Heart Saver/ first-aid and CPR/ AED

Asking to Give First AID
STEP 1 Introuduce your self as a first aid provider if victim is responding as if you can help be for touching
STEP 2 If the person agrees you may give first aid
STEP 3 If person refuses your help phone for your emergency response number and stay with the victim untill help arrives
STEP 4 If the person is confused or cannot answer assume that he would want you to help

Washing Hands
STEP 1 wet your hands with clean running water (warm if Avalible) and apply soap
STEP 2 Rub hands together and rub all surfaces of hands and fingers for at least 20 seconds
STEP 3 Rinse hands with lots of running water
STEP 4 Dry your hands using a paper towel or air dryer if possible use paper towel to turn off the Faucet

Universal Precautions
STEP 1 wear personal protective equipment whenever necessary
STEP 2 Place all disposable equipment that has touched blood or body fluids containing blood in a biohazard waste bag
STEP 3 To dispose of the biohazard waste bag follow your companys plan for disposing of hazardous waste
STEP 4 Wash your hands with lots of water and soap after taking off your gloves

Exsposure to blood
STEP 1 if you are wearing glves take them off
STEP 2 immediately wash your hands and the contact area with soap and lots of water
STEP 3 If body fluids have splattered in your eyes, nose, or the inside of your mouth rinse these ares with lots of water
STEP 4 Tell your companys emergency repsonse program supervisor wha thappend as soon as possibel then contact a health care professional

Taking off gloves
STEP 1 grip 1 glove on the outside of the glove near the cull and peel it down until it comes off inside out
STEP 2 cup it with your other gloved hand
STEP 3 place two fingers of your bare hand inside the cuff of the glove that is still on your hand
STEP 4 peel that glove off so that it comes off inside out with the first glove inside it
STEP 5 if there is blood ont he gloves dispose of the glvoes properly
put them in a biohazard waste bag or as required by your work place
If you do not have a biohazard waste bag put the gloves in a plastic bag that can be sealed before you dispose of it
STEP 6 wash your hands after you give first aid so that you do not spread germ

Phone for help (alone)
STEP 1 yell for help while you start to check the ill or injured person
STEP 2 if no one answers your yell and immediate care isnt needed
A: leave for a moment while you phone your emergence response number
B: get the first aid kit and automated external defibrillator (AED) if avaliable
Step 3 return to the ill or injured person

Phone for Help (with others)
STEP 1 stay with the ill or injured person and be prepared to give first aid or CPR if you know how
STEP 2 Send someone else to Phone your emergency response number (911) and get the first aid kit and AED if avaliable

Finding the Problem
STEP 1 check to see if the seen is safe as you approach the victim
STEP 2 tap the person and Shout “are you ok ”
if the person responds tell the person you are there to help and ask if you can help and what is the problem
If the person does not respond phone your emergency response number (911) and get the first aid kit and AED
STEP 3 Check if the person is breathing if is not breathing begin CPR and use and AED if you know how
if you dont know CPR give hands only CPR
Step 4 look for obviouse signs of injury, succh as bleeding, broken bones, burns, or bites
STEP 5 Finally look for medical information jewelry

First aid kit Standards
1 important emergency numbers
2 absorbent compress
3 adhesive bandage
4 adhesive tape
5 antibiotic treatment
6 Antiseptic swab
7 antiseptic wipe
8 antiseptic towelette
9 bandage compress 2in
10 bandage compress 3in
11 bandage compress 4in
12 burn dressing
13 burn treatment
14 CPR barrier
15 cold pack
16 eye covering with means of attechment
17 eye/skin wash
18 gloves
19 Roller bandage 4in
20 roller bandage 2in
21 sterile pad
22 Triangular bandage
23 Heartsave first aid quick reference Guid

General Breathing Problems
1 is breathing very fast or very slow
2 is having trouble with every breath
3 has noisy breathing you hear a whistle as the air leaves the lungs
4 can only make sounds or speak no more than a few words at a time in between breaths although trying to say more

Assembling and Using an Inhaler
STEP 1 shake the medicine
STEP 2 put the medicine into the medicine chamber
STEP 3 remove the cap from the mouthpiece
STEP 4 attach a spacer if there is one avaliable and if you know how
STEP 5 tilt the persons head back slightly and have him breath out slowly
STEP 6 put the inhaler or spacer in the persons mouth
STEP 7 push down ont he top of the medicine canister have the person breath in slowly and deeply as you push down
STEP 8 have the person hole his breath for 10 seconds and then breath out slowly

