FSD NYC

By ENMDRAGON

Updated/ NY Fire Safety
some questions might look different on the app than on the web page. I find a way that it will look all the same just use your cell phone Horizontal and it will change the way it looks. 4/27/16
I pass my First test, there is 3 total. The 50 question test at a Certify School then the 100at metro tech, and last in the Building that you will be working.
I already try the test format of this site it does not work.

Updated 4/20/16
This Study material has a lot of things you need to know but I also add Multiple choice test from chapter 1 to 5 If you scroll down you will see it. Upadate 1-26-17 There is a new Tes call Active Shooter also this will not longer be called FSD/Fire safety Director. Office building needs another test call EAP but next year in 2018 all hotels must have a new EAP plan and a licensed FSD/EAP/Active Shooter. i think the new name will be FLS Fire and life safety director.

Hi I want you all to know something really important and is about this letter, >>

http://www.nyc.gov/html/fdny/pdf/verification_letter.pdf

Please get this letter first before you do anything at all or you won’t be able to move forward good luck. follow the link
1/29/16

Date: 12/10/15
I will add more pictures from time to time.
My 50Q test was on 12/17/15 Pass
Next Metro Tech 100Q

8/5/16 Sorry I did not update this in time. I pass my test at Metro Tech for the 100 Question test Good luck. If you are doing FSD I will say they need to start paying you minimum 25 per hour. Why ? You need to take around 5 or 6 test to get this. 50 questions test, 100 question at metro tech the onsite test 3 hours long don’t forget the Active Shooter test 20 and now the new EAP test for hotels and God knows what else they will add. Class 50 Question Metro Tech 100 Question Active shooter class 20 Questions Onsite 3 hours walking and talking about safety and fire. Now EAP another license and more test one in a school and after that metro tech again. WOW

This is exactly what will be on the test. This is the test at metro Tech for NYC only I do not know other states
This is exactly what will be on the test. This is the test at metro Tech for NYC only I do not know other states

This is the letter you will need if you don’t get this letter first and have 5 years of fire related experience you wont be able to get the certificate at metro tech they will let you take the test but you wont get the Certificate even if you pass.

This is the School where I pass my 50 question test.
This is the School where I pass my 50 question test.

StandPipe riser
StandPipe riser

Ignition Temperature –
minimum temperature to which the substance exposed to air must be heated in order to ignite or cause self-sustained combustion

Flash Point
Flash Point
lowest temperature of the liquid at which it gives off vapor sufficient to cause a flammable mixture with air

Fire Point
Fire Point
lowest temperature at which a substance continues to burn in air (it is usually a few degrees above the flash point).

Vapors
Vapors
gaseous substance given off by the material that is burning or liquids

Flammable or Explosive Limits
Flammable or Explosive Limits
gases or vapors which form flammable mixtures
LEAN – not enough gas or vapor, too much oxygen
RICH – Not enough oxygen, too much gas or vapor

Flammable (Explosive) Range
Flammable (Explosive) Range
vapor or gas-air mixtures which supports combustion

HEAT TRANSFER
HEAT TRANSFER
Conduction -Heat conducted from one body to another by direct contact Convection -transfer of heat by the movement of air or liquid
Radiation -heat transmission known as radiation of heat waves

FIRE STAGES 

Growth Stage (Incipient)
FIRE STAGES

Growth Stage (Incipient)

Fire increases in size to involve the entire room or area

Fully Developed Stage (Free-Burning)
Fully Developed Stage (Free-Burning)
The entire room and contents are involved in fire

Decay Stage (Smoldering)
Decay Stage (Smoldering)
As available oxygen is consumed, the fire moves into the decay stage

Rollover
Rollover
is a stage of a structure fire when fire gases in a room or other enclosed
area ignite. Since heated fire gases, the product of pyrolysis, rise to the ceiling, this is
where a rollover phenomenon is most often witnessed.

Flashover
Flashover
The sudden involvement of a room or area in flames from floor to ceiling caused by thermal radiation feedback

Backdraft
Backdraft
When a fire is starved of oxygen and oxygen is re-introduced a smoke explosion can occur

Commercial cooking exhaust systems must be
Commercial cooking exhaust systems must be
inspected and cleaned every 3 months by a certificate of fitness holder, except that vertical portions of interior and exterior vertical ducts in excess of three stories in height may be cleaned every six months.

Commercial cooking system fire extinguishing systems
Commercial cooking system fire extinguishing systems
must be inspected, tested, serviced and otherwise maintained by a licensed master fire suppression piping contractor on a semiannual basis.

