Left arm and hand straight out for a left turn.
Left arm and hand bent down for slow or stop.
You also may make a left turn from a two-way street onto a one-way street with traffic going in the same direction as the turn, but first yield to pedestrians, cross traffic and approaching traffic.
•Vehicles within the roundabout have the right of way.
•Do not stop within a roundabout unless it is the only way to safely avoid a collision or other danger.
•If an emergency vehicle is heard or seen approaching, do not stop. Exit the roundabout, pull over to the right and stop, allowing the emergency vehicle to pass.
•Avoid changing lanes in a multiple-lane roundabout. Move into the lane you need before entering the roundabout.
•Give special consideration to trucks, trailers and other large vehicles. Avoid passing or driving next to large vehicles, as they may need more than one lane to navigate through the roundabout.
•Refrain from passing other vehicles, bicycles and mopeds.
•When entering or exiting a roundabout, watch for pedestrians crossing the street.
•Indicate your exit by using your turn signal.
•Do not accelerate until you are beyond the pedestrian crossing at the exit.
•You must cross a solid yellow line.
•There is a “no passing” sign.
•Approaching a hill or curve where your view is obstructed. • Your view is obstructed within 100 feet of a bridge, viaduct or tunnel.
•Oncoming traffic is close enough so you would interfere with the safe operation of the approaching vehicle or the vehicle being passed.
.You cannot see clearly ahead.
•When the center lane of a three-lane road
is marked for left turns only.
When passing or preparing to pass another vehicle by using the center lane of a three-lane road, always use extreme caution. Approaching vehicles may also be preparing to pass. If you and an approaching vehicle move into the center lane at the same time, a serious crash could occur. If the center lane is marked for left turns only, using this lane for passing or merging is prohibited.
However, slower moving vehicles should always stay in the lane farthest to the right except when preparing to make a left turn.
*Never use the crossover lane in the median. It is only for emergency and Michigan Department of Transportation vehicles.???*
• On the street-side of a legally parked vehicle (double parking). • So that you obstruct delivery of mail to a rural mailbox. • In a disability parking space if you don’t have a disability parking placard or disability license plate. • In a disability parking space if none of the occupants in the vehicle are disabled. • On the blue-striped access aisle or access lane adjacent to a van-accessible disability parking space. • In a manner that interferes with a ramp or curb cut used by people with disabilities
*•Have your vehicle identification number etched on the car window and main parts to help prevent it from being stolen for parts.*
*•When driving, keep doors and windows locked. Stay alert for danger. If available, take freeways rather than streets through high-crime areas.*
*•Do not get out to fix a flat tire. Try to drive slowly to a service station or store with a well-lighted parking lot and telephone for service.*
*•Choose the safest route to any destination.*
•Park as close to that destination as possible.
*•When returning to your car: Have your keys ready, be aware of your surroundings and of people who appear to be in the wrong place, seem suspect or whose demeanor makes you uncomfortable. Before entering the car, check the interior for possible intruders.*
•In case of danger, stay inside the locked car.
*•If someone acting suspiciously approaches your vehicle, try to drive away or sound the horn.*
•If you are in trouble, use a mobile phone if available.
•If a carjacker wants the vehicle, give it up without a fight. A car can be replaced but personal safety is priceless. Stay calm. Get a good description of the carjackers.
Broken white lines: On roadways that have more than one lane moving in one direction, broken white lines separate traffic lanes. Drive between these lines. Never straddle them.
Solid white lines: Solid white lines mark the right edge of the road. Often called fog lines, solid white lines help you stay on the road at night or in bad weather. Passing to the right of another vehicle by crossing a solid white line that marks the right edge of the roadway is prohibited, even if the shoulder is paved. Solid white lines are also used to separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Crossing a solid white line is not recommended. These white lines may designate sharp curves, freeway acceleration and deceleration lanes and other parts of the road where lane changes are considered dangerous.
A double solid white line is used to show a travel path where driving in the same direction is permitted on both sides of the line but crossing the line is prohibited.
