1. A congressional override of a veto may limit a president’s effectiveness in carrying out a legislative program or in using executive powers.
2. War Powers Act that prevented presidents from committing troops to combat for more than 60 days without congressional approval.
3. Two other important limitations are the Senate’s confirmation power and Congress’s power of the purse.
4. Congress also has the power to impeach a president.
5. The federal courts have a constitutional power to limit a president. The case of Marbury v. Madison (1803) established the Supreme Court’s right to review legislative actions.
• The needs of the nation gives the Federal Courts powers to limit the president
• The influence of each president gives the federal bureaucracy powers to limit the president.
• The mandate of the people gives public opinion powers that limit the president.