Abnormal Psychology Test!

Walter Cannon perceived the stress response to be highly adaptive because it prepared the organism for
a. relative deprivation.
b. spontaneous remission.
c. fight or flight.
d. catharsis.
e. the production of lymphocytes.
C.

A psychophysiological illness is
a. a chronic immune system disease that produces psychological effects.
b. any psychological disorder that has a genetic component.
c. a disease of the central nervous system.
d. any physical illness that produces a psychological disorder.
e. a stress-related physical illness such as hypertension.
E.

The first phase of the general adaptation syndrome is
a. stress appraisal.
b. alarm.
c. resistance.
d. denial.
e. adjustment
B.

As a psychologist employed by a medical school, Dr. McNerney specializes in research on the causes of stress and on the effectiveness of various techniques for coping with stress. Dr. McNerney is most likely a(n) ________ psychologist.
a. humanistic
b. behavioral
c. forensic
d. educational
e. health
E.

B lymphocytes inhibit ________, whereas T lymphocytes inhibit ________.
a. bacterial infections; viral infections
b. heart attacks; strokes
c. psychological symptoms; physiological symptoms
d. HIV; AIDS
e. NK cells; cancer cells
A.

Which of the following best describes the effects of prolonged periods of stress on the immune system?
a. Chronic stress can affect the immune system either by impairing its function or by causing it to attack the body’s own tissues.
b. Prolonged stress negatively affects the immune system in only one way—by decreasing the ability of our immune cells to fight infection.
c. Immune system function is improved because prolonged sympathetic nervous system responses make us more reactive to our environment.
d. Research has shown no conclusive link between stress levels and immune system function.
e. Stress hormones destroy the lymphocytes of the immune system, causing illness.
A

In their classic nine-year study, Friedman and Rosenman reported that, compared with Type A men, Type B men were
a. more susceptible to heart attacks.
b. more susceptible to hypertension.
c. less susceptible to heart attacks.
d. more susceptible to infections.
e. less susceptible to stomach ulcers.
C

Rush hour traffic is to upset stomach as ________ is to ________.
a. adaptation; exhaustion
b. fight; flight
c. lymphocyte; macrophage
d. Type B; Type A
e. stressor; stress reaction
E

The greatest number of deaths in North America today result from
a. heart disease
b. cancer
c. lupus.
d. AIDS.
e. strokes.
A

The field of psychoneuroimmunology is most broadly concerned with how the psychological, neural, and endocrine systems together affect the
a. respiratory system.
b. reproductive system.
c. immune system.
d. central nervous system.
e. cardiovascular system.
C

A stress-moderating hormone released by cuddling and associated with pair-bonding is known as
a. norepinephrine.
b. cortisol.
c. oxytocin.
d. serotonin.
e. dopamine.
C

The text defines stress as
a. the blocking of an attempt to reach some important goal.
b. the experience of conflicting motives that produce anxiety and tension.
c. the process by which we perceive and respond to environmental threats and challenges.
d. physical, emotional, or mental exhaustion.
e. the method in which we argue with loved ones.
C

Margo never enjoys spring break because at the end of every finals week she catches a bad cold. Margo is most likely in which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?
a. resolution
b. adjustment
c. alarm
d. exhaustion
e. resistance
D

After breaking up with his girlfriend, Eric came down with a severe respiratory infection. His illness may have been caused to a large extent by a(n) ________ in his body’s production of ________.
a. decrease; glucocorticoids
b. increase; NK cells
c. decrease; lymphocytes
d. increase; telomeres
e. decrease; macrophages
C

The risk of death from cardiovascular disease is substantially increased among those with
a. Type B personalities.
b. symptoms of depression.
c. symptoms of introversion.
d. B lymphocytes.
e. NK cells.
B

After being told that his parents have just been involved in a serious automobile accident, Bill is likely to experience an outpouring of
a. acetylcholine.
b. dopamine.
c. lymphocytes.
d. epinephrine.
e. serotonin.
D

During which phase of the general adaptation syndrome are organisms best able to physically cope with stress?
a. resolution
b. adjustment
c. adaptation
d. resistance
e. appraisal
D

A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-5 in order to ________ various psychological disorders.
a. cure
b. identify
c. explain
d. prevent
e. excuse
B

