarcinoma is:
melano/carcin/oma
The directional term ‘lateral’ describes movement in which direction:
to the side
The directional term that means “toward the lower end of the body” is:
Caudal
The term that describes the direction closest to the point of origin is:
Proximal
The directional term for movement toward the back of the body is
Dorsal
The term that describes movement toward the top of the body is:
Cephalic
The term that describes movement toward the front of the body is:
Ventral
The directional term ‘inferior’ describes movement:
toward the lower end of the body
The term that divides the body into right and left halves is the:
sagittal plane “like an arrow”
The term ‘coronal’ or ‘frontal plane’ divides the body into the:
anterior and posterior portions
The regional term that refers to the areas on both the right and left sides of the hypo/gastr/ic body region is the: {NOTE: There are 9 individual abdomino/pelv/ic regions}
iliac or inguinal
If a wound is considered superficial it is:
situated near the surface
If one is flat on their back and face up, they are in a _____ position
supine
A ‘Plantar Wart’ is located on the:
Sole of the foot
The term defined as the process of drawing away from the mid line or middle is:-
Abduction
The movement in which a limb is placed in a straight position is called:
Extension
The term ‘af/ferent’ (as in sensory impulses) is defined as:
conveying toward the center
If you rotate your shoulder around a central point, it is called:
Circumduction
Graduates of a Medical School still take the _____ Oath:
Hippocratic
If an infection is “Chronic” it is characterized by:
little change, slow progression, and long duration
An epithelial or covering cell malignant tumor is referred to as a(n):
Carcinoma
A tumor of the fibrous and cartilaginous tissue is called a(n):
Fibrochondroma
The study of disease is referred to as:
Pathology
Cancers of the circulatory system include:
leukemia and lymphomas
A fatty tumor is called a(n) :
lipoma, steatoma, or adipoma
The term “metastasis” means:
to spread
The term “hyperplasia” means:
increase in development
The term “diagnosis” means:
total knowledge
The term “Clinical” means:
at patients bedside
The term “Prognosis” means:
before knowledge
The term “Mammogram” means:
a recording of the breast
The term “Xerogram” means:
a dry recording
The term “Intravenous Injection
IV” means:-
within a vein
The term “Phlebotomy” means:
to cut into a vein
The term “Radiogram ” means:
X-ray recording
“Fluoroscopy” is used to record ________:
moving body parts
“Angiograms” are used for ________:
recording pictures of vessels
The term “Graphy” means ________:
procedure using an instrument to record something
The “KUB” examination looks for defects in the:
kidney, ureter, and bladder
The “Pyelogram” records information about the _____:
kidney pelvis
A “Myelogram” is used to record _______ information:
spinal cord/nerve tissue
Body “X bones:-rays” produce pictures of _____body tissue and bones.
Dense
A “_______” is a noninvasive roentgenography diagnostic technique
Computerized Axial Tomography (Scan-CAT)
A “_____” produces a radio frequency radiation pulse image of soft and hard tissue in multiple planes It does not produce ionizing radiation hazards
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Scan)-MRI
Laser assisted surgery “LASIK” is used to correct:
myopia (and hyperopia)
A “EKG or ECG” is used to record information about _____ electrical activity
heart
A “EEG” is used to record information about _____ electrical activity
brain
An “EMG” is used to record information about _____ electrical activity
skeletal muscle
A “PET Scan” is used to detect glucose or energy use levels of the ________:
Brain
A “Thallium Hot Spot Test” is used to detect _____ damage-
Heart
The term “Stetho/scop/e” literally means:
Instrument to examine the chest
The term “Auscult/ation” literally means:
process or procedure for listening
The term “Percuss/ion” literally means:
process or procedure of striking
The term “ocular” literally means:
refers to the eye
The term “Sphygmo/mano/meter” literally means:
to measure the pulse by hand
The procedure of using an instrument that produces high frequency sound waves to produce an image of the size or shape of a body part is called:
Ultra/sono/graph/y
The term “Biopsy” literally means:
the procedure of viewing life
The term “Laryngo/scop/y” literally and actually means:
the procedure of viewing and examining the voice box
The term “Ophthalmo/scop/e” means:
instrument to examine the eye
A “Tonometer” measures pressure within the ________:
Eye
The term “Nebuliz/er” means:
one who causes a mist
The term “Cryo/surg/er/y” literally means:
a procedure of one who works by hand with cold
An “Otoscope” is used to view the:
Ear
The term “Tympanostomy” literally means:
procedure of cutting and making a mouth-like opening in the ear drum
A “Spinal Tap” is used to ________:
