Chapter 17:10 providing first aid for specific injuries

Briefly describe 2 techniques that can be used to remove a foreign object that is floying free in the eye
Gently draw the upper lid down over the lower lid to have the patient produce natural tears. Or use water to flush the eye gently

If the object is embedded in the eye, what first aid should be given?
Do not attempt to remove it, obtain medical help. Apply a dry, sterile dressing

List the steps of first aid treatment that should be followed when an object is protruding from the eye
Don’t attempt to remove it, support it by loosely applying dressings to both eyes. Avoid adding pressure, keep the patient lying on his/her back, obtain medical help immediately

How should you care for tissue torn from the ear?
Save the tissue and wrap it in moistened gauze from sterile cool water or normal saline. Put the tissue then in a plastic bag to keep it cooled and moist. Then send the tissue with the patient

How should you position a victim with cerebrospinal fluid draining from the ear?
Keep the victim lying down. If possible, turn them on their injured side and elevate the head and shoulders slightly to allow the fluid to drain

List 6 S&S of injuries to the brain
Loss of consciousness, headache, visual disturbances, pupils unequal in size, muscle paralysis, speech disturbances

List 4 aspects of first aid care for victims with brain injuries
Keep victim lying flat and treat for shock, watch closely for signs of respiratory distress and provide artificial respirations if needed, make no attempt to stop the flow of fluids, do not give the victim any liquids

List 3 causes of an epistasis, or nosebleed
Change in altitude, strenuous activity, high BP

How should you position a victim with an epistasis?
If possible, place the victim in a sitting position w/the head leaning slightly forward

What type of dressing should be applied to a sucking chest wound? Why?
Airtight dressing to prevent airflow coming into the wound

How should you position a victim with a sucking chest wound?
On his or her injured side and elevate the head and chest slightly

List 4 S&S of abdominal injuries
Severe abdominal pain or tenderness, protruding organs, symptoms of shock, open wounds, nausea and vomiting

How should you position a victim with an abdominal injury
Flat on his/her back. Bend knees slightly and elevate the head and shoulders slightly

How should you care for abdominal organs protruding from a wound?
Remove the victims clothing and place a large sterile dressing moistened with sterile water or normal saline over the exposed organs

List 4 principles of first aid for injuries to genital organs
Treat for shock, use cold compress to decrease bleeding and relieve pain, obtain medical help, control severe bleeding by using a sterile dressing to apply direct pressure on the area

When repositioning an immobile patient, the nurse notices redness over a bony prominence. What is indicated when a reddened area blanches on fingertip touch? A. A local skin infection requiring antibiotics B. Sensitive skin that requires special bed linen C. …

The nurse receives report on 4 clients. Which client should the nurse see first? 1. Client admitted 12 hours ago with acute asthma exacerbation who needs a dose of IV methylprednisolone [21%] 2. Client admitted 2 days ago with congestive …

When repositioning an immobile patient, the nurse notices redness over a bony prominence. What is indicated when a reddened area blanches on fingertip touch? A. A local skin infection requiring antibiotics B. Sensitive skin that requires special bed linen C. …

The vagina and the neck of the uterus comprise the: A. Womb. B. Cervix. C. Fundus. D. Birth Canal. D. Birth Canal. 1108 From what internal female organ is the fetus expelled during delivery? A. Vagina. B. Uterus. C. Cervix. …

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