Larry has difficulty organizing his daily schedule of work responsibilities. He often makes careless mistakes or fails to complete his work because he is easily distracted. Larry’s behavior is most characteristic of
a. conversion disorder.
b. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
c. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
d. generalized anxiety disorder.
e. illness anxiety disorder .
B

The social withdrawal and haunting nightmares of battle-scarred war veterans best illustrate symptoms of
a. DSM.
b. PTSD.
c. DID.
d. OCD.
e. ADHD.
B

DSM-5 is most likely to be criticized for
a. listing vague, nonobservable symptoms for major disorders.
b. attempting to explain behavior by simply labeling it.
c. classifying an excessively broad range of human behaviors as psychologically disordered.
d. inhibiting scientific efforts to discover the underlying causes of psychological disorders.
e. failing to base diagnoses on observable behaviors
C

Episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by shortness of breath, trembling, dizziness, or heart palpitations are most characteristic of a(n)
a. mania.
b. panic disorder.
c. generalized anxiety disorder.
d. dissociative disorder.
e. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B

A rape victim may experience a panic attack when she sees anyone wearing a coat that resembles the one worn by her attacker. This reaction best illustrates the process of
a. observational learning.
b. reinforcement.
c. linkage analysis.
d. stimulus generalization.
e. generalized anxiety.
D

Manuel is extremely shy and is so easily embarrassed when he is with other people that he often misses his college classes just to avoid social interactions. Manuel appears to suffer from a(n)
a. generalized anxiety disorder.
b. dissociative disorder.
c. antisocial personality disorder.
d. social anxiety disorder.
e. dysthymic disorder.
D

Melissa is fearful of men and refuses to go out on dates. Her therapist suggests that she is fearful because she was sexually abused by her father when she was young. The therapist’s suggestion most clearly reflects a ________ perspective.
a. trait
b. learning
c. biological
d. psychoanalytic
e. humanistic
B

Cecil is preoccupied with thoughts of jumping out the window of his tenth-floor apartment. To reduce his anxiety, he frequently counts his heartbeats aloud. Cecil would most likely be diagnosed as experiencing a(n)
a. panic disorder.
b. bipolar disorder.
c. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
d. phobia.
e. generalized anxiety disorder.
C

Generalized anxiety disorder is often accompanied by
a. antisocial personality disorder.
b. depression.
c. catatonia.
d. hallucinations.
e. delusions.
B

The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result from syphilis infections facilitated the credibility and acceptance of
a. trait theory.
b. the social-cognitive perspective.
c. the medical model.
d. psychoanalytic theory.
e. DSM-5.
C

Some people are more vulnerable to PTSD because they have a sensitive ________, which floods the body with stress hormones.
a. limbic system
b. motor cortex
c. medulla
d. frontal lobe
e. cerebellum
A

Both the inseparability of mind and body and the interaction of nature and nurture are most clearly emphasized by
a. the medical model.
b. the learning perspective.
c. psychoanalytic theory.
d. the biopsychosocial approach.
e. DSM-5.
D

Fear-learning experiences can traumatize the brain by creating fear circuits within the
a. amygdala.
b. hypothalamus.
c. anterior cingulate cortex.
d. thalamus.
e. brainstem.
A

A World Health Organization study of 20 countries estimated that ________ had the highest prevalence of mental disorders during the prior year.
a. Germany
b. Mexico
c. the United Kingdom
d. Japan
e. the United States
E

In a study by David Rosenhan (1973), researchers were admitted as patients into various mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be “hearing voices.” This study best illustrated the negative effects of
a. the medical model.
b. linkage analysis.
c. diagnostic labels.
d. psychoanalytic theory.
e. hallucinations.
C

Phobias are most likely to be characterized by
a. a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal.
b. offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy the person.
c. the misinterpretation of normal physical sensations as signs of a disease.
d. a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation.
e. alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
D

Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is
a. maladaptive, distressful, and dysfunctional.
b. aggressive, persistent, and intentional.
c. instinctual, obsessive, and harmful.
d. selfish, habitual, and avoidable.
e. biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, and difficult to change.
A

It is easy to condition but hard to extinguish fears of the types of stimuli that threatened our ancestors. This fact is best explained from a ________ perspective.
a. learning
b. humanistic
c. biological
d. psychoanalytic
e. social-cognitive
C

Some studies suggest that an anxiety gene affects the brain’s level of the neurotransmitter
a. dopamine.
b. testosterone.
c. serotonin.
d. acetylcholine.
e. epinephrine.
C

