Driving 1

15 MPH
In mobile home parks and some municipal parks.

55 MPH
Unless otherwise posted, on all streets that are not designated freeways and on all highways.

70 mph maximum/55 mph minimum
On all freeways unless posted otherwise. School buses and trucks are restricted to 60 mph. On freeways with speed limits less than 70 mph, school buses and trucks are restricted to 55 mph.

Signaling with Arms When My Car Signals Do Not Work
Left arm and hand bent up for a right turn.
Left arm and hand straight out for a left turn.
Left arm and hand bent down for slow or stop.

As you approach an intersection, check for oncoming and cross traffic, other highway users, signals, signs and pavement markings, the condition of the roadway and areas of limited visibility.

Rule for the Road
Anytime you are not sure what other drivers are going to do, be safe and let them go first.

Keep Alert!
And look twice for smaller vehicles approaching an intersection, such as motorcycles, bicycles and mopeds. Because of their size, it may be difficult to judge their speed and distance. Protect these riders by being courteous and allowing them to clear the intersection safely.

Sunrise or Sunset
When entering an intersection at sunrise or sunset, use extra care as other drivers may have difficulty seeing you.

Don’t Back Up!
If you have entered an intersection when the signal light changes, complete your turn as soon as traffic clears. Do not try to back up in an effort to avoid blocking the intersection.

Yield the right-of-way at all intersections: When turning, check the road you are turning onto and yield to pedestrians and other vehicles present.

At intersections without any signals or signs, or at intersections with all stop signs:
Yield to the driver on the right if you reach the intersection at the same time as the other vehicle. Yield to any vehicle that reaches an intersection before you.

1. At stop or yield signs!
Yield the right-of-way to any vehicle or pedestrian in the intersection and cross traffic that is not required to stop.

2. At stop or yield signs!
When turning left at a stop or yield sign, yield the right-of-way to cross traffic and pedestrians. Yield to the first vehicle from the opposite side that is going straight or turning right. Then, you may turn left so long as cross traffic and pedestrians are still clear.

Other reasons to yield!

1. When directed by flag people at construction sites.

2. You must yield for vehicles in a funeral procession.

3. You must yield to emergency vehicles, approaching from any direction or, if stopped, when their lights are flashing.Time is critical in an emergency situation. Pulling over and allowing emergency vehicles to reach their destinations as quickly and safely as possible may save a life.

4. You also must yield whenever you are approaching or passing a stopped waste collection, utility service or road maintenance vehicle with its lights flashing.

Turning on a Red Light
Unless a sign tells you “no turn on red,” you may turn right at a red light after coming to a complete stop. You must yield to pedestrians and approaching traffic. Make sure to look to your left, front and right before starting your turn. Then turn carefully.

Left Turn on Red Light
Left turn on red: Unless a sign tells you “no turn on red,” you may turn left on a red light when entering a one-way street from another one-way street, but you must first stop and yield to cross traffic.

You also may make a left turn from a two-way street onto a one-way street with traffic going in the same direction as the turn, but first yield to pedestrians, cross traffic and approaching traffic.

When turning left onto a multiple lane one-way road!
Turn into the lane closest to the left-hand curb or road side.

Tip on Leaving and Turning Into a Lane
When multiple turn lanes are present, complete your turn by entering the lane that corresponds to the lane you are leaving. Be alert for drivers next to you who may cross into other lanes as they turn.

A modern roundabout is a circular intersection where entering traffic yields to vehicles traveling counterclockwise around a central island. Vehicles entering from each leg of the intersection must yield to the traffic already in the roundabout, which is coming from the left. Vehicles exit the roundabout by making a right turn onto the desired road.

Approaching the Roundabout:

1. Slow down as you approach the roundabout.

2. Look for roadside signs and pavement markings to direct you into the correct lane before entering the roundabout.

3. As you approach the yield line, look to your left before proceeding into the roundabout.

4. When an appropriate gap in traffic appears, enter the roundabout and merge with the flow of the other vehicles. Never make a left turn to enter a roundabout – this will place you in front of oncoming traffic.

Traveling in a Roundabout:
•Always stay to the right of the center island.
•Vehicles within the roundabout have the right of way.
•Do not stop within a roundabout unless it is the only way to safely avoid a collision or other danger.
•If an emergency vehicle is heard or seen approaching, do not stop. Exit the roundabout, pull over to the right and stop, allowing the emergency vehicle to pass.
•Avoid changing lanes in a multiple-lane roundabout. Move into the lane you need before entering the roundabout.
•Give special consideration to trucks, trailers and other large vehicles. Avoid passing or driving next to large vehicles, as they may need more than one lane to navigate through the roundabout.
•Refrain from passing other vehicles, bicycles and mopeds.
•When entering or exiting a roundabout, watch for pedestrians crossing the street.