Broken yellow lines: A single broken yellow line usually marks the center line of a two-way roadway where a vehicle may pass if it is safe.
Solid yellow lines: If a solid yellow line is on your side of the center line, do not cross it to pass. On a four-lane divided roadway or a one-way road, a solid yellow line usually marks the left edge of the pavement.
A double solid yellow line down the middle of a two-lane roadway means that passing is not allowed for vehicles traveling in either direction.
When the green arrow is lit, turning drivers have a “protected turn,” meaning all oncoming or conflicting traffic is stopped. When the green light is lit, turning drivers may complete their turn when oncoming traffic has cleared.
When either the yellow light or yellow arrow is lit, the signal is about to change to red and drivers must stop if they have not already entered the intersection or cannot safely stop. If they have already entered the intersection, they must proceed through their turn with caution after making sure traffic is clear.
A flashing yellow light means proceed carefully through the intersection. Scan across traffic in both directions.
A steady green arrow means you may proceed with caution in the direction of the arrow if the way is clear.
Yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in the intersection. Traffic coming toward you should stop.
what actions are permitted. This signal will be standard throughout the United States. A solid red arrow means you must stop. You cannot turn until the signal changes. A solid yellow arrow warns you that the left turn signal is about to change to red. If you are approaching the intersection, you must stop. However, if you are already within the intersection and there is no conflicting traffic present, you may complete your left turn. A flashing yellow arrow allows you to turn left when oncoming traffic, which has a green light, is clear. Be sure that there is an adequate gap in the oncoming traffic and that there are no pedestrians or bicyclists crossing before making your turn. A solid green arrow indicates that oncoming traffic is stopped and you may turn left. Proceed with caution. At intersections equipped with vehicle-detection cameras or in-pavement sensors, this sequence may be skipped if there are no left-turning vehicles. Traffic Control Systems for Railroad Crossings
Passive railroad crossings. Passive railroad crossings do not have flashing lights or gates to warn of approaching trains. Instead, they use crossing signs, pavement markings or crossbucks located just before or at a railroad crossing to alert drivers to look for trains. For example, this railroad sign identifies the location and number of railroad tracks. Slow down or stop as necessary and yield to any rail traffic. Do not cross without checking the track in both directions for a train. Be sure all tracks are clear before proceeding and never race a train in an attempt to cross ahead of it.
vehicles must stop no more than 50 feet or less than 15 feet from the tracks. Trains overhang the tracks by at least three feet on each side. If there is more than one set of tracks, check carefully for other trains that may be coming. Do not cross the tracks until all trains have passed. When the road is snow covered, proceed over tracks with enough speed so you will not get stuck. Avoid changing gears while crossing the tracks.
1. Dark – The signal stays dark until activated by a pedestrian. Proceed with caution when the signal is dark. 2. Flashing Yellow – The signal will flash yellow once it is activated. Slow down and be prepared to stop.
3. Steady Yellow – Stop. If it is unsafe to stop, proceed with caution.
4. Solid Red – Stop and remain stopped.
5. Alternately Flashing Red – Stop and proceed only when clear.
6. Dark – Signal sequence is completed and HAWK signal turns dark until activated again.
•Keep a safe distance behind a truck or bus. Following a commercial vehicle too closely greatly increases the chances of a rear-end collision. When your passenger vehicle is right behind a commercial vehicle, the driver cannot see it and it severely limits what you can see on the road ahead. Extend the distance between your vehicle and a commercial vehicle as weather or road conditions deteriorate.
•When following a commercial vehicle, observe its turn signals before trying to pass. Cutting in between a commercial vehicle and the curb or shoulder to the right may result in a crash. If the commercial vehicle appears to be starting a left turn, wait and verify which way the driver is signaling before passing on the right.
•Signal intended lane changes or turns well in advance. Never cut off a commercial vehicle, force it to slow down or stop suddenly.
•Be careful when passing a commercial vehicle. Often, commercial vehicle drivers cannot see you. Allow enough time and distance to pass safely.
•Roundabouts: Try not to pass or drive next to large vehicles.