How to help someone with breathing problems
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 ask the person if they have medicine if she needs her medicine but is to sick to get it them selves get it for them
STEP 3 Ask the person if you have the right medicine
STEP 4 Assembel and use the inhaler
STEP 5 Phone the emergency response number or (911)
if the person has no medicine
the person does not get better after using their medicine
the person breathing gets worse the person has trouble speaking or the person stops responding
STEP 6stay with the person until someone with more advanced training arrives and take over
STEP 7 see if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you do not know how give hands-only CPR

Mild Choking
1 can make sounds
2 can cough loudly
STEP 1 stand by and let her cough
STEP2 if worried about their breathing phone your emergency response number or (911)

Severe Choking
1 cannot breath
2 has a cough that has no sound
3 cannot take or make a sound
4 Makes the choking sign

How to Help a Choking Adult
STEP 1 if you think some one is choking aske ” are you choking?” if they nod yes tell them your are going to help
STEP 2 Get behind them wrap your arms around them so that your hands are in front
STEP 3 Make a fist with one hand
STEP 4 put the thumb side of your fist slightly above their belly button and well below the breast bone
STEP 5 Grasp the fist with your other hand and giv ea quick upward thrust into their abdomen
STEP 6 give thrust until the object is force out and he can breathe, cough, or talk, or until they stop responding

If the victim is pregent give thrust to the chest or if if you can not reach your arms around the victim

How to help a Choking adult who stops Responding
STEP 1 check if they need CPR give it if needed and if you know how. If you dont know how give hand-only CPR
STEP 2 Check the mouth for objects after each set of 30 Compressions
STEP 3 Continue CPR until he speaks moves or breaths or until someone with more advanced traing arrives and takes over

Using EPinephrin Pens
STEP 1 Get the prescribed Epi Pen
STEP 2 Take off safety cap Follow the instructions on the pen
STEP 3 Hold the Epi pen in your fist with out touching either end because the needle come out of one end
STEP 4 Push the end with the need hard against the side of the persons thigh about halfway between the hip and knee give the injection through clothes or on bare skin
STEP 5 hold the pen in place for about 10 seconds
STEP 6 remove the needle by pulling the pen straight out

Mild Allergic Reactions
1 a stuffy nose, sneezing, and itching around the eyes
2 itching of the skin
3 raised red rash on the skin ( hives)

Sever Allergic reactions
1 trouble breathing
2 swelling of the tounge and face
3 signs of shock
STEP 1 Make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 Phone or send someone to phone your emergency response number (or 911) and get the first aid kit
STEP 3 If the person responds and has an Epi pen help them get it, ask them to use it
STEP 4 If they cant use it themselves and if your allowed use the Epi pen to give him an injection
STEP 5 Rub the injection spot for about 10 seconds
STEP 6 after using the Epi pen dispose of it properly
STEP 7 See if the person need CPR if he does give CPR. If you dont know how, give hands-only CPR
STEP 8 See if the person needs CPR. If they do give CPR. If you do not know how give hands-only CPR

Heart Attack
STEP 1 make sure the person stays calm and rests
STEP 2 Phone or have some one phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 Ask some one to get the first aid kit and AED if avaliable
STEP 4 if the person has no allergy to asprin no serious bleeding and no signs of a stroke give him an asprin ( either 2 low does asprin or 1 regular)
STEP 5 see if the person needs CPR If he does give CPR if you done know how give Hands-only CPR

Fainting (dizzy responding)
STEP 1 Make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 Help the person lie flat on the floor
STEP 3 if the person does not improve or stops responding phone your emergency repsonse number or (911)

Fainting ( faints then starts responding
STEP 1 ask the person to continue to lie flat on the floor until he can sit up and feels normal
STEP 2 if the person fell, look for injuries caused by the fall
STEP 3 Phone your emergency response number or (911)

Diabetes and low blood sugar ( signs)
1 a change in behavior such as confusion or irritability
2 sleepiness or not responding
3 hunger thrist or weakness
4 sweating pale skin color
5 a seizure

Diabetes and low blood sugar
STEP 1 if the person can sit up and swallow give him something that contains sugar to eat or drink
STEP 2 have him sit quietly or lie down
STEP 3 Phone or have someone phone your emergency response number or (911)

Stroke
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 Phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911) and get the first aid kit and an AED if available
STEP 3 note the time when the signs of stroke first appeared
STEP 4 See if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you dont know how give hands-only CPR

