2. people ahead of you have right away – you need to avoid them. 3. Do not stop where you obstruct a trail or are not visible from above. 4. When merging into a trail, look uphill and yield to the others. 5. Use safety devices to prevent runaway equipment (bindings with brakes)
6. Observe all signs and warnings and stay off closed trails and out of closed areas. 7. Know how to load/ride/safety procedures on the ski lifts.
1. Look before you leap (know the park well before you ride the features – inspect the run/park or pipe. Make sure landings are clear, use spotter on features where you can’t see the landing – use signals to indicate landings are clear)
2. Easy styles it (work on small features and work your way up to bigger ones. Warm up and monitor your energy levels so you don’t get hurt)
3. Respect gets respect (Use in all stages of your park experience from lift line to features – understand rules and procedures – get in line and call out “dropping” so everyone knows you are next.
Most teaching progressions include flatland movements, straight runs, gliding wedges, wedge turns, christies, wedge christies, skidded parallel turns and carved parallel turns.
2. US Ski Coaches Association developed to certify and educate ski coaches and athletes
3. US Ski and Snowboard Association – The national governing body for Olympic skiing and Snowboarding – they provide a pathway for aspiring young athletes to develop their skills through competitions and programs that provide them with opportunities to achieve athletic success.
4. The National Ski Patrol – voluntary organization that promotes safety in snow sports and trains and certifies volunteer ski patrollers.
2. Carving skis – narrow waist and wide tip and tail
3. All-Mountain Skiis – variety of flexes and side cuts
4. Racing skis – designed for high speeds and hard snow – stiff flex
5. Twin-tip skis – turned up at the tip and tail and designed for jumps, rails and half pipes.
Fasten skiis together with breaks and carry in front holding binding or over shoulder – carry poles in other hand with point down.
Endurance: for the stamina to enjoy a full day of skiing
Flexibility: for a complete range of movement and to prevent injury
Warm up – calf stretch, Hamstring stretch, quad stretch, lower back stretch
T-Bar- rotating lift designed to handle two people. To grab the bar, flex your knees slightly but do not sit down or lean back. Stay erect. Wen you reach the top the second person off should gently release the T0bar and move away from unloading area.
Platter (Poma) – similar to t-bar but they have a disk that can be grabbed with your hands and place between your legs.
Chairlifts – get in line and watch for the chair to come up behind you. Once in the chair distribute your weight evenly and lower the safety bar. Do not bounce or swing chair. To exit, move to the edge of the chair and get your weight forward on the chair. Lief the bar and position your weight over both feet and stand up.
Trail Closed shows a skier with a line through it – no skiing here
Caution is a big orange exclamation point
Green Circle – Beginner
Blue Square – Intermediate
Black Diamond – Advanced
Double Black Diamond – Very Advanced
fatigue, confusion and irritability; poor judgement
stumbling and/or falling
sleepiness; loss of consciousness
*Warm the person by zipping him or her into a sleeping bag
*If the victim is conscious, give high-energy foods and warm liquids
*Place water bottles filled with warm fluid in the victim’s armpit and groin areas.
*With advanced hypothermia, help the victim breathe warm, moist air.
To treat frostnip, move the victim into a tent or building then warm the injured area. If an ear or cheek is frozen, remove a glove and warm the injury with the palm of your hand. Slip frostnipped hand under your clothing and tuck it beneath armpit. Treat frostnipped toes by putting the victim’s bare feet against the warm skin of your belly.
1. Summon medical help
2. Keep the victim lying down with the feet slightly elevated.
3. Prevent loss of body heat by wrapping the victim in blankets or warm clothing.
4. Keep the airway open, and perform rescue breating if needed. If the victim is conscious, give water.
I = Ice
C = Compression
E = Elevation
1. Keep the area above and below the injury still and stable.
2. Check for circulation (feeling, warmth, color).
3. Extend splints beyond the joint above and the joint below the suspected injury. Minimize movement while applying splints by providing support above and below the fracture.
4. Secure splints with bandages, neckerchiefs, or other wide strip of cloth. Tie at least one place above the injured area and one below. Do not tie bandages directly over the injury itself.
5. After the splint is in place recheck for circulations (feeling, warmth, color) to make sure you haven’t cut off circulation.