Exiting the Roundabout:
•Maintain a slow speed.
•Indicate your exit by using your turn signal.
•Do not accelerate until you are beyond the pedestrian crossing at the exit.

When passing other vehicles, always check your rearview and side-view mirrors for any overtaking traffic. Use your turn signal to indicate your intentions. Check blind spots by turning your head to see if you can safely move from your lane without interfering with traffic.

It is illegal to exceed the speed limit or use the shoulder of the road to pass

2. Passing on the left
Passing another vehicle on the left is prohibited when:
•You must cross a solid yellow line.
•There is a “no passing” sign.
•Approaching a hill or curve where your view is obstructed. • Your view is obstructed within 100 feet of a bridge, viaduct or tunnel.
•Oncoming traffic is close enough so you would interfere with the safe operation of the approaching vehicle or the vehicle being passed.
.You cannot see clearly ahead.
•When the center lane of a three-lane road
is marked for left turns only.

When passing or preparing to pass another vehicle by using the center lane of a three-lane road, always use extreme caution. Approaching vehicles may also be preparing to pass. If you and an approaching vehicle move into the center lane at the same time, a serious crash could occur. If the center lane is marked for left turns only, using this lane for passing or merging is prohibited.

After passing another vehicle, return to the right lane when there is enough room to return safely. One rule of thumb is to return to your lane when it is possible to see both headlights of the vehicle you passed in the rearview mirror.

3. Passing on the right
When two or more lanes of traffic are moving in the same direction, passing other vehicles in either lane is allowed.
However, slower moving vehicles should always stay in the lane farthest to the right except when preparing to make a left turn.

When driving in the right lane, passing another vehicle should be done cautiously as the driver of the other vehicle may not see you and may turn into your path. Passing on the right of another vehicle by crossing the solid white line that marks the edge of the roadway is prohibited even if the shoulder is paved or a bike lane is present. It is also illegal to use a right-turn lane for passing.

Freeway Driving
The entrance ramp usually merges into an acceleration lane allowing you to increase your speed to match freeway traffic speed. Signal and check for freeway traffic by using the vehicle’s rearview and side-view mirrors and quick glances over your shoulder. Choose a safe space to enter and then merge into traffic, yielding the right-of-way to vehicles on the freeway. Do not count on other drivers to let you in.

Two Lane Freeway
On a two-lane freeway, drive in the right lane except when passing, exiting to the left, allowing another vehicle to merge onto the freeway, when the lanes are fully occupied with heavily congested traffic or when emergency vehicles or construction workers are on the shoulder.

Merge Signs
Merge signs are placed near freeway entrances to alert you to traffic entering the freeway. Always watch for vehicles merging onto the freeway. Adjusting your speed or moving safely into another lane will allow drivers to enter the freeway smoothly and safely.

Leaving a Freeway
Avoid slowing down on the freeway when exiting. Wait until you are fully in the deceleration lane before reducing your speed and then slow down gradually. Many ramps have sharp curves, so it is important to obey the posted exit ramp speed limit.

Miss my Exit on the Freeway
If you miss your exit ramp, never back up, turn around or use a median crossover. Instead, drive to the next exit. Get back on the freeway and return to the exit you want.

*Never use the crossover lane in the median. It is only for emergency and Michigan Department of Transportation vehicles.???*

Fatigue on Freeway Long Drives
One of the greatest dangers in freeway driving is fatigue. On long trips you can become sleepy or hypnotized by the constant hum of the wind, tires and engine. If necessary, let someone else drive. Do not rely on coffee or “stay awake” drugs. If you feel tired, stop and rest for a 10-minute break at least every two hours. Pull off the highway at the next exit. Find a motel or rest area and relax. If you must drive, keep shifting your eyes from one area of the road to another. Keep checking the mirrors. Look at objects near and far, left and right.