take fluid samples from the spinal fluid
The term “Catheter” literally means:
to let down, into
A “Defibrillator” is used to correct ________:
abnormal heart beats or rhythms
An “Electro Shock Therapy
EST” is also known as:-
Electric Convulsive Therapy – ECT
A “Pacemaker” can be external or internal and usually generates electrical stimuli to the heart muscle with ________:
fixed and/or alternate impulses
The term “Surgery” literally means:
procedure of working by hand
“Complimentary or Alternative Medicine” is now referred to as ________:
Integrated Medicine
“Biofeedback” is a type of _____ therapy:
Psychosomatic
“Aromatherapy” is a type of integrated therapy that some may feel is _________:
suggestive, or placebo effect, unsupported by clinical evidence, psychosomatic
“Placebo Effect Therapy”(like hypnotherapy) uses the principle of ________:
suggestion and believability
“Therapeutic Touch Therapy” uses the principle that the body produces:
energy or an aura – “halo”
“Massage and Reflexology” are examples of ________:
integrated medicine
“Acu/puncture” literally means ________:
needle puncture
The term “Bronchoscope”literally means:
instrument to view trachea-like structures
The abbreviation “ICU” refers to a(n):
Intensive Care Unit
110
The term “Intramuscular Injection
IM” literally means:-
within a muscle
“Lithotripsy” is a procedure for crushing ________:
stones or calculi debris
“Cryosurgery” is used to treat ________:
verrucae or warts
The ____________is used to treat brain cancer by directing radiation at precise brain locations
Gamma Knife
Dr. Elizabeth Kubler Ross is best known for:-
The Stages of Death and Dying
the largest region of the brain
cerebrum
the term “pyschology” literally means
the process or procedure of the science or study of the mind
The area of the brain responsible for respiration, heart rate, and smooth muscle control of our blood vessels is the:
medulla oblongata
The structure that conducts nerve impulses to and from the brain and serves as a reflex center for some sensory information without input from the brain is the:
spinal cord
The three layered membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord and literally means membrane is called the:
meninges
The cord-like (string-like) structures that carry bio-electrical impulses from one part of the body to another are called
nerves
A group of nerve cell bodies that are found outside of the spinal cord and brain are referred to as
ganglions or ganglia (pl.) “literal meaning knot”
The term that means spinal cord inflammation is:
myel/itis
The combining form en/cephal/o- actually means:
brain “literally means within head”
The combining form phren/o- means:
mind or diaphragm “phren/ology and phrenic nerve”
The combining form that means “physical sensation, sensitivity, or feeling” is:
esthesi/o-
The combining form phas/o- means:
speech
the combining form ment/o means
mind “ment/al”
the prefixes hemi and semi mean
half
the prefixes quadri- and tetre- means —– and terato- means
four and monster
iatro/genic means:
physician caused
The suffix -paresis means:
partial paralysis “paraparesis means slight or near paralysis”
The diagnostic term for inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord is:
polio/myel/itis “anterior part of spinal cord horn”
The endocrine system and the nervous systems are referred to as:
master body systems
The diagnostic terms Neur/itis and Neur/algia mean:
inflamed nerves and pain in the nerves
The diagnostic term En/cephal/itis actually means:
inflammation of the brain
The diagnostic term that means tumor made up of nerve cells is:
neur/ oma
The diagnostic term that means softening of the brain is
en/cephalo/malac/ia
The diagnostic term Cerebr/al Thromb/o/sis means:
condition of a blood clot in the brain “cerebrum”
The diagnostic term Neur/asthenia means:
nerve weakness
The diagnostic term for a disease characterized by early senility, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, and restlessness is:
Alzheimer’s Disease
The diagnostic term for a viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes the skin to blister along the course of the nerve is:
shingles – herpes virus that cause chickenpox “Herpes Zoster”
The interruption of blood supply to the brain caused by a cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, or cerebral hemorrhage is called:
Cerebro/vascular Accident, Apoplexy, or Stroke
The diagnostic term that means deficient supply of blood to the brain for a short time is called a(n):
Transient Ischemic Attack “TIA”
The diagnostic term for an emotional disorder characterized by the use of ineffective skills for coping with anxiety or inner conflict is:
Neurosis “no loss of reality”
The term __________ is seen in children before 18 Y/O. It follows a viral infection (Influenza B) and causes Encephalo/pathy and fatty organs. It was recognized in 1963 by Dr. R. Reyes, an Australian Pathologist.