Flame-Resistant
Where Required
Any lobby
Auditoriums
Halls and meeting rooms
Theaters
Restaurants
Department stores
Public assembly (75 or more people)
WHERE NOT REQUIRED
Merchandise for display or sales Private offices in commercial buildings Guest rooms in hotels and motels Places of worship
Works of art

FUEL I EXTINGUISHER CLASSIFICATION A - Ordinary Combustibles 
A- Ordinary solid combustibles 
B - Flammable Liquids 
C - Electrical 
D-'- Metals 
K- Kitchen

Maximum Travel Distance Fire Extinguishers
Class A Fires /Water, dry chemical and dry powder 75 Feet
Class B Fires /Dry chemical or CO2 /50 Feet
Class K Fire /Chemical 30 Feet
FUEL I EXTINGUISHER CLASSIFICATION A – Ordinary Combustibles
A- Ordinary solid combustibles
B – Flammable Liquids
C – Electrical
D-‘- Metals
K- Kitchen

Maximum Travel Distance Fire Extinguishers
Class A Fires /Water, dry chemical and dry powder 75 Feet
Class B Fires /Dry chemical or CO2 /50 Feet
Class K Fire /Chemical 30 Feet

Where will you need a fire extinguisher>>>

Un-sprinklered offices and hotel floors require one extinguisher for what square
footage and placed within what travel distance?
A. 1200 sq. ft every 75 feet.
>>>B. 6000 sq. ft every 75 feet.
C. 12,000 sq. ft. every 75 feet.
D. 6,000 sq. ft. every 50 feet.

INERGEN agent is a mixture of three inerting (oxygen diluting) gases: 52%
nitrogen, 40% argon, and 8% carbon dioxide.
What gas is not present in the inergen agent?
>>>A. Halon.
B. Argon.
C. Carbon dioxide.
D. Oxygen.

Office Building
Are Groupe B

Hotels
Are Groupe R-1

Key 2642
A standard key use by the elevator industry

Key 1620
An Official Fire Department Alarm box key

Siamese Connections

Fire Department Connection – A Fire Department connection is always installed on the system. The connection is used by the fire department to pump water into the system. Fire Department connections must always be accessible. Each connection shall be equipped with a check valve. An auxiliary source of water supply for standpipe systems includes manually activated fire pumps or Fire Department connections.

Fire Department Connection
For automatic standpipe systems, a connection through which the fire department can pump supplemental water into the sprinkler system, standpipe or other system furnishing water for the fire extinguishment to supplement existing water supplies.
For manual standpipe systems, a connection through which the fire department can pump the primary water supply to the manual standpipe system at the required system demand.

Permits Required
It shall be unlawful to manufacture, store, handle, use, sell or transport a hazardous material or combustible material, or to conduct an operation or to maintain a facility for which a permit is required without such permit.
Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by any representative of the department.
Types of permits:
1. Site-Specific Permit For a specific premises or location
2. Citywide Permit A citywide permit is valid at one or more locations provided the duration of such activity at any individual location does not exceed 30 days. Periods of activity in excess of 30 days at any one location shall require a site-specific permit.

Permits for the same premises or location May be consolidated into a single permit;

Inspection Authorized Before a permit or other approval is issued, the commissioner may require an inspection

Authority Granted By permit. A permit shall constitute permission to manufacture, store, handle, use, sell or transport hazardous materials or combustible materials, conduct an operation, or maintain a facility, as applicable, in accordance with this code where a permit is required by Section 105.6. Such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of this code or other applicable laws, rules or regulations.

Posting Permit Permits shall be posted in a conspicuous location on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by any representative of the department.

Example of where all doors are locked and re-entry

CLASS
Example of where all doors are locked and re-entry

CLASS “E” BUILDINGS (New Code “B” Buildings) UNDER 100 FEET
• Doors may be locked on the stair side on each floor above the street floor
• If the stair side is locked must have sign on the occupancy side
“NO RE-ENTRY FROM THIS STAIR”

CLASS “E” BUILDINGS (New Code “B” Buildings) OVER 100 FEET
• Doors may be locked to prevent access to the stair at the street floor
• Doors may be locked on the stair side above the street floor except that at
intervals of four stories or less

OCCUPANCY SIDE
Where fail safe re-entry locking devices are installed on exit doors, every floor on
the occupancy side should have a sign that reads
“NO RE-ENTRY FROM THIS STAIR EXCEPT DURING FIRE OR
EMERGENCY”
STAIR SIDE
Where no re-entry is provided on that floor, the sign on the stair side of the door
shall read,
“NO RE-ENTRY, NEAREST RE-ENTRY ON THE __ AND_ FLOORS”
At floors where re-entry is provided, the sign shall read
“RE-ENTRY ON THIS FLOOR”
• When a locked door is provided with an automatic fail safe system for opening
such door in the event of the activation of any automatic fire detecting device or
when any elevator in readiness is activated, such door shall be deemed as
openable from the stair side
Revised