•Pass commercial vehicles on the left side and maintain a consistent speed when passing. Be sure you can see the entire cab of the truck in your rearview mirror before signaling and pulling in front of the commercial vehicle.
•When passing a commercial vehicle or when one passes you, keep both hands on the steering wheel. Trucks can create strong air flow and draft when traveling at high speeds.
•Never cross behind a commercial vehicle that is preparing to back up or is backing up. Remember, most trailers are eight-and-a-half feet wide and can hide a car completely, preventing the truck driver from even seeing your vehicle.
•Stay behind the white stopping lines. They are there for a reason. If you stop past the line, commercial vehicles will not be able to complete their turns without hitting you.
•When merging onto the freeway, commercial vehicles may not be able to move over, so match the flow of traffic as closely as possible, pick your spot and go.
•When exiting the freeway, leave space between you and the vehicle in front of you. Plan your move early and always signal your intentions as soon as possible.
•It is illegal to drive beside a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist in the same lane. But, two motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists may drive side by side in the same lane.
•Intersections are one of the most common locations for crashes between vehicles and motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists. Exercise extreme caution when making a left turn at an intersection. Be alert for possible oncoming motorcyclists, moped riders and bicyclists. Left turns present a higher risk for crashes because it is easy for motorists to overlook oncoming motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists due to their smaller profile and speed.
•Pass a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist as you would another vehicle, but not so fast or so close that your tires throw dirt or stones into the rider’s face or that a draft from your vehicle blows the motorcycle, moped or bicycle about. Never attempt to squeeze by the rider. A good rule when passing a bicyclist is to allow at least three feet of space between your side mirror and the rider. Five feet of space is recommended for higher speed roads or if a group of riders is present. Large vehicles should allow even more space when passing.
•Before changing lanes, check to see if a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist is in your blind spot or in the space where you plan to move. After you pass, look again before you move back into the other lane. Make sure you can see the rider clearly in your rearview mirror. Many crashes happen because motorists failed to check their blind spots and didn’t see the motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist.
•Leave plenty of extra space between your vehicle and a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist ahead. They can usually stop in shorter distances than a car and may have to swerve suddenly to avoid obstacles.
•Allow extra maneuvering room in areas with potholes, pavement transitions and railroad crossings. Motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists may need to slow down, stop or adjust their lane position to avoid hazards.
•A fast moving vehicle creates a lot of airflow and draft around it. Be mindful that your vehicle’s “wind blast” can startle or even push a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist off balance, increasing the chances of a crash.
•Check for turn signals or hand signals from a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist. Not all of their vehicles are equipped with turn signals. Watch for other clues as to whether the vehicle intends to turn, such as the operator and passenger turning their heads to look behind or beginning to lean or tilt their vehicle.
•The single headlight or taillight on a motorcycle, moped or bicycle can blend into the lights of other vehicles.
•When parking your vehicle, check your mirrors before opening your door. Opening a vehicle door in the path of approaching traffic, including motorcyclists, moped riders and bicyclists, is dangerous and illegal.
•Use your horn judiciously. Avoid loud blasts that may startle riders and put them at an increased risk of a crash.
•Look for bicyclists riding from behind on the road shoulder or in a bike lane before turning right at an intersection, into a driveway or pulling off the road. As appropriate, yield and allow them to pass before turning. Do not overtake a bicyclist and turn right unless it is safe to do so.
•Obey all lane markings. Do not use a bicycle lane as a passing or turning lane.
•When the yellow overhead lights are flashing, prepare to stop.
When the RED overhead lights are flashing:
•When the red overhead lights are flashing, stop at least 20 feet from the school bus.
•Remain stopped until the flashing red lights are turned off or the bus resumes its travels.
When the YELLOW hazard lights are flashing:
•When the yellow hazard lights are flashing, proceed with caution.
In truth, a STOP sign and a YIELD sign are about the same; the only difference is that if no one is around you don’t have to stop at a YIELD sign while you do have to stop at a STOP sign.