What is Cruise Control and How to Use It?
Ford Focus Cruise Control

Parking on a Hill
To park on a hill, turn the tires so that if the unattended vehicle starts to roll, it moves into the curb. Always use the parking brake. *You cannot expect the transmission (gear stick) to hold your vehicle on a hill.*

Parking Violations, Never Park:
• Where “no stopping,” “no standing,” “no parking,” and “no parking at any time” signs are posted. • Within 500 feet of a fire or a crash. • Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant. • Within 20 feet of a fire station driveway on the same side of the street or, when marked, within 75 feet of the driveway on the other side of the street. • Within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing. • In front of any driveway, alley, theater, emergency exit or fire escape. • Next to a road where you block the view of drivers turning at an intersection. • More than 12 inches from the curb or against the flow of traffic. This means the curb should never be more than 12 inches from your vehicle when parked. • Within 30 feet of a stop sign, traffic light or flashing beacon, including a warning sign. • In a lane of a highway outside city or village limits if there is a highway shoulder. • On or under a bridge (excluding bridges with parking meters or parking spaces), on an overpass or in a tunnel. • On a sidewalk or in front of a public or private driveway. • Within an intersection, crosswalk or designated bike lane. • Within 20 feet of a marked crosswalk or 15 feet of an intersection if there is no crosswalk.
• On the street-side of a legally parked vehicle (double parking). • So that you obstruct delivery of mail to a rural mailbox. • In a disability parking space if you don’t have a disability parking placard or disability license plate. • In a disability parking space if none of the occupants in the vehicle are disabled. • On the blue-striped access aisle or access lane adjacent to a van-accessible disability parking space. • In a manner that interferes with a ramp or curb cut used by people with disabilities

Parking Illegally
The owner of a vehicle parked illegally is responsible for any parking tickets. *If the vehicle is being leased, the person leasing it is responsible.*

Safety Tips for Car
What are interlocks for cars?
*•Have your vehicle identification number etched on the car window and main parts to help prevent it from being stolen for parts.*
*•When driving, keep doors and windows locked. Stay alert for danger. If available, take freeways rather than streets through high-crime areas.*
*•Do not get out to fix a flat tire. Try to drive slowly to a service station or store with a well-lighted parking lot and telephone for service.*
*•Choose the safest route to any destination.*
•Park as close to that destination as possible.
*•When returning to your car: Have your keys ready, be aware of your surroundings and of people who appear to be in the wrong place, seem suspect or whose demeanor makes you uncomfortable. Before entering the car, check the interior for possible intruders.*
•In case of danger, stay inside the locked car.
*•If someone acting suspiciously approaches your vehicle, try to drive away or sound the horn.*
•If you are in trouble, use a mobile phone if available.
•If a carjacker wants the vehicle, give it up without a fight. A car can be replaced but personal safety is priceless. Stay calm. Get a good description of the carjackers.

Signs, Pavement Markings, and Signals
*Please Review Pages 38 to 43!!!*

*What to do at a Detour Sign*
*Find Out!!!*

Pavement Markings
Pavement markings are white or yellow and, like highway signs, warn, regulate and inform drivers.

White Lines
White lines separate traffic lanes moving in the same direction.

They include:

Broken white lines: On roadways that have more than one lane moving in one direction, broken white lines separate traffic lanes. Drive between these lines. Never straddle them.

Solid white lines: Solid white lines mark the right edge of the road. Often called fog lines, solid white lines help you stay on the road at night or in bad weather. Passing to the right of another vehicle by crossing a solid white line that marks the right edge of the roadway is prohibited, even if the shoulder is paved. Solid white lines are also used to separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Crossing a solid white line is not recommended. These white lines may designate sharp curves, freeway acceleration and deceleration lanes and other parts of the road where lane changes are considered dangerous.

A double solid white line is used to show a travel path where driving in the same direction is permitted on both sides of the line but crossing the line is prohibited.

Sharrows are pavement markings that assist bicyclists in determining the appropriate line of travel. They also alert motorists that bicyclists may be traveling in that lane and to pass with sufficient clearance.

Yellow Lines
Yellow lines separate traffic lanes moving in opposite directions. They include solid, broken and center-lane lines.

Broken yellow lines: A single broken yellow line usually marks the center line of a two-way roadway where a vehicle may pass if it is safe.

Solid yellow lines: If a solid yellow line is on your side of the center line, do not cross it to pass. On a four-lane divided roadway or a one-way road, a solid yellow line usually marks the left edge of the pavement.

A double solid yellow line down the middle of a two-lane roadway means that passing is not allowed for vehicles traveling in either direction.

Center Lane, Left-Turn-Only
Center lane, left-turn-only: Many roads have a center left-turn only lane to help traffic flow more smoothly. Each outside edge of this lane is marked with a solid yellow line with broken yellow lines on the inside edges. Left turns must be made from within this lane and may be made from either direction. Using this lane to pass other vehicles or as a merge lane is both dangerous and illegal.