Abnormally low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin are associated with
a. schizophrenia.
b. phobias.
c. depression.
d. panic attacks.
e. dissociative disorders.
C

The psychologist who questioned whether DID is a genuine disorder is
a. Susan Nolen-Hoeksema.
b. Kenneth Bianchi.
c. Martin Seligman.
d. Nicholas Spanos.
e. William James.
D

Research regarding depression indicates that
a. depression is unlikely to be overcome without professional help.
b. depression is typically unrelated to stressful life events.
c. with each new generation, depression is increasing in its prevalence.
d. with each new generation, depression is decreasing in its prevalence.
e. depression is associated with abnormally high levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin.
C

Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes are called
a. somatic symptom disorders.
b. personality disorders.
c. mood disorders.
d. anxiety disorders.
e. dissociative disorders.
C

Drugs that alleviate mania tend to reduce levels of the neurotransmitter
a. dopamine.
b. estrogen.
c. serotonin
d. acetylcholine.
e. norepinephrine.
E

William, an airplane pilot, is unable to remember anything of a bombing raid in which his plane was severely damaged and two crew members were killed. Because he himself suffered no physical injuries, psychologists suspect that William probably suffers from a
a. panic disorder.
b. phobia.
c. generalized anxiety disorder.
d. bipolar disorder.
e. dissociative disorder.
E

College students were asked to pretend that they were accused murderers. Under hypnosis, they typically expressed a second personality when prompted to do so by the examining psychiatrist. This most strongly suggests that dissociative identity disorder may involve
a. internal attributions of blame.
b. feelings of ambivalence.
c. low self-esteem.
d. unconscious fear.
e. role-playing.
E

A schizoid personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by
a. a sense of self-importance.
b. a fear of social rejection.
c. shallow, attention-getting emotional displays.
d. a detachment from social relationships.
e. an insatiable desire for attention.
D

People are more likely to recover from ________ schizophrenia than from ________ schizophrenia.
a. acute; reactive
b. paranoid; disorganized
c. reactive; process
d. chronic; acute
e. disorganized; paranoid
C

One way for people to break the vicious cycle of depression is to
a. participate more often in activities they consider pleasant and rewarding.
b. spend more time in quiet rest, seclusion, and personal meditation.
c. frequently talk to their friends about their negative thoughts and depressive feelings.
d. accept more personal responsibility for their own bad moods.
e. internalize and “own” their limitations and past mistakes.
A

Cocaine may ________ symptoms of schizophrenia by ________ dopamine levels.
a. increase; maintaining
b. decrease; increasing
c. increase; increasing
d. decrease; decreasing
e. eliminate; decreasing
C

Hallucinations and delusions are most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from
a. agoraphobia.
b. borderline personality disorder.
c. schizophrenia.
d. dissociative identity disorder.
e. major depressive disorder.
C

Anorexia patients are most likely to have parents who
a. have difficulty expressing emotional attachments.
b. have physically abused their children.
c. are high-achieving and protective.
d. are able to afford adequate food supplies.
e. are unconcerned about physical appearance and body weight.
C

A conversion disorder is most likely to be characterized by
a. persistent, preoccupying thoughts that have no basis in reality.
b. a continuous state of tensions, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal.
c. offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.
d. alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
e. very specific physical symptoms that have no apparent physiological basis.
E

Anthony is 32 years old, well above average in intelligence, and quite charming. He has swindled several older people out of their life savings, and he seems to have little feeling for his victims, nor does he fear the consequences of getting caught. His behavior is evidence of
a. a personality disorder.
b. bipolar disorder.
c. a dissociative disorder.
d. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
e. schizophrenia.
A

Bulimia nervosa is characterized by
a. episodes of overeating followed by vomiting.
b. the loss of regular menstrual periods.
c. lifelong obesity.
d. periods of unhealthy eating habits followed by starvation.
e. losses of 25 percent or more of normal weight.
A

Major depressive disorder is said to occur when signs of depression last at least
a. one year.
b. two weeks.
c. two months.
d. one week.
e. four months.
B

Stressful life events like the loss of a job are most likely to increase one’s risk of
a. antisocial personality disorder.
b. depression.
c. social phobia.
d. schizophrenia.
e. bipolar disorder.
B