Re-Entry Rules:
1. Uppermost occupied floor shall be a re-entry floor, exclusive of penthouse
mechanical floors not occupied by tenants.
2. A maximum travel to a lower unlocked door shall be four (4) floors, during a fire
emergency.
3. Re-entry floor stair doors may have fail safe electrical interlock operated by
automatic sensor devices (smoke or water flow alarms)
4. Simple latch-bolt access may be provided for access to·re-entry floors. Such
unlocked re-entry floors should have adequate corridors segregating access from
occupant spaces.
5. All re-entry floors must give direct access to the alternate stairs or provide an
area of refuge
Re-entry rules include all except:???
>>>A- Office buildings under 100 feet require re-entry every four floors
B- Office buildings may elect to lock stair side doors except every four floors re-entry
must be provided
C- Re-entry starts at the uppermost occupied floor
D- Fail-safe locks release on re-entry floors with automatic actuation device operation

Smoke control
• Elevator lobbies need smoke stopped enclosures if sprinklers are not installed
in corridors/sleeping rooms.
• HVAC is segregated for each type use, e.g. ballrooms HVAC must not serve
other type uses on the same floor or other floors.
Hotel smoke control features include:
A- Elevator doors are smoke stopped
B- Manual purge floor by floor
>>>C- HVAC is segregated by type use
D- Each sleeping room has separate HVAC vents

Locked door fail safe system
Re-entry doors will unlock if:
1. any automatic fire detecting device operates
2. elevator fireman service operates
3. power failure
These doors can be opened from the command station or mechanical control center.
Locked Door Fail Safe Systems-
(a) Stairway reentry doors which are locked from the stairway side as permitted in
section C26-604.4 of the administrative code shall be provided with an electrical fail
safe strike release mechanism that will permit the door to be opened without a key
when any automatic fire detecting device operates, elevator “Fireman Service” operates
or power failure shall occur. In addition, provisions shall be made to permit these doors
to be opened from the command station or mechanical control center. This system shall
be manually reset.
(b) Wiring for these

Elevator landing sign. On all floors other than the main entrance floor, a sign shall be posted
and maintained on every floor at the elevator landing. The sign shall read
Elevator landing sign. On all floors other than the main entrance floor, a sign shall be posted
and maintained on every floor at the elevator landing. The sign shall read
“IN CASE OF
FIRE, USE STAIRS UNLESS OTHERWISE INSTRUCTED.”

• Sprinklers – Places of Assembly (>75 People)
o Dressing Rooms and Property Rooms used as Places of Assembly except
Assembly Place with no scenery (F1-b)
o Places of Assembly used as Cabaret
o Stages providing live entertainment except F-4 (outdoors)
• Emergency lighting:

Local Law 16 of 1984:
Fire alarm:
• Hotels to have class J, J-1 or modified J-1 fire alarm and communications
system. (class R-1 new code)
• Provided voice command to every floor in the hotel.
Sprinklers:
• Existing hotels
o Provide in corridors or sleeping rooms
o Banquet halls over 300 capacity
New hotels built after 1984
• Provide full sprinkler protection
Smoke control
• Elevator lobbies need smoke stopped enclosures if sprinklers are not installed
in corridors/sleeping rooms.
• HVAC is segregated for each type use, e.g. ballrooms HVAC must not serve
other type uses on the same floor or other floors.
Smoke purge/HVAC air changes
Fire Command Station purge panels operate with citywide key# 1620, under control
of the incident commander. Reverse fan HVAC must provide six air changes per
hour, if installed. (Manual override required for HVAC fan reversal) (Purge key
required – # 1620)
NOTE: City-Wide Standard Elevator Key is # 2642. It does not operate the purge
system.

Local Law 58 of 1987 (Handicap Provision)
• Fire alarm box mounting is 48 inches above finished floor.
• Strobe lights placed 80 inches above finished floor.
o All speakers moved must have strobes added.
• Hotels require 3% of rooms with fixed or smoke activated strobes.
• 5 % parking spaces reserved for handicapped.
• Required if 50% of floor/building are being renovated
Note:
Fire Alarms
“Floor Warden should immediately determine persons in need of special assistance”
Fire Drills
“when conducting fire drills persons in need of special assistance should be brought to
the elevator lobby or stairs for orientation purposes

Siamese Cap color and type of System 

1-Combination Standpipe/Sprinkler 

2-Auto wet sprinkler

3- Auto dry sprinkler

4-None-auto sprinkler

5-Standpipe
Siamese Cap color and type of System

1-Combination Standpipe/Sprinkler

2-Auto wet sprinkler

3- Auto dry sprinkler

4-None-auto sprinkler

5-Standpipe

1-Yellow

2-Green

3-Green

4-Aluminum

5-Red

Inspection Period
1-Fire department Connection(Siamese)