During a Seizure
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 protect the person
1 moving furniture or other objects out of the way
2 placing a small pad or towel under the persons head if its easy to do so
STEP 3 Phone your companys emergency response number or (911)

After a Seizure
STEP 1 see if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you dont know how give Hands-only CPR
STEP 2 Stay with the person until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
STEP 3 if the person is vomiting or has fluids in his mouth and you think the person dosent have a head, spine, or neck injury, roll him on his side

Person in Shock symptoms
1 feel weak, faint or dizzy
2 feel nauseous or thirsty
3 have pale grayishe skin
4 act restless agitated or confused
5 be cold and clammy to the touch

Shock
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 phone or send someone to phone your companys emergency response number or (911) and get the first aid kit and AED
STEP 3 help the person lie on their back
STEP 4 cover the person in shock to keep them warm
STEP 5 see if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you do not know how give hands-only CPR

Phone for help for bleeding you can see
1 if there is a lot of bleeding
2 you cannot stop the bleeding
3 you see signs of shock
4 you suspect a head, neck or spine injury
5 you are not sure what to do

Bleeding you can see
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 put a dressing on the wound apply direct pressure on the dressing use the flat part of your fingers or the palm of your hand
STEP 3 if the bleeding does not stop add more dressing on top of the first and press harder
STEP 4 keep pressure on the wound untill it stops bleeding
STEP 5 if you cant keep pressure on the wound wrap a bandage firmly over the dressing to hold the dressing in place

Bandaging
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit and wear PPE
STEP 2 use direct pressure with gauze pads/ dressing if available to stop any bleeding
STEP 3 apply the bandage over the dressing

using tourniquets (premade)
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe phone your emergency response number of (911) WEAR PPE
STEP 2 place the tourniquet 2 in above the injury if possible
STEP 3 tighten the tourquet until the bleeding stops
STEP 4 note what time you put the tourniquet on
STEP 5 get medical help as soon as possible
STEP 6 leave the tourniquet on until someone with more advanced training takes over

using tourniquets ( hand made)
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe wear PPE
STEP 2 fold cloth or bandage so that its long and at least 1in wide
STEP 3 wrap the bandage 2in above injury if possible
STEP 4 tie the ends of the bandage around a stick ( or something similar)
STEP 5 Turn the stick to tighten the tourniquet
STEP 6 continue tightening until bleeding stops
STEP 7 secure the stick so the tourniquet stays tight
STEP 8 note what time the tourniquet was placed
STEP 9 get medical help as soon as possible

Bleeding from the nose
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 press both sides of the nostrils while the person sits and leans forward
STEP 3 place constant pressure on both sides of the nostrils for a few minutes until the bleeding stops
STEP 4 if bleeding continues press harder
STEP 5 phone your emergency response number or (911) if
1 you cant stop the bleeding in about 15 minutes
2 the bleeding is heavy such as gushing blood
3 the person has trouble breathing

Bleeding from the mouth
STEP 1 make sure that the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 If you can easily reach the bleeding apply pressure to the area with dressings
STEP 3 Phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911) if
1 you cant stop the bleeding
2 the person has trouble breathing

Tooth injuries
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit Wear PPE
STEP 2 Check the mouth for any missing teeth loose teeth or parts of teeth
STEP 3 clean the wound with saline or clean water
STEP 4 if a tooth is loose have the person bite down on a piece of gauze to keep the tooth in place and call a dentist
STEP 5 if a tooth is chipped gently clean the injured area and call a dentist
STEP 6 Apply pressure with qauze to stop any bleeding at the empty tooth socket
STEP 7 if a tooth has come out put the tooth in a cup of milk or clean water and immediately take the injured person and tooth to a dentist or emergency department
STEP 8 tell the person to talk with a dentist if a tooth changes color after an injury

Eye injuries
STEP 1 Make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit WEAR PPE
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911) if the eye is hit hard or punctured tell the person to keep her eyes closed
STEP 3 If there is an irritant such as sand in the eye use water to rinse the eye
STEP 4 if the irritant does not come out or it the person is in extreme pain phone or ask some one to phone your emergency response number or (911) tell the person to keep their eyes closed

Penetrating and Puncturing objects
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 Phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 Stop any bleeding you can see
STEP 4 Try to keep the injured person from moving

Amputation protection
STEP 1 rinse the amputated part with clean water
STEP 2 cover or wrap the amputated part with a clean dressing
STEP 3 if it will fit place the amputated part in a watertight plastic bag
STEP 4 Place that bag in another container with ice and water label it with the injured persons name, date, and time
STEP 5 make sure it is sent to the hospital with the injured person