Yield Lines
Yield lines are typically found at roundabout intersections and mid-block crosswalks and help regulate the flow of traffic. When yielding to traffic or pedestrians, make sure to stop behind the yield lines. There are two types of yield lines:

White Triangular Symbols
White triangles painted across a traffic lane mean be ready to stop and yield to traffic. (See Figure 4-3.)

Dashed White Lines
Dashed white lines painted across a roundabout’s traffic lane indicate you should yield to traffic. (See Figure 4-4.)

Unresponsive or Broken Traffic Light
*If a traffic light is not working at an intersection, and there are no law enforcement officers or alternate traffic signal devices present to control the flow of traffic, you should follow the basic right-of-way rules. These include yielding to vehicles that reach the intersection before you, to those on your right if you reach the intersection at the same time, and when turning left, giving right-of-way to oncoming traffic!!!*

5 Section Head Signal
The 5-section head signal or “doghouse signal” is used to regulate left or right turns at intersections. This type of signal has red, green and yellow lights along with a yellow and a green turn arrow.

When the green arrow is lit, turning drivers have a “protected turn,” meaning all oncoming or conflicting traffic is stopped. When the green light is lit, turning drivers may complete their turn when oncoming traffic has cleared.

When either the yellow light or yellow arrow is lit, the signal is about to change to red and drivers must stop if they have not already entered the intersection or cannot safely stop. If they have already entered the intersection, they must proceed through their turn with caution after making sure traffic is clear.

Flashing Traffic Signal
A flashing red light means come to a full stop. Proceed when the road is clear.

A flashing yellow light means proceed carefully through the intersection. Scan across traffic in both directions.

A steady green arrow means you may proceed with caution in the direction of the arrow if the way is clear.

Yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in the intersection. Traffic coming toward you should stop.

flashing yellow arrow left-turn signal head
The flashing yellow arrow left-turn signal head has four separate lenses. The lens at the top is a solid red arrow. The next signal below it is a solid yellow arrow, then a flashing yellow arrow, and finally, a solid green arrow at the bottom. Each arrow specifies what actions are permitted. This signal will be standard throughout the United States. A solid red arrow means you must stop. You cannot turn until the signal changes. A solid yellow arrow warns you that the left turn signal is about to change to red. If you are approaching the intersection, you must stop. However, if you are already within the intersection and there is no conflicting traffic present, you may complete your left turn. A flashing yellow arrow allows you to turn left when oncoming traffic, which has a green light, is clear. Be sure that there is an adequate gap in the oncoming traffic and that there are no pedestrians or bicyclists crossing before making your turn. A solid green arrow indicates that oncoming traffic is stopped and you may turn left. Proceed with caution. At intersections equipped with vehicle-detection cameras or in-pavement sensors, this sequence may be skipped if there are no left-turning vehicles.

Traffic Control Systems for Railroad Crossings
When approaching a railroad crossing that does not have a signal or a gate, slow down and look both ways. This is good advice even if a signal crossing does not indicate a train is coming.

Railroad Crossing
This sign warns of a railroad crossing ahead. If a train is coming, all
what actions are permitted. This signal will be standard throughout the United States. A solid red arrow means you must stop. You cannot turn until the signal changes. A solid yellow arrow warns you that the left turn signal is about to change to red. If you are approaching the intersection, you must stop. However, if you are already within the intersection and there is no conflicting traffic present, you may complete your left turn. A flashing yellow arrow allows you to turn left when oncoming traffic, which has a green light, is clear. Be sure that there is an adequate gap in the oncoming traffic and that there are no pedestrians or bicyclists crossing before making your turn. A solid green arrow indicates that oncoming traffic is stopped and you may turn left. Proceed with caution. At intersections equipped with vehicle-detection cameras or in-pavement sensors, this sequence may be skipped if there are no left-turning vehicles. Traffic Control Systems for Railroad Crossings
michigan.gov/sos 51
Passive railroad crossings. Passive railroad crossings do not have flashing lights or gates to warn of approaching trains. Instead, they use crossing signs, pavement markings or crossbucks located just before or at a railroad crossing to alert drivers to look for trains. For example, this railroad sign identifies the location and number of railroad tracks. Slow down or stop as necessary and yield to any rail traffic. Do not cross without checking the track in both directions for a train. Be sure all tracks are clear before proceeding and never race a train in an attempt to cross ahead of it.
vehicles must stop no more than 50 feet or less than 15 feet from the tracks. Trains overhang the tracks by at least three feet on each side. If there is more than one set of tracks, check carefully for other trains that may be coming. Do not cross the tracks until all trains have passed. When the road is snow covered, proceed over tracks with enough speed so you will not get stuck. Avoid changing gears while crossing the tracks.

When you see devices that warn of railroad crossings and possible oncoming trains
• Slow down and be ready to stop. • School buses, vehicles carrying passengers for hire, gasoline trucks and other vehicles carrying hazardous materials must stop and make sure no train is coming, even if there is no stop sign or railroad crossing signal. • If there is a stop sign at the crossing, you must stop whether or not a train is coming. • Be careful not to get “trapped” on railroad tracks by a line of traffic backed up by a signal. • If your vehicle becomes hung up on or stalls on the tracks, get everyone out of the vehicle and as far away from the tracks as possible, even if you do not see an approaching train. Notify authorities by calling 911, the local law enforcement or the emergency number posted at the crossing.

Pedestrian Hybrid Beacon Signals
Known as “HAWK” signals are a crossing device to alert drivers to the presence of pedestrians. There are six steps to the HAWK signal sequence.
1. Dark – The signal stays dark until activated by a pedestrian. Proceed with caution when the signal is dark. 2. Flashing Yellow – The signal will flash yellow once it is activated. Slow down and be prepared to stop.
3. Steady Yellow – Stop. If it is unsafe to stop, proceed with caution.
4. Solid Red – Stop and remain stopped.
5. Alternately Flashing Red – Stop and proceed only when clear.
6. Dark – Signal sequence is completed and HAWK signal turns dark until activated again.

Mid-Block Crosswalks
Motorists are cautioned that pedestrians are likely to cross in the middle of the block, whether or not a crosswalk is present. Mid-block crosswalks provide pedestrians with safe crossing along roadways at places other than intersections. (See Figure 5-1.) A yield line is sometimes used to indicate the location where drivers should stop for pedestrians in the crosswalk. When there are no sidewalks, pedestrians should walk on the side of the road facing oncoming traffic. Parents should teach their children this, but drivers must watch for pedestrians. Be alert for joggers running along roadways. Joggers should wear reflective clothing, use sidewalks or roadway shoulders and avoid jogging at night, dawn, dusk or during bad weather. Joggers, like other pedestrians, should be on the side of the road facing oncoming traffic.

Emergency Vehicles
Yield the right-of-way to an emergency vehicle that is approaching from any direction or has stopped when it is displaying flashing warning lights or sounding a siren or other audible warning or both.

When you see a stopped emergency vehicle
Slow down and move over a lane if possible. If traffic or other conditions prevent you from changing lanes, you must slow down and proceed with due caution.

When an emergency vehicle is approaching
• Pull over to the edge of the roadway, clear of intersections and stop. • Remain there until the emergency vehicle has passed. Stay alert – more than one emergency vehicle may be responding to the call. • Keep a foot on the brake so the brake lights let emergency vehicle drivers know you have stopped. • Stay at least 500 feet behind any moving emergency vehicle displaying flashing warning lights and sounding a siren. • Never pass a moving emergency vehicle displaying flashing warning lights unless directed to do so by the emergency vehicle driver or a law enforcement officer.

Tips for Sharing the Road with Commercial Truck Drives
•Commercial vehicles need room to make right turns. They may swing wide to the left to safely negotiate a right turn. When you see a commercial vehicle with its right turn signal on at an intersection, know that the truck is going to make a wide right turn. Do not try to pass on the right-hand side or you might get squeezed between the truck and the curb. Stay behind trucks making right turns.
•Keep a safe distance behind a truck or bus. Following a commercial vehicle too closely greatly increases the chances of a rear-end collision. When your passenger vehicle is right behind a commercial vehicle, the driver cannot see it and it severely limits what you can see on the road ahead. Extend the distance between your vehicle and a commercial vehicle as weather or road conditions deteriorate.
•When following a commercial vehicle, observe its turn signals before trying to pass. Cutting in between a commercial vehicle and the curb or shoulder to the right may result in a crash. If the commercial vehicle appears to be starting a left turn, wait and verify which way the driver is signaling before passing on the right.
•Signal intended lane changes or turns well in advance. Never cut off a commercial vehicle, force it to slow down or stop suddenly.
•Be careful when passing a commercial vehicle. Often, commercial vehicle drivers cannot see you. Allow enough time and distance to pass safely.
•Roundabouts: Try not to pass or drive next to large vehicles.
•Pass commercial vehicles on the left side and maintain a consistent speed when passing. Be sure you can see the entire cab of the truck in your rearview mirror before signaling and pulling in front of the commercial vehicle.
•When passing a commercial vehicle or when one passes you, keep both hands on the steering wheel. Trucks can create strong air flow and draft when traveling at high speeds.
•Never cross behind a commercial vehicle that is preparing to back up or is backing up. Remember, most trailers are eight-and-a-half feet wide and can hide a car completely, preventing the truck driver from even seeing your vehicle.
•Stay behind the white stopping lines. They are there for a reason. If you stop past the line, commercial vehicles will not be able to complete their turns without hitting you.
•When merging onto the freeway, commercial vehicles may not be able to move over, so match the flow of traffic as closely as possible, pick your spot and go.
•When exiting the freeway, leave space between you and the vehicle in front of you. Plan your move early and always signal your intentions as soon as possible.