Within the last year, Mr. Shangkun has been fired by three different employers because they each discovered that he was stealing money or materials from their companies. Although he feels no remorse for his misdeeds, his outward signs of repentance have dissuaded his former employers from taking him to court. Mr. Shangkun’s behavior is most indicative of
a. a personality disorder.
b. post-traumatic stress disorder.
c. a dissociative disorder.
d. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
e. schizophrenia.
A

Schizophrenia is associated with an excess of receptors for
a. norepinephrine.
b. dopamine.
c. serotonin.
d. insulin.
e. acetylcholine.
B

Which of the following disorders is classified as a mood disorder?
a. generalized anxiety disorder
b. agoraphobia
c. bipolar disorder
d. catatonia
e. antisocial personality disorder
C

For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from
a. major depressive disorder.
b. schizophrenia.
c. agoraphobia.
d. PTSD.
e. an antisocial personality disorder.
A

There is some evidence that a relatively low level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to
a. antisocial personality disorder.
b. dissociative disorders.
c. generalized anxiety disorder.
d. post-traumatic stress disorder.
e. phobias.
A

A PET scan study of people with ________ found increased activity in the amygdala.
a. depression
b. antisocial personality disorder
c. paranoia
d. mania
e. catatonia
C

One study monitored teens and young adults who had two relatives with schizophrenia. Those who subsequently developed schizophrenia displayed a tendency to be ________ prior to the onset of their disorder.
a. manic behavior
b. highly suggestible
c. addicted to drugs
d. artistically creative
e. socially withdrawn
E

Every week, Ruslan complains to a doctor about swollen glands, heart palpitations, constipation, or some other physical symptom. He is sure these symptoms are a sign of cancer, even though more than a dozen physicians have told him he is physically healthy. Ruslan’s behavior is most characteristic of a(n) ________ disorder.
a. somatic symptom
b. obsessive-compulsive
c. dissociative
d. personality
e. generalized anxiety
A

Schizophrenia victims have difficulty focusing attention. This is most likely to be related to a smaller-than-normal
a. thalamus.
b. pituitary gland.
c. hypothalamus.
d. cerebellum.
e. occipital lobe.
A

Group therapy is typically more effective than individual therapy for
a. encouraging severely disturbed individuals to quickly regain normal social functioning.
b. eliminating clients’ anxiety during the process of therapy.
c. enhancing the resilience of people with anxiety disorders.
d. enabling people to discover that others have problems similar to their own.
e. ensuring that therapists will become more emotionally involved in clients’ real-life problems.
D

A procedure that trains people to make new responses to stimuli that currently trigger unwanted responses is called
a. unconditional positive regard.
b. counterconditioning.
c. light exposure therapy.
d. resistance.
e. transference.
B

Aaron Beck has used gentle questioning intended to reveal depressed clients’ irrational thinking. His therapeutic approach best illustrates
a. systematic desensitization.
b. rTMS.
c. unconditional positive regard.
d. operant conditioning.
e. cognitive therapy.
E

Whenever 2-year-old Calista runs into the street in front of her house, her mother immediately spanks her. The mother’s technique most closely resembles the procedure known as
a. electroconvulsive therapy.
b. systematic desensitization.
c. stress inoculation training.
d. transference.
e. aversive conditioning.
E

Which of the following best illustrates a form of psychotherapy?
a. rTMS
b. psychopharmacology
c. systematic desensitization
d. psychosurgery
e. electroconvulsive therapy
C

Psychoanalysts would suggest that resistance during therapy supports and maintains the process of
a. meta-analysis.
b. transference.
c. free association.
d. dream interpretation.
e. repression.
E

Cindy suggested that her nail biting might be a symptom of unconscious resentment toward her parents. Her therapist chuckled and said, “No, Cindy, your problem isn’t unconscious hostility; your problem is nail biting.” Cindy’s therapist sounds most like a ________ therapist.
a. humanistic
b. behavior
c. insight
d. cognitive
e. psychoanalytic
B

Many self-help groups have emulated the use of ________ by Alcoholics Anonymous.
a. progressive relaxation
b. a token economy
c. free association
d. a 12-step program
e. systematic desensitization
D

A token economy represents an application of the principles of
a. classical conditioning.
b. humanistic therapy.
c. observational learning.
d. systematic desensitization.
e. operant conditioning.
E

Aversive conditioning involves
a. associating unwanted behaviors with unpleasant experiences.
b. depriving a client of access to an addictive drug.
c. identifying a hierarchy of anxiety-arousing experiences.
d. replacing a negative response to a harmless stimulus with a positive response.
e. systematically controlling the consequences of patients’ maladaptive behaviors.
A