2-Sprinkler system all type

3-Fire Pump

4-All valve and connections to water

1-quarterly

2-Monthly

3-Diesel pump weekly /
Electric pump monthly

4-Weekly

Means of Egress
• The provision and maintenance of means of egress – a path of travel for occupants to exit a building – is integral to the safeguarding of life in the presence of a fire and is a key life safety system in the Building Code and the Fire Code.
• Means of egress are designed and intended:
o to give occupants alternative paths of travel to a place of safety to avoid fire.
o to shelter occupants from fire and the products of combustion.
o to accommodate all occupants of a structure.
o to provide a path of travel that is clear, unobstructed, well marked and illuminated and in which all components are under control of the user without requiring any tools, keys or special knowledge or effort.
• Multiple fire fatalities, both contemporary and historical, can be traced to a compromise of one or more of the above principles.
Definitions:
EXIT -That portion of a means of egress system which is separated from other interior spaces of a building or structure by fire-resistance-rated construction and opening protectives as required to provide a protected path of egress travel between the exit access and the exit discharge. Exits include vertical exits, exterior exit doors at ground level, exit enclosures, exit passageways, exterior exit stairs, exterior exit ramps and horizontal exits, but do not include access stairs, aisles, exit access doors opening to corridors or corridors. This term shall include the locations on a premises at which egress may be had from an enclosed outdoor space.
EXIT ACCESS-That portion of a means of egress system that leads from any occupied portion of a building, structure or premises to an exit.
EXIT DISCHARGE-That portion of a means of egress system between the termination of an exit and a public way.
MEANS OF EGRESS-A continuous and unobstructed path of vertical and horizontal egress travel from any occupied portion of a building, structure or premises to a public way. A means of egress consists of three separate and distinct parts: the exit access, the exit and the exit discharge.

Refrigeration System test
Required monthly tests

Records of all refrigerating system periodic inspection testing and other maintenance required by the fire code are required to be maintained on the premises for a minimum of 3 years

Antifreeze Sprinkler System
Antifreeze Sprinkler System
A Wet pipe sprinkler system employing automatic spriklers that are attached to a pipe system and contain antifreeze solution and is conected to a water supply

Auxiliary water supply
Auxiliary water supply
Supplementary source of water

Branch line
Branch line
A pipe system generally in a horizontal plane, connecting not more than one hose connection with a standpipe.

Combination standpipe and sprinkler system
Combination standpipe and sprinkler system
A system where the water piping service both 2 1/2in (65) outlet for fire Department use and oulet for automatic sprinkler

Concealed sprinkler
Concealed sprinkler
A recessed sprinkler with a cover plate

Control Valve
Control Valve
A valve controlling flow to water base fire protection system. Control valve do not include hose valves

Corrosion Resistant Sprinkler
Corrosion Resistant Sprinkler
A sprinkler fabricated with corrosion resistant material, or special coatings to be used in an atmosphere that would corrode standard sprinklers.

At least once in 5/five years, the Fire Department connection or connections for a
sprinkler system shall be subjected to a hydrostatic pressure test to demonstrate its
suitability for Fire Department use.

Typical Wet Dry Pipe System
Most standard sprinkler systems have devices that automatically sound an alarm when a
sprinkler head discharges water. This alarm is usually an audible signal in the building. In
many cases they also give an alarm at a remote location, such as an approved central
station company. The central station company monitors the entire fire protection system for
water discharge and problems with the equipment.
The most commonly installed system is wet pipe systems which have water in the piping at
all times. This type of system is used where the temperature is maintained at minimum of
40F to prevent the system from freezing.

Spare Sprinkler Heads
Sprinklers required for emergency replacement must be representative of the type of sprinklers installed along with the proper wrenches. These wrenches shall be provided in the spare head cabinet. It is critical sprinklers be replaced with devices that will perform similarly to the original system sprinklers. Sprinklers that are replaced during an emergency by unlicensed individuals require that the devices used have been verified appropriate for the protected area by a Master Fire Suppression Piping Contractor. After activation by fire, sprinklers in close proximity to the affected heads is must always recommended be replaced. A stock of spare sprinklers (not less than 6) shall be kept on the premise where the temperature does not exceed 100 Degrees F and shall include all types and ratings installed in the protected facility and provided as follows:
Under 300 sprinklers six
301 – 1000 sprinklers twelve
Over 1000 sprinklers twenty four

Deficiency
A Condition in which the application of the compo

Office Building Emergency Action Plans/EAP
must contain designation, qualifications and training of EAP staff, and their duties and responsibilities; reporting of emergencies to the Fire Department; education of building occupants, including the conduct of drills; recordkeeping; obligations of building occupants and employers of building occupants; and provision of assistance to building occupants with special needs.
In response to non-fire-related emergency the Emergency Action Plan provide for procedures involving:
• Explosion
• Biological
• Chemical
• Radiological
• Nuclear incident or release
• Natural disaster
• or other emergency condition in or proximate to the building.