Reye’s Syndrome
The diagnostic term for a condition caused by an increased amount of cerebral spinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain is:
hydrocephalus
The diagnostic term for a condition characterized by brain damage and lack of muscle control and partial paralysis is:
cerebral palsy CP
The procedural term Echo/encephalo/graphy actually means:
procedure of recording brain structures by use of sound
An instrument used to record the electrical impulses of the brain is called an
electro/encephalo/graph
The diagnostic term for a process that includes the use of a computer to produce a series of images of the tissues of the brain at any desired depth is:
CAT scan (computerized axial tomography)
The medical term Encephalo/angio/scler/o/sis means:
condition of hardening of the brain’s blood vessels
The medical term that means without feeling or without sensation is:
an/esthesia
The medical term that means the same as Quadri/plegia is:
tetra/plegia “4 limbs paralyzed”
dysphasia means
difficulty on speaking
psychologist means
specialist in the science and study of the mind
medical term that means mental disease
phrenopathy
The medical term cephalo/dynia means:
pain in the head
The medical term that means total paralysis is
pan/plegia
The medical term quadri/plegia means
paralysis of all four limbs
The medical term Coma means:
sleep like
The medical term shunt means
tube implanted in the body to redirect the flow of a fluid
The medical term ataxia means:
lack of gross motor balance/coordination
The medical term that means feeling “faint” is:
syncope
The medical abbreviations CNS, PNS, and ANS refer to divisions of the:
nervous system
The Cranial Nerves are string-like groups of nerves coming off of the
brain and brain stem
The medical term Psych/iatr/y literally means
the procedure or process of treating or curing the mind
The term Psycholog/ist literally means
is a specialist in the science and study of the mind
The medical term Alzheimer’s or Pick’s Disease refers to:
pre-senile dementia
The medical term that means Lou Gerhig’s Disease is also known as:
A/myo/throphic Lateral Sclerosis “ALS”
The medical term Cerebral Contusion means:
the process of bruising the brain
The medical term Concussion means
to shake violently “causing brain bleeding”
The diagnostic medical term Down Syndrome refers to:
a genetic defect causing multiple defects seen with degrees of mental retardation
The medical term Hemat/oma means
blood swelling or tumor
The medical term Epi/lepsy means:
seizure upon the mind and body
The medical term Opistho/tonos (backward bending tone) means:
tension that bends back and head backward “Tetanus”
The medical term Septic/emia means
poison in the blood “usually bacterial poison or waste”
The medical term Neuro/fibromat/osis is characterized by
multiple fiber-like nerve tumors “Elephant Man Disease
The medical term Chalazion Cyst (AKA: steatoma, meibomian cyst) is referred to as a sebaceous cyst of the eyelids. It is the extension of the meibomian gland with its oily secretions. The term literally means:
hailstone sac “of eyelid”
The term Con/junctiv/itis literally means together/joined/inflamed. It actually means:
nflammation of the membrane that covers the eyeball and the eyelid
The medical term Dacryo/cyst/itis or Lacrimo/cyst/itis means:
inflammation of the tear sac
The medical term Glauc/oma actually means:
Waterfall, Cloudy, or Gray Vision (“caused by an increase in intraocular pressure”).
The medical term Kerat/itis actually means:
inflammation of the eye’s cornea
The medical term Opto/metr/ist literally means:
specialist in measuring sight
Miotic Eye Drops cause the eyes pupil to
constrict
The E Eye Chart is used to measure
visual acuity
The medical term Myoptic (adj.) literally means_____ and actually means____:
nearsightedness or shortsighted “see clear close up”
The medical term Tetanus (24 different types) usually refers to
muscle spasms of body caused by bacteria Clostridium tetani toxins
he Optic (sight), Oculomotor (eye movement), Trochlear (pulley-like), and Abducens (to draw away) Nerves all innervate the eye in some way. These are referred to as Cranial Nerves _________________ (OOOTTAFAGVAH):
2,3,4,6
The medical term Bell’s Palsy is also known as:
facial paralysis or palsy
The medical term Cerebral Palsy (CP) is characterized by
Brain damage around the time of birth; CP is manifested by abnormal muscle tone, movements, and coordination (dyskinesias)
The medical term Para/noia literally means “mind/beyond or beside” or refers to a behavior that is out of touch with reality or
refers to abnormal thinking or reasoning “Psychosis – Not Real”
The term Schizo/phrenia (split/mind – with delusions, persecution, hallucinations, jealousy, and/or catatonia “stupor”) actually refers to a type of Psych/osis (loss of reality) that is also characterized by:
thought deterioration and lack of social functioning before 45 Y/O
The diagnostic medical term Multiple Sclerosis (MS) refers to:
deterioration or loss of the myelin sheath nerve body covering “paralysis”
Parkinson’s Disease causes body tremors (shaking), weak speech, shuffling of feet, and depression. Other patients may experience:
muscle and body “voice loss, sphincter problems, with falls & paralysis”
The body term Cerumen is also known as:
ear wax “from modified ear sebaceous or oil glands”
he medical term Myring/itis (typan/itis: drum/inflamed) actually means:
inflammation of the eardrum
aural atresia refers to
closure of the outer auditory or hearing canal
the medical terms palpebritis and blepharoptosis refer to
eyelid inflammation and eyelid drooping
The medical term Retin/itis Pigmentosa can be called:
animal tracks “retina or net is inflamed causing marks – blindness”
The medical term Trach/oma refers to a chlamydial (to cloak) infection causing:
rough swollen eye lesions “afflicting & blinding 400 Million Per Year
The outer hard layer of the eye (white of eye) is the:
sclera
The eye structure that lies directly behind the pupil and iris is the:
lens
The tear glands that lubricate and protect the eye are called:
lacrimal glands “dacyro- or lacrimo- mean tear”
The inner layer of the eye with the vision receptors is the:
retina “net”
The small organs that produce and drain tears from the eye are the:
lacrimal glands and ducts
The mucous membrane lining the inner eyelids & globe eyeball is the
conjunctiva
The nerve in the eye that carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain is the:
optic nerve
The diagnostic term Blephar/itis means
inflammation of the eyelid
The diagnostic term Photo/phobia means:
abnormal aversion to or fear of light
The term for an abnormal condition of the eye caused by a fungus is:
oculo/myc/o/sis
The diagnostic term for obstruction of the eyelids sebaceous gland is:
chalazion “stye”
The diagnostic term Cataract actually means:
clouding of the lens of the eye “looks cloudy, waterfall, opacity”
The surgical term Radial Keratotomy actually means:
producing spoke-like incisions to flatten the cornea
The diagnostic term “Hyperopia” means
farsightedness
An instrument that examines the interior of the eye is called a(n):
ophthalmo/scop/e
The medical term for a physician who specializes in Ophthalmology is:
Ophthalmologist
The medical term that actually means one who is skilled in filling prescriptions for lenses is:
Optician
The medical term for a specialist who studies the diseases of the eye and is a medical doctor is
Ophthalmologist
The medical term Opto/metr/ist literally means:
specialist in the measurement of sight
The medical term visual acuity means:
sharpness of vision
The structure in the inner ear that contains balance receptors and endolymph is called the:
semicircular canal
The malleus, incus, and stapes make up the bones of the middle ear called the:
ossicles “bones/little”
The combining forms acout/o- and audi/o- both mean:
hearing “acoustics and audio”
The diagnostic term ot/itis interna can also be called:
labyrinthitis or inflamed inner ear
The medical term for a fungal infection of the ear is:
otomycosis
The diagnostic term ot/algia means:
pain in the ear
The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by dizziness (Vertigo) and ringing (Tinnitus) in the ear is:
Menieres Disease
The diagnostic term for ringing in the ears is:
tinnitus
The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of the word is the:
Root word “stem word”
In the medical term “intra/ven/ous”-ven- is the:
word root or stem word
The word part attached to the beginning of a word root in order to modify its meaning is called a:
Prefix
In the word root ‘arthr/itis’ -itis is the
Suffix
The word part attached to the end of a word root in order to modify its meaning is the
suffix
The most common combining vowel is
‘o’
In the divided medical term ‘arthr/o/pathy’, ‘o’ is the
combining vowel used with both the stem word and the suffix
In the divided medical term ‘sub/hepat/ic’, which part is the prefix and which part is the suffix?
sub- and -ic
The combining form a stem word is made up of two component parts, __ __ and __ __.
Word root and combining vowel
In the divided term ‘osteopor/o/sis’, the slash lines indicate that the vowel ‘o’ may be used as part of which word parts?
por- and -osis
The phrase, refers to or ____, is a generalized actual meaning (not literal meaning) used for the suffixes -a, -ia, -iac, -al, -ar, -ic, -is, -on, -os, -us, -ium, and -um
pertains to
Verb variations of a stem word usually describe
action taken, condition, or state
Adjectives usually modify a noun (thing named), denoting quality, quantity, extent, or ______.
distinction of the object from something else
Breaking a compound term into component word parts (usually with its combining vowel or vowels) is called
fracturing
What cellular organelle contains chromosomes and has the literal meaning “nut”?
nucleus
The combining form or term that literally means “internal organs” is:
viscer/o-
The abdominal cavity contains the
liver
My/o- is the combining form of a word part that means
muscle
The combining form hist/o- means
tissue or web-like
A body part which is formed of two or more types of body tissue and performs one or more specific functions is called a(n) ________:
organ
The suffix -plas/ia is a compound suffix (2 or more parts) that refers to
formation, growth, or development
Bone is described as _____ tissue
connective
The combining form that means “cause of (disease)” is:
eti/o
The prefix that means “change or after” is
meta-
The suffix that means “to control or stop” is
-stasis
The medical term that means “the science of or study of body changes caused by disease” is
path/o/logy
The combining form onc/o- means
tumor
If a tumor is found to be benign, it is
encapsulated, slow growing, and expansive
The medical term for new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor) is:
neoplasm
The ‘LITERAL MEANING’ of the medical term carcin/oma is
crab-like tumor “invades with crab-like leg growths”
The correct way to fracture or divide the medical term melanocarcinoma is
melano/carcin/oma
The directional term ‘lateral’ describes movement in which direction:
to the side
The directional term that means “toward the lower end of the body” is
caudal
The term that describes the direction closest to the point of origin is
proximal
The directional term for movement toward the back of the body is
dorsal
The term that describes movement toward the top of the body is:
cephalic
The term that describes movement toward the front of the body is
ventral
The directional term ‘inferior’ describes movement
toward the lower end of the body
The term that divides the body into right and left halves is the
sagittal plane “like an arrow”
The term ‘coronal’ or ‘frontal plane’ divides the body into the
anterior and posterior portions
The regional term that refers to the areas on both the right and left sides of the hypo/gastr/ic body region is the: {NOTE: There are 9 individual abdomino/pelv/ic regions}
iliac or inguinal
If a wound is considered superficial it is
situated near the surface
If one is flat on their back and face up, they are in a _____ position
supine
A ‘Plantar Wart’ is located on the
sole of the foot
The term defined as the process of drawing away from the mid-line or middle is
aBduction
The movement in which a limb is placed in a straight position is called
extension
The term ‘af/ferent’ (as in sensory impulses) is defined as
conveying towards the center
If you rotate your shoulder around a central point, it is called:
circumduction
Graduates of a Medical School still take the _____ Oath:
Hippocratic
If an infection is “Chronic” it is characterized by
little change, slow progression, and long duration
An epithelial or covering cell malignant tumor is referred to as a(n):
carcinoma
A tumor of the fibrous and cartilaginous tissue is called a(n
fibrochondroma
The study of disease is referred to as
pathology
Cancers of the circulatory system include
leukemia and lymphomas
A fatty tumor is called a(n)
lipoma, steatoma, or adipoma
The term “metastasis” means
to spread
The term “hyperplasia” means
increase in development
The term “diagnosis” means
total knowledge
The term “Clinical” means
at patient’s bedside
The term “Prognosis” means
before knowledge
The term “Mammogram” means
a recording of the breast
The term “Xerogram” means
a dry recording
The term “Intravenous Injection -IV” means
within a vein
The term “Phlebotomy” means
to cut into a vein
The term “Radiogram ” means
x-ray recording
“Fluoroscopy” is used to record ________:
moving body parts
“Angiograms” are used for ________:
recording pictures of vessels
The term “Graphy” means ________:
procedure using an instrument to record something
The “KUB” examination looks for defects in the
kidney, ureter, and bladder
The “Pyelogram” records information about the _____:
kidney pelvis
A “Myelogram” is used to record _______ information:
spinal cord/nerve tissue
Body “X-rays” produce pictures of _____body tissue and bones:
dense
A “_______” is a noninvasive roentgenography diagnostic technique.