Cognitive therapists are most likely to emphasize that emotional disturbances result from
a. self-blaming and overgeneralized explanations of bad events.
b. poverty, unemployment, racism, and sexism.
c. overly permissive child-rearing practices.
d. chemical abnormalities within the brain.
e. repressed, unconscious wishes and desires resulting in fixations.
A

As a therapist, Dr. Cioffi often uses systematic desensitization. She also considers active listening to be an invaluable therapeutic tool, and she frequently makes use of free association. Dr. Cioffi’s therapeutic approach would best be described as
a. eclectic.
b. client-centered.
c. meta-analytic.
d. psychoanalytic.
e. behavioral.
A

Mr. Choi’s therapist wants to help him become aware of his conflicting childhood feelings of love and hate for his parents. The therapist’s goal best reflects a primary aim of
a. systematic desensitization.
b. client-centered therapy.
c. operant conditioning techniques.
d. psychoanalysis.
e. cognitive therapy.
D

Which of the following techniques have behavior therapists used to help people overcome a fear of flying?
a. virtual reality exposure therapy
b. aversive conditioning
c. eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
d. the double-blind procedure
e. a token economy
A

The expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier relationships is known as
a. transference.
b. the therapeutic alliance.
c. meta-analysis.
d. resistance.
e. fixation
A

Carl Rogers encouraged client-centered therapists to ______ during the process of therapy.
a. identify a hierarchy of the client’s anxiety-arousing experiences
b. clearly communicate their diagnosis of a client’s disorder
c. explain the immediate causes of a client’s difficulties
d. confront patients about examples of resistance
e. genuinely express their own true feelings
E

What would be most helpful for encouraging adults with intellectual disability to make their beds every morning?
a. systematic desensitization
b. free association
c. a token economy
d. aversive conditioning
e. cognitive therapy
C

Which of the following techniques is derived from classical conditioning principles?
a. transference
b. stress inoculation training
c. ECT
d. systematic desensitization
e. the token economy
D

Psychological disorders that researchers believe are learned, such as phobias, are most likely to be treated with
a. aversive conditioning.
b. psychotherapy.
c. meta-analysis.
d. psychoanalysis.
e. transference.
B

Just as Austin began telling his therapist about a painful childhood experience, he complained of a headache and abruptly ended the session. A psychoanalyst would most likely suggest that Austin’s behavior is an example of
a. tardive dyskinesia.
b. counterconditioning.
c. resistance.
d. fixation.
e. transference.
C

Humanistic therapists are most likely to
a. help clients identify a hierarchy of anxiety-arousing experiences.
b. focus special attention on clients’ positive and negative feelings toward their therapists.
c. emphasize the importance of self-awareness for psychological adjustment.
d. use a wide variety of psychological theories and therapeutic methods.
e. encourage clients to carefully observe the consequences of their maladaptive behaviors.
C

Which of the following treatments is most likely to be used only with severely depressed patients?
a. electroconvulsive therapy
b. psychoanalysis
c. systematic desensitization
d. stress inoculation training
e. drug therapy
A

Dr. Volz is a researcher who wants to distinguish between the direct effects of a new antianxiety medication and effects arising from expectations of the drug’s effectiveness. Dr. Volz is most likely to use
a. the double-blind procedure.
b. systematic desensitization.
c. virtual reality exposure therapy.
d. EMDR.
e. meta-analysis.
A

Which form of psychotherapy is especially effective in coping with depression and reducing suicide risk?
a. psychoanalysis
b. facilitated communication
c. insight therapy
d. cognitive therapy
e. behavior therapy
D

Alex feels so hopeless and depressed that he has recently thought about taking his own life. The drug most likely to prove beneficial to him is
a. Prozac.
b. Thorazine.
c. Xanax.
d. Ativan.
e. Risperdal.
A

By overestimating the actual benefits of their psychotherapeutic treatment, clients are most likely attempting to satisfy their motivation for
a. free association.
b. meta-analysis.
c. a token economy.
d. self-justification.
e. light exposure therapy.
D

The best psychotherapy outcome studies are randomized clinical trials comparing treatment groups with ________ groups.
a. token economy
b. experimental
c. eclectic
d. virtual reality
e. control
E

Clients often stay in touch with their psychotherapists only if satisfied with the treatment they received. This helps us understand why therapists
a. tend to overestimate the effectiveness of psychotherapy.
b. interpret patients’ transference early in the course of therapy.
c. believe that biomedical therapies are more effective in the long run.
d. typically take an eclectic approach to therapy.
e. prefer client-centered therapy over other forms of treatment.
A

One group of ocean voyagers is given a new but untested pill for seasickness and a second group is given an inactive pill. Neither the voyagers nor the experimental researchers know which group has received the new pill. In this experiment, the investigators are making use of
a. the double-blind procedure.
b. systematic desensitization.
c. regression toward the mean.
d. meta-analysis.
e. counterconditioning.
A

Which drug has provided the most help to schizophrenia patients experiencing auditory hallucinations and paranoia?
a. lithium
b. Ativan
c. Xanax
d. Thorazine
e. Prozac
D

Controlled research studies indicate that the value of EMDR is in part due to the effectiveness of
a. active listening.
b. the double-blind procedure.
c. free association.
d. exposure therapy.
e. meta-analysis.
D

Because she mistakenly thought that completing a diagnostic test was a therapeutic treatment for her anxiety disorder, Mrs. Shyam felt considerable relief for several weeks following the test. Mrs. Shyam’s reaction best illustrates
a. the double-blind procedure.
b. transference.
c. systematic desensitization.
d. resilience.
e. the placebo effect.
E

MRI-guided precision surgery is occasionally done to cut the brain circuits involved in severe cases of
a. schizophrenia.
b. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
c. depression.
d. post-traumatic stress disorder.
e. bipolar disorder.
B

Tardive dyskinesia is often associated with long-term use of drugs that occupy certain ________ receptor sites.
a. endocrine
b. dopamine
c. acetylcholine
d. norepinephrine
e. serotonin
B

Rapidly moving one’s eyes while recalling traumatic experiences is most descriptive of
a. virtual reality exposure therapy.
b. EMDR.
c. TMS.
d. free association.
e. systematic desensitization.
B

Of the following individuals, who is most likely to benefit from therapeutic drugs that block receptor sites for dopamine?
a. Amir, who complains about feeling tense and fearful most of the time but doesn’t know why
b. Matthew, who feels hopeless and lethargic after losing his job
c. Betsy, who hears imaginary voices telling her she will soon be killed
d. John Carl, who feels he has to wash his hands three times every hour
e. Marcella, who is so obsessed with fear of a heart attack that she frequently counts her heartbeats aloud
C

Which therapeutic specialists are most likely to have received a Ph.D. degree in psychology?
a. psychopharmacologists
b. clinical psychologists
c. family therapists
d. psychiatrists
e. pastoral counselors
B

Prozac is an antidepressant drug that partially blocks the reabsorption and removal of ________ from synapses.
a. acetylcholine
b. serotonin
c. dopamine
d. chlorpromazine
e. thorazine
B

Antidepressant drugs are increasingly being prescribed for the treatment of
a. anxiety disorders.
b. antisocial personality disorder.
c. auditory hallucinations.
d. tardive dyskinesia.
e. delusions.
A

A possible explanation for the effectiveness of ________ is that it may reduce depression by triggering the long-term potentiation of frontal lobe nerve cells.
a. psychosurgery
b. tardive dyskinesia
c. rTMS
d. EMDR
e. Xanax
C

Which of the following is most likely to contribute to inflated perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy?
a. regression toward the mean
b. the double-blind procedure
c. psychopharmacology
d. free association
e. meta-analysis
A

Therapy outcome studies indicate that highly religious people may prefer and benefit from
a. psychodynamic therapists.
b. nonreligious, scientifically oriented therapists.
c. resilience training.
d. therapists with similar religious beliefs.
e. biomedical therapies rather than talk therapies.
D

An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference. Psychoanalysis A psychoanalytic technique in which clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur, with as …

1. Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is A. aggressive, persistent, and intentional. B. selfish, habitual, and avoidable. C. deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional. D. biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, and difficult to change. C 2. Ongoing patterns of …

1. Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is A. aggressive, persistent, and intentional. B. selfish, habitual, and avoidable. C. deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional. D. biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, and difficult to change. C 2. Ongoing patterns of …

psychopathology Patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladaptive, disruptive, or uncomfortable for those who are a?ected or for those with whom they come in contact.Guy who washes his hands and cleans himself all the time so he doesn’t …

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