Amputation First AID
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit and AED Wear PPE
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 Stop the bleeding from the injured area with pressure you will have to press for a long time with very firm pressure to stop the bleeding
STEP 4 If you find the amputated part protect it
STEP 5 Stay with the injured person until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over

Bleeding you cant see
STEP 1 make sure that the scene is safe get the first kit and AED wear PPE
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 have the person lie down and keep still
STEP 4 check for signs of shock
STEP 5 see if the person needs CPR, if they do give CPR if you dont know how give hands-only CPR

Head, neck, and spine injuries
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 minimise movement of the head and neck

Broken Bone and Sprains
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 cover any open wound with a clean dressing
STEP 3 put a plastic bag filled with ice and water on the injured area with a towel between the ice bag and the skin for up to 20 minutes
STEP 4 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
1 there is a large open wound
2 the injured part is abnormally bent
3 youre not sure what to do
STEP 5 if an injured body part hurts the person should avoid using it untill checked by a health care provider

Splinting
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 To make the splint use something that will keep the arm or leg from moving
STEP 3 ideally place the splint so that it extends beyond the injured area and supports the joints above and below the injury
STEP 4 tie the splint to the injured body part so that it supports the injured area use tape, gauze, or cloth to secure it
STEP 5

self splinting arm
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 have the injured person place their hand across their chest and hold it in place with his other arm

Burns Small
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 If the burn area is small cool it immediately with cold but not ice cold water run cold water on the burn until it dosent hurt
STEP 3 You may cover teh burn with a dry nonswtick sterile or clean dressing

Large Burns
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit phone your emergency response number (or 911)
STEP 2 if ther person is on fire put the fire out
STEP 3 remove jewelry and clothing that is not stuck to the skin
STEP 4 cover the person with a dry blanket
STEP 5 check for signs of shock

electrical injuries
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit and AED wear PPE
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 when it is safe to touch the injured person see it he need CPR if they do give CPR if you do not give hands-only CPR
STEP 4 a health care provider should check everyone who has an electrical injury

Snake Bite
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 ask another adult to move any other people inside or away from the are and phone your emergency response number
STEP 3 ask the bittin person to be still and calm tell him to avoid moving the part of the body that was bitten
STEP 4 Remove any tight clothing and jewelry
STEP 5 Gently wash the bite with running water and soap if available

Animal and human Bites
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 for animal bite phone or send someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 clean the wound with a lot of running water soap if possible
STEP 4 stop any bleeding with pressure and dressing
STEP 5 for all bites that break the skin call a healthcare provider
STEP 6 if there is a bruise or swelling place a bag of ice and water wrapped in a towel on the bite for up to 20 minutes

Insect, bee, and spider bites
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 phone or send someone to phone your emergency response number or (911) and get the first aid kit
1 the person has signs of a sever allergic reaction
2 the person tells you that she has a sever allergic reaction to insect bites or stings get the person epi pen if they have one
STEP 3 If a bee stung the person
1 look for the stinger
2 scrape away the stinger and venom sac by using something with a dull edge such as a credit card
STEP 4 wash the bite or sting area with a lot of running water and soap if possible
STEP 5 put a bag of ice and water wrapped in a towel or cloth over the bite or sting area for up to 20 minutes
STEP 6 watch the person for at least 30 minutes for signs of an allergic reaction

poisonous spider and scorpion bites and stings
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 wash the bite with a lot of running water ( and soap if available)
STEP 4 Put a bag of ice and water wrapped in a towel or cloth on the bite
STEP 5 See if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you don’t know how give hands-only CPR

Ticks
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 grab the tick by its mouth or head as close to the skin as possible with tweezers or a tick-removing device
STEP 3 life the tick straight out without twisting or squeezing its body. If you lift the tic until the person skin tents and wait for several seconds the tick may let go.
STEP 4 wash the bite with running water and soap if possible
STEP 5 See a health care provider if you are in an area where tick borne diseases occur if possible place the tick in a plastic bag and give it to the health care provider.

heat cramps
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 have the person with heat cramps rest and cool off
STEP 3 have the person drink something that contains sugar and electrolytes such as juice or a sports drink or water if the others aren’t available

Heat Exhaustion
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 have the person lie down in a cool place
STEP 4 remove as much of the persons clothing as possible
STEP 5 cool the person with a cool water spray
STEP 6 if cool water spray is not available place a cool damp cloths on the neck, armpit, and groin area
STEP 7 have the person drink something that contains sugar of electrolytes such as juice or a sports drink or water if the others aren’t available.