Fire Safety And Evacuation Plan/FSP
A fire safety and evacuation
plan is required for the following occupancies and buildings:
1. Group A (Assembly) occupancies, other than Group A occupancies used exclusively for purposes of religious worship that have an occupant load less than 2,000.
2. Group B (Business) occupancy office buildings occupied or designed to occupied by more than 500 persons on one or more floors, including street level, or by more than 100 persons on one or more floors other than street level (Fire Code and Local Law 5 of 1973).
3. Group B (Business) occupancy educational facilities.
4. Group E (Educational) occupancy schools, educational facilities & day care facilities.
5. Group H (High Hazard) occupancies, except buildings that have prepared one or more of the following plans:
5.1. An emergency action plan in accordance to US Department of Labor.
5.2. Contingency plan & emergency procedures in accordance with NYS DEC
5.3. Risk management plan accordance with NYC DEP
· 6. Group I (Institutional) occupancies.
7. Group M (Mercantile) occupancies occupied by more than 500 persons on one or more floors, including street level, or by more than 100 persons on one or more floors other than street level, or in which more than 25 persons are employed.
8. Group R-1 (Residential, Transient) occupancies, occupied by more than 30 lodgers, or more than 15 lodgers above street level, for a period of 90 days or less; and/or operated to accommodate such numbers of lodgers for such period of occupancy;

Emergency action plans
An emergency action plan is required in Group B occupancy office buildings or parts thereof:
1. Greater than 6 stories in height; or
2. Greater than 75 feet (22 860 mm) in height; or
3. Occupied or designed to be occupied by more than 500 persons on one or more floors, including street level, or by more than 100 persons on one or more floors other than street level; or
4. Equipped with a fire alarm system with voice communication of the type required in Class B or M occupancies, regardless of whether such system is required in such building or space; or
5. Ordered by the department to comply with the requirements of this section, based upon a determination that compliance with this section is required in the interest of public safety given the location, use or occupancy of the building.

FSP/EAP Staff Training
FSP/EAP Staff Training

Fire Safety Director test & log record
Fire Safety Director test & log record

Fire Safety Director test & log record
Fire Safety Director test & log record

Systems Partially or Fully Out of Service: Fire suppression piping systems equipped with Fire Department connections shall follow the following procedures for identifying systems out of service:

Systems Fully Out of Service: The impairment coordinator/building owner shall ensure that the local administrative fire company, Master Fire Suppression Contractor (Class A or B) or MLP’s (as restricted) has placed one (White disc) 8 to 9 inches in diameter on all affected fire department connections. (A RED tag )shall be placed at the main control valve indicating the standpipe/sprinkler company name, date of removal from service and anticipated return to service date.

Systems Partially Out of Service: The impairment coordinator/building owner shall ensure that the local administrative fire company, FSPC’s or FDNY units Master Fire Suppression Contractor Class A or B has placed one (Blue Disc) 8 to 9 inches in diameter on all affected fire department connections. An ( RED tag ) shall be placed at the main control valve and any closed sectional valve indicating the company name, date of removal from service and anticipated return to service date. Note: The Orange and Yellow are no longer used

Tags and Disc Color code

1-System fully out of service 
2-System partially out of service 
3-System appears free of defects or deficiencies
Tags and Disc Color code

1-System fully out of service
2-System partially out of service
3-System appears free of defects or deficiencies

Tag /Disk

1-Red /White
2-Red /Blue
3-Green /N/A

Identifying COS Systems Using Discs/Tags:

Systems that are out of service, both planned and unplanned, shall be immediately identified by placing a tag at each of the following locations: fire department connections, system control valves, fire command center or other clearly visible location in the lobby of the building, indicating which system or part thereof is out of service. Impairment coordinators/building owners shall ensure the placement of these tags by MFSPC’s or MLP (as restricted) or FDNY units. In addition, for an unplanned out of service condition, a disc
(white or blue) shall be placed at all affected fire department connections to inform responding fire department units of the out of service condition. When the condition has been corrected, the disc(s) shall be removed immediately.

Tag Requirement: A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion, is out of service

I can Just post pictures like this one here >>>
But i will write some of them down so the purpose of this site can be use, like flashcards and test also they dont look really clear

Automatic Standpipe System -
Automatic Standpipe System –
A standpipe system that is attached to a water supply capable of supplying the system demand at all times and that requires no action other than opening a hose valve to provide water at hose connections.

Antifreeze Sprinkler System
Antifreeze Sprinkler System
A wet pipe sprinkler system employing automatic sprinklers that are attached to a piping system that contains an antifreeze solution and is connected to a water supply. The antifreeze solution is discharged, followed by water, immediately upon operation of sprinklers opened by heat from a fire.

Auxiliary water supply
Auxiliary water supply
supplementary source of water for a standpipe and/or sprinkler system.

Deficiency
A condition in which the application of the component is not within its designed limits or specifications.

Deluge Valve
Deluge Valve
A water supply control valve intended to be operated by actuation of an automatic detection system that is installed in the same area as the discharge devices. Each deluge valve is intended to be capable of automatic and manual operation. Deluge systems are suitable for hazardous occupancies. This includes buildings in which flammable liquids or other hazardous materials are handled or stored.