Computerized Axial Tomography (Scan-CAT)
A “_____” produces a radio frequency radiation pulse image of soft and hard tissue in multiple planes. It does not produce ionizing radiation hazards
Magnetic Resonance Imaging(Scan)- MRI
Laser assisted surgery “LASIK” is used to correct:
myopia (and hyperopia)
A “EKG or ECG” is used to record information about _____ electrical activity
heart
A “EEG” is used to record information about _____ electrical activity
brain
An “EMG” is used to record information about _____ electrical activity.
skeletal muscle
A “PET Scan” is used to detect glucose or energy use levels of the ________:
brain
A “Thallium – Hot Spot Test” is used to detect _____ damage:
heart
The term “Stetho/scop/e” literally means
instrument to examine the chest
The term “Auscult/ation” literally means:
process or procedure for listening
The term “Percuss/ion” literally means:
process or procudure for striking
The term “ocular” literally means:
refers to the eye
The term “Sphygmo/mano/meter” literally means:
to measure the pulse by hand
The procedure of using an instrument that produces high frequency sound waves to produce an image of the size or shape of a body part is called:
ultra/sono/graph/y
The term “Biopsy” literally means:
the procedure of viewing life
The term “Laryngo/scop/y” literally and actually means
the procedure of viewing and examining the voice box
The term “Ophthalmo/scop/e” means:
instrument to examine the eye
A “Tonometer” measures pressure within the ________:
eye
The term “Nebuliz/er” means:
one who causes a mist
The term “Cryo/surg/er/y” literally means
a procedure of one who works by hand with cold
An “Otoscope” is used to view the:
ear
The term “Tympanostomy” literally means:
procedure of cutting and making a mouth-like opening in the ear drum
A “Spinal Tap” is used to ________:
take fluid samples from the spinal fluid
The term “Catheter” literally means:
to let down, into
A “Defibrillator” is used to correct ________:
abnormal heart beats or rhythms
An “Electro Shock Therapy – EST” is also known as:
Electric Convulsive Therapy (ECT)
A “Pacemaker” can be external or internal and usually generates electrical stimuli to the heart muscle with ________:
fixed and/or alternate impulses
The term “Surgery” literally means:
procedure of working by hand
“Complimentary or Alternative Medicine” is now referred to as ________:
Integrated Medicine
“Biofeedback” is a type of _____ therapy:
psychosomatic
“Aromatherapy” is a type of integrated therapy that some may feel is _________:
All the above:
unsupported by clinical evidence
psychosomatic
suggestive, or placebo effect
“Placebo Effect Therapy”(like hypnotherapy) uses the principle of ________:
suggestion and believability
“Therapeutic Touch Therapy” uses the principle that the body produces:
energy or an aura- “halo”
“Massage and Reflexology” are examples of ________:
integrated medicine
“Acu/puncture” literally means ________:
needle puncture
The term “Bronchoscope”literally means:
instrument to view trachea-like structures
The abbreviation “ICU” refers to a(n):
Intensive Care Unit
The term “Intramuscular Injection-IM” literally means
within a muscle
“Lithotripsy” is a procedure for crushing ________:
stones or calculi debris
“Cryosurgery” is used to treat ________:
verrucae or warts
The ____________is used to treat brain cancer by directing radiation at precise brain locations.
Gamma Knife
Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross is best known for:
The Stages of Death and Dying

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