heat stroke
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit and AED wear PPE
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 put the person in cool water up to their neck if possible
STEP 4 see if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you don’t know how give hands-only CPR

Frostbite
STEP 1 move the person to a warm place
STEP 2 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 remove any tight clothing or jewelry from the frostbitten part
STEP 4 remove with clothing and pat the body dry put dry clothes on the person and cover the person with a blanket
STEP 5 do not try to thaw the frozen part if you think there may be a chance of refreezing

low body temperature (hypothermia)
STEP 1 get the person out of the cold
STEP 2 remove wet clothing and pat the body dry put dry clothes on the person and cover the person with a blanket
STEP 3 phone or ask someone to phone your emergency response number or (911) and get the first aid kit and AED if available
STEP 4 wrap the person up with anything you have – clothing, towels, newspaper, etc. cover the head but not the face
STEP 5 see if the person needs CPR if they do give CPR if you don’t know how give hands-only CPR

scene safety for poison emergencies
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe before you approach
STEP 2 if the scene seems unsafe do not approach tell everyone to move away
STEP 3 look for signs that warn you that poisons are nearby
STEP 4 look for spilled or leaking containers
STEP 5 stay out of the area with the poison if you see more than 1 victim
STEP 6 if you approach the scene wear appropriate protective equipment

removing poisons
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 help the person take off contaminated clothing and jewelry
STEP 3 quickly help the person to a safety shower or eyewash station if they respond and can move
STEP 4 brush off any dry powder or solid substance from the skin with your gloved hand
STEP 5 rinse the contaminated areas with a lot of water for at least 20 minutes or until someone with more training arrives and takes over

Other First aid and Poison emergency
STEP 1 make sure the scene Is safe get the first aid kit wear PPE
STEP 2 send someone to phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 3 tell the dispatcher the name of the poison if possible
STEP 4 remove the poison if possible
STEP 5 move the person from the scene of the poison if you can
STEP 6 help the person move to an area with fresh air if possible
STEP 7 send someone to get the material safety data sheep (MSDS) is available

Compressions for an adult
STEP 1 make sure the person is lying on their back on a firm flat surface
STEP 2 move the clothes out of the way
STEP 3 put the heel of 1 hand on the lower half on the breastbone put the heel of your other hand on top of the first
STEP 4 push straight down at least 2 in at a rate of 100 compressions a minute
STEP 5 after each compression let the chest come back up to its normal position

Giving Breaths ( opening the air way) adult
STEP 1 put 1 hand on the forehead and the fingers of your other on the bony part of the chin
STEP 2 tilt the head back and lift the chin

Giving the Breaths adult
STEP 1 while holding the airway open inch the nose closed
STEP 2 take a breath cover the persons mouth with your mouth
STEP 3 Give two breaths ( 1sec each) watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath

giving breaths with a mask adult
STEP 1 put the mask over the persons mouth and nose
STEP 2 tilt head and lift the chin while pressing the mask against the persons face it is important to make an airtight seal between the persons face and the mask while you lift the chin to keep the airway open
STEP 3 Give to breaths ( 1 sec each ) watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath

Using a AED for an adult
STEP 1 turn AED on
STEP 2 Follow the prompts you see and hear

Adult CPR
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 tap and shout
STEP 3 yell for help you or someone else should phone the emergency response number or (911) and get the AED
STEP 4 check breathing
STEP 5 If the person isn’t breathing or is only gasping give CPR
STEP 6 Give 30 compressions at a rate of a least 100 a minute and depth of at least 2in after each compression let the chest come back up to its normal position
STEP 7 open the airway and give 2 breaths
STEP 8 keep giving set of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the AED arrives, or the person starts to responds or trained help arrives and takes over

Compression for a child
STEP 1 make sure the child is lying on her back on a firm flat surface
STEP 2 move clothes out of the way
STEP 3 put the heel of 1 hand on the lower half of the breast bone
STEP 4 push straight down about 2 in at a rate of at least 100 per minute
STEP 5 after each compression let the chest come back up to its normal position

opening the airway for a child
STEP 1 put 1 hand on the forehead and the fingers of our other hand on the bony par of the child’s chin
STEP 2 tilt the head back and lift the chin

Giving breaths to a child
STEP 1 while holding the airway open pinch the nose closed
STEP 2 Take a breath cover the child’s mouth with your mouth
STEP 3 give 2 breaths ( blow for 1 second each) watch the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath

Using a Mask on a child
STEP 1 put the mask over the child’s mouth and nose
STEP 2 tilt the head and lift the child’s while pressing the mask against the child’s face. It is important to make an airtight seal between the child’s face and the mask while you lift the chin to keep the airway open
STEP 3 give two breaths watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath

AED for a Child
STEP 1 turn the AED on
STEP 2 look for the child pads for a child key or switch
STEP 3 use the child pads or turn the child key or switch
STEP 4 follow the prompts you see and hear

Child CPR
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 tap and shout
STEP 3 yell for help
STEP 4 check breathing
STEP 5 If the child isn’t responding and either isn’t breathing or is only gasping give 5 sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths then phone 911 and get an AED
STEP 6 keep giving sets of compressions and breaths until the child starts to speak, breath, or move, or until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over

Choking child
STEP 1 if you think a child is choking ask ” are you choking” if they nod yes tell them you are going to help
STEP 2 get behind them wrap your arms around them so that your hands are in front
STEP 3 make a fist with 1 hand
STEP 4 put the thumb side of your fist slightly above the belly button and well below the breast bone
STEP 5 grasp the first with your other hand and give a quick upward thrust into the abdomen
STEP 6 give thrust until the object is forced out and he can breathe, cough, or talk, or until he stops responding

Child who stops responding
STEP 1 lower the child to a firm flat surface
STEP 2 tap and shout
STEP 3 yell for help
STEP 4 check breathing
STEP 5 give 30 compressions
STEP 6 after 30 compressions open the airway if you see an object in the mouth take it out
STEP 7 give 2 breaths
STEP 8 repeat giving 30 compressions and 2 breaths checking the mouth for objects after each set of compressions
STEP 9 after 5 sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths phone your emergency response number or 911 and get an AED
STEP 10 give sets of 30 compressions and 3 breaths checking the mouth for objects after each set of compressions until the child starts to respond or until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over

Compressions for an Infant
STEP 1 make sure the infant is lying on their back on a firm flat surface if possible
STEP 2 move clothes out of the way
STEP 3 put 2 fingers of one hand on the breast bone just below the nipple line
STEP 4 press the infants chest straight down about 1 1/2 in at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute
STEP 5 after each compression let the chest come back up to its normal position

Opening the airway for an infant
STEP 1 put 1 hand on the forehead and the fingers of your other on the bony part of the infants chin
STEP 2 tilt the head back and lift the chin

Giving breaths to an infant
STEP 1 while holding the infants airway open take a normal breath
STEP 2 cover the infants mouth and nose with your mouth
STEP 3 give 2 breaths ( 1 sec each ) watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath

Using an mask on an Infant
STEP 1 put the mask over the infants mouth and nose
STEP 2 tilt the head and lift the child’s while pressing the mask against the infants face. It is important to make an airtight seal between the infants face and the mask while you lift the chin to keep the airway open
STEP 3 give 2 breaths watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give breath

Infant CPR
STEP 1 make sure the scene is safe
STEP 2 tap and shout
STEP 3yell for help
STEP 4 check breathing
STEP 5 if the infant is nor responding and either isn’t breathing or is only gasping give 5 sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths and then phone 911
STEP 6 keep giving sets of compressions and breaths until the infant starts to breath or move or until someone with more advanced training arrives and take over

How to help a choking infant
STEP 1 hold the infant facedown on your forearm support the infants head and jaw with your and
STEP 2 give up to five back slaps with the heel of your other hand between the infants shoulder blades
STEP 3 if the object does not come out after 5 back slaps turn the infant onto his back supporting the head
STEP 4 give up to 5 chest thrust using 2 fingers of your other hand to push the chest in the same place you push during CPR
STEP 5 repeat giving 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrust until the infant can breathe, cough, or cry until he stops responding

choking infant who stops responding
STEP 1 place the infant face up on a firm surface above the ground such as a table
STEP 2 tap and shout
STEP 3 yell for help
STEP 4 check breathing
STEP 5 compress the chest 30 times
STEP 6 after 30 compressions open the airway if you see an object in the mouth take it out
STEP 7 give 2 breaths
STEP 8 repeat giving sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths checking the mouth for objects after each set of compressions
STEP 9 after 5 sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths phone your emergency response number or (911)
STEP 10 give sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths checking the mouth for objects after each set of compressions until the infant starts to respond or until someone with advanced training arrives and takes over

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