When driving, remember these important points about motorcycles, mopeds and bicycles
•Always treat motorcyclists, moped riders and bicyclists with courtesy. Bicyclists may legally ride on Michigan roads, except limited access freeways, and have the same rights and responsibilities as other motorists.
•It is illegal to drive beside a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist in the same lane. But, two motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists may drive side by side in the same lane.
•Intersections are one of the most common locations for crashes between vehicles and motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists. Exercise extreme caution when making a left turn at an intersection. Be alert for possible oncoming motorcyclists, moped riders and bicyclists. Left turns present a higher risk for crashes because it is easy for motorists to overlook oncoming motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists due to their smaller profile and speed.
•Pass a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist as you would another vehicle, but not so fast or so close that your tires throw dirt or stones into the rider’s face or that a draft from your vehicle blows the motorcycle, moped or bicycle about. Never attempt to squeeze by the rider. A good rule when passing a bicyclist is to allow at least three feet of space between your side mirror and the rider. Five feet of space is recommended for higher speed roads or if a group of riders is present. Large vehicles should allow even more space when passing.
•Before changing lanes, check to see if a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist is in your blind spot or in the space where you plan to move. After you pass, look again before you move back into the other lane. Make sure you can see the rider clearly in your rearview mirror. Many crashes happen because motorists failed to check their blind spots and didn’t see the motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist.
•Leave plenty of extra space between your vehicle and a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist ahead. They can usually stop in shorter distances than a car and may have to swerve suddenly to avoid obstacles.
•Allow extra maneuvering room in areas with potholes, pavement transitions and railroad crossings. Motorcyclists, moped riders or bicyclists may need to slow down, stop or adjust their lane position to avoid hazards.
•A fast moving vehicle creates a lot of airflow and draft around it. Be mindful that your vehicle’s “wind blast” can startle or even push a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist off balance, increasing the chances of a crash.
•Check for turn signals or hand signals from a motorcyclist, moped rider or bicyclist. Not all of their vehicles are equipped with turn signals. Watch for other clues as to whether the vehicle intends to turn, such as the operator and passenger turning their heads to look behind or beginning to lean or tilt their vehicle.
•The single headlight or taillight on a motorcycle, moped or bicycle can blend into the lights of other vehicles.
•When parking your vehicle, check your mirrors before opening your door. Opening a vehicle door in the path of approaching traffic, including motorcyclists, moped riders and bicyclists, is dangerous and illegal.
•Use your horn judiciously. Avoid loud blasts that may startle riders and put them at an increased risk of a crash.
•Look for bicyclists riding from behind on the road shoulder or in a bike lane before turning right at an intersection, into a driveway or pulling off the road. As appropriate, yield and allow them to pass before turning. Do not overtake a bicyclist and turn right unless it is safe to do so.
•Obey all lane markings. Do not use a bicycle lane as a passing or turning lane.

School Buses
When the YELLOW overhead lights are flashing:
•When the yellow overhead lights are flashing, prepare to stop.
When the RED overhead lights are flashing:
•When the red overhead lights are flashing, stop at least 20 feet from the school bus.
•Remain stopped until the flashing red lights are turned off or the bus resumes its travels.
When the YELLOW hazard lights are flashing:
•When the yellow hazard lights are flashing, proceed with caution.

If you arrive at a YIELD sign, you must look to see if there is any other traffic (motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle or pedestrian) arriving at the intersection from a different direction, and if so you must let them proceed before you go.

In truth, a STOP sign and a YIELD sign are about the same; the only difference is that if no one is around you don’t have to stop at a YIELD sign while you do have to stop at a STOP sign.

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