Deluge Sprinkler System
Deluge Sprinkler System
A sprinkler system employing open sprinklers that are attached to a piping system that is connected to a water supply through a valve that is opened by the operation of a detection system installed in the same areas as the sprinklers. When this valve opens, water flows into the piping system and discharges from all sprinklers attached.

Discharge Device
Discharge Device
A device designed to discharge water or foam-water solution in a predetermined, fixed, or adjustable pattern. Examples include, but are not limited to, sprinklers, spray nozzles, and hose nozzles.

Dry Pipe Sprinkler System
Dry Pipe Sprinkler System
A sprinkler system employing automatic sprinklers that are attached to a piping system containing air or nitrogen under pressure. The release of the air or nitrogen,(as from the opening of a sprinkler) results in the water pressure opening a valve known as a dry pipe valve, resulting in the flow of water into the piping system and out of the fused sprinklers heads.

Dry Sprinkler
Dry Sprinkler
A sprinkler secured in an extension nipple that has a seal at the inlet to prevent water from entering the nipple until the sprinkler operates. May be configured with an upright, pendent or sidewall sprinkler.

Spray Pattern of Sprinkler Heads – The best way to put out a fire is to spray the water from the sprinkler head downward and horizontally. The spray pattern will also prevent the spread of the fire. The force of the water against the deflector creates a heavy spray which is directed outward and downward. The shape of the deflector determines the spray pattern of the water discharged from the sprinkler head. Usually, this is an umbrella shaped spray pattern. At a distance of 4 feet below the deflector, the spray covers a circular area having a diameter of approximately 16 feet when the sprinkler is discharging 15 gpm. Sprinkler Spray patterns must not be obstructed by building components or storage (building contents must not be less than 18 inches below the sprinkler deflectors).
A 1h inch standard sprinkler head discharges 20 gallons per minute at 25 PSI

Systems Using Large Drop Sprinkler Heads –
Large drop sprinkler heads are special sprinklers designed to discharge large drops of water from the head. These sprinkler heads are used to break through the strong updrafts of high challenge fires.

Temperature Ratings Classifications and Color Coding Sprinklers shall have their frame arms, deflector, coating material, or liquid bulb colored in according the following table:
Temperature Ratings Classifications and Color Coding Sprinklers shall have their frame arms, deflector, coating material, or liquid bulb colored in according the following table:
In places where the temperature is normally high (e.g. boilers, ovens and drying rooms) a sprinkler head with a higher temperature rating must be used. This is to make sure that the sprinkler head does not discharge water at the wrong time. If heads with a high temperature rating are used in ordinary room ( e.g., an office, an apartment, and store) the value of the sprinkler protection is greatly reduced. This is because the temperature will have to increase much higher for the sprinkler heads to open.

Build-up of Foreign Material on Sprinklers –
Sometimes conditions exists which cause a build-up of foreign material on sprinkler heads. This may prevent the sprinkler head from working properly. This build-up is commonly called loading. The build-up of foreign material insulates the sprinkler head. This build-up prevents the sprinkler from opening at the desired temperature.
If the build-up is hard, it may prevent the sprinkler from opening. Replace loaded sprinkler heads with new sprinkler heads rather than attempting to clean them. If the deposits are hard, attempts to clean the heads are likely to damage them. This damage may prevent the sprinkler heads from working properly. The damage may also cause the sprinkler head to leak.

Occupant-Use Hose
Occupant-Use shall be service-tested within 90 days prior to being put in service. Service
testing of hose is to ensure its suitability for continued use.

The Centrifugal Pump -
The Centrifugal Pump –
The centrifugal fire pump is the standard pump currently used in fire
protection systems. This is the preferred pump because it is reliable, compact, requires low
maintenance, and it can be powered by a variety of drivers including: electric motors, internal
combustion engines, and steam turbines.

Principle of Operation –
The water available to the centrifugal pump must always be under
pressure because the pump cannot lift water for the supply source. A water tank can be used if the
tank supplies the pump due to gravity. In other words the weight of the water forces the water to
flow into the pump.

The Vertical Turbine Pump
The Vertical Turbine Pump
– A vertical turbine pump is really a modified centrifugal pump that has the capability to draw water from streams, ponds, wells etc. Unlike the standard centrifugal pump, the vertical turbine pump does not need the suction supply to be under pressure for it to operate. Instead it draws the water into the pump by suction. The water is drawn into the pump. When it reaches the rotating impellers the water pressure is increased and then forcefully discharged into the fire protection system.

Pump Activation –
A fire pump can be started automatically or manually.

When manually activated pumps are installed they are usually used in combination with a gravity
tank or a pressure tank. These tanks are designed to operate when there is a pressure drop in the fire
protection system.

Pump Activation –
A fire pump can be started automatically or manually. The pump can be started automatically by an electric controller or an engine controller. These controllers activate the pump when there is a drop of water pressure or water flow in the fire protection system.

When manually activated pumps are installed they are usually used in combination with a gravity tank or a pressure tank. These tanks are designed to operate when there is a pressure drop in the fire protection system.
Pressure Maintenance Pumps (Jockey Pumps)-Pressure maintenance pumps, Sometimes referred to as jockey, or makeup pumps, are often found on sprinkler systems.

Booster pumps/special service pumps –
Booster pumps are sometimes used in sprinkler systems. They small pumps with limited power are usually located in the basement or taking suction from gravity tanks.

Water Supply Pumps
Jockey Pump
2-3 GPM automatically operate when there is slight drop in pressure due to do leakage
Fill Pump
65 GPM supplies water to Gravity Tank
Special Service
100 GPM delivers 20 gpm at 25psi to top 4 floors when gravity/pressure tanks unable to supply sprinklers
Booster Pump
200 GPM delivers 20 gpm at 25 psi to top floor sprinkler heads
Fire Pump
250 to 5,000 GPM
Overview of Piping and Support Fundamentals
Sprinkler system piping is categorized as follows:
Branch lines are directly connected to sprinkler heads.
Cross mains or loop mains are directly connected to branch lines.
Feed mains are directly connected to cross mains or loop mains.
Risers are able to supply feed mains or cross mains directly.

Seismic Restraints
Seismic Restraints
The NYC Building Code adopted earthquake code requirements. This reclassification requires the installation of sway bracing for earthquake protection be installed on sprinkler systems in buildings built after 1998. The system piping shall be braced to resist both lateral and longitudinal horizontal seismic loads and to prevent vertical motion resulting from seismic events.

Dry Standpipe
Dry Standpipe
A standpipe system designed to have piping contain water only when the system is being utilized (No automatic water supply.)

Dunnage
Dunnage
Rooftop dunnage involves designing a raised series of beams (usually steel) bearing on posts or bearing walls to support mechanical equipment (usually on a roof top).

Early Suppression Fast Response Sprinkler (ESFR)
A type of fast response sprinkler that is listed for its capability to provide fire suppression of specific high challenge fire hazards.

Extra Large Orifice Sprinklers (ELO)
A sprinkler head with and orifice size equal to or greater than 1 “. Particularly for protection of high piled storage in warehouses and less pressure is required to achieve a given discharge density.

Extended Coverage Sprinklers
A type of spray sprinkler with a maximum area of coverage of 400 square feet (20 foot by 20 foot spacing between sprinklers) for light hazard occupancies to a maximum of 144 square feet (12 foot by 12 foot spacing between sprinklers) for extra hazard occupancies.

Fire Department Connection
Fire Department Connection
A connection , normally on the exterior of the building, through which the fire department can pump supplemental water into the sprinkler system, standpipe, or other system furnishing water for fire extinguishment to supplement existing water supplies.
(Formerly know as Siamese connection.)

Fire Hose
A flexible conduit constructed with one or more reinforcements (Jackets), with or without a coating or covering but with an approved non-permeable lining, or with an inner reinforcement between a protective cover and an approved non-permeable lining.

Fire Hydrant
A valve connection on a water supply system having one or more outlets and that is used to supply hose and fire department pumps with water.

Fire Pump
A pump that is a provider of liquid flow and pressure dedicated to fire protection. A fire pump is a part of a fire standpipe system’s water supply and can be powered by electric, diesel or steam. The pump intake is either connected to the public underground water supply piping or a static water source (e.g., tank, reservoir, lake). The pump provides water flow at higher pressure and volume to the standpipe system risers and hose standpipes.

Fold
A transverse bend (fold) occurring where the hose is lengthwise double over on itself, as on a pin rack.

Gallons per minute (GPM)
typically used to measure fluid flow rate (such as water) or pump capacity. Measurement of water flow rate for a pump or a fire standpipe or sprinkler system.

Glass Bulb Sprinkler
A sprinkler operated by heat breaking a glass bulb filled with a nonfreezing liquid with diameters that vary from 3mm for quick response sprinklers to 5mm for standard response sprinklers.

1-Old-Style/Conventional Sprinkler- A sprinkler that directs 40% to 60% of the water initially in a downward direction and is designed to be installed with the deflector in either the upright or pendent position.

2-Pendent Sprinkler -A sprinkler designed to be installed in such a way that the water stream is directed downward against the deflector.

3-Pintle Screws – A visual indicating device required for sprinklers manufactured prior to 1999 identifying small orifice sprinklers and large orifice sprinklers where orifice size is different than the nominal thread size of the sprinkler head.

4-Pipe Schedule Systems – A method of sizing piping based upon the number of sprinkler heads and the occupancy of the protected area.

5-Pre-action Sprinkler System – A sprinkler system employing automatic sprinklers that are attached to a piping system that contains air that may or may not be under pressure, with a supplemental detection system installed in the same areas as the sprinklers.

6-Personal Supervision – Supervision by the holder of a department certificate who is required to be personally present on the premises, or other proximate location acceptable to the department, while the duties for which the certificate is required is being performed.

7-Pounds per square inch (PSI) – a unit of pressure measuring force per unit area.

1-Static Pressure -The measurement of system pressure under non flow conditions

2-Strainer – A device capable of removing from the water all solids of sufficient size that are obstructing water spray nozzles.

3-Supervisory signal – signal indicating the need for action in connection with the supervision of guard tours, fire extinguishing systems or equipment, fire alarm systems or the maintenance features of related systems.

4-Supervisory signal-initiating device – an initiating device, such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or low-air pressure switch on a dry-pipe system, that triggers a supervisory signal head expressed in (meters-seconds) 1/2.

5-Sprinkler Identification Number (SIN)- Sprinklers manufactured after Jan. 1, 2000 are required to be marked to identify performance characteristics.

6-Supervisory signal – A signal indicating the need for action in connection with the supervision of guard tours, fire extinguishing systems or equipment, fire alarm systems or the maintenance features of related systems.

7-Sidewall Sprinkler- A sprinkler having special deflectors that are designed to discharge most of the water away from the nearby wall.

8-Small orifice sprinklers – A sprinkler head with and orifice size smaller than W’.

9-Solder Link Sprinkler A sprinkler operated by the melting of a metal link, they vary in size and configuration for quick response and standard response sprinklers. The smaller the size of the link, the faster the sprinkler operates.

10-Spray Sprinkler- A type of sprinkler listed for its capability to provide fire control for a wide range of fire hazards. The most commonly used sprinkler since 1953.

11-Sprinkler system – A fire extinguishing system, other than a mist fire extinguishing system that utilizes water as the extinguishing agent.

12-Standard Response Sprinkler Head – A sprinkler having a fusible link with a response time index (RTI) of 80 or more.

13-Supervisory signal-initiating device – An initiating device, such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or low-air pressure switch on a dry-pipe or pre-action sprinkler system, that triggers a supervisory signal.

14-Testing – A procedure used to determine the status of a system as intended by conducting periodic physical checks on water based fire protection systems such as water flow tests, fire pump tests, alarm tests, and trip tests of dry pipe or deluge valves. These tests follow the requirements for acceptance testing at intervals specified in the appropriate chapter of NFPA #25, 2011 edition.

15-Upright Sprinkler – A sprinkler designed to be installed in such a way that the water spray is directed upwards against the deflector.

16-Unlined Hose – A hose consisting of only a woven jacket that is usually of linen yarns and is of such quality that yarn swells when wet, tending to seal the hose.

1-Water Hammer – The surge in pressure when a high-velocity flow of water is abruptly shut off. The pressure exerted by the flowing water against a closed system can be seven or more times that of the static pressure

2-Water Spray – Water in a form having a predetermined pattern, particle size, velocity, and density discharge from specially designed nozzles or devices.

3-Water Supply – A source of water that provides the flows [gal/min (Umin)] and pressures [psi (bar)] required by the water-based fire protection system.

4-Water Tank -A tank supplying water for water-based fire protection systems.

5-Wet Standpipe System – A standpipe system having piping containing water at all times.

6-STANDPIPE, MULTI-ZONE A standpipe system that is vertically subdivided as required by the construction codes, including the Building Code, into zones to limit the maximum operating pressure in the system. Each zone will have its own individual automatic water supply.

7-Standpipe systems are an important part of the fire protection system in a building. The standpipe system provides water that fire fighters can manually discharge through hoses onto a fire. Water is fed into a piping system. The piping runs vertically (up and down) and horizontally (side to side) throughout the building. The piping running vertically are usually called risers. The risers are usually located in the staircase enclosures or in the hallways in the building. This piping system supplies water to every floor in the building. When a standpipe system is installed and properly maintained it is a very effective means for extinguishing fires. A typical standpipe system is shown below in the illustration below.

Gravity Tanks 
A-Single Riser Standpipe 
B-Multi-Riser Standpipe
C-Sprinkler Riser 
D-Combination Standpipe and Sprinkler Riser
Gravity Tanks
A-Single Riser Standpipe
B-Multi-Riser Standpipe
C-Sprinkler Riser
D-Combination Standpipe and Sprinkler Riser
A-3,500 gallons fire reserve
B-2 times 3,500 gallons fire reserve 5,000
C-gallons fire reserve
D-10,000 gallons fire reserve

Inspection and Maintenance of Pressure Tanks –
The water level and air pressure in pressure tanks shall be inspected monthly and maintained in accordance with NFPA#25, 2011 Edition.
Inspection and Maintenance of the Gravity Tank –
The gravity tank should be regularly inspected and maintained in accordance with NFPA #25, 2011 edition. Maintenance is needed to be sure that the tank functions correctly.

Pump Inspection and Maintenance -
Pump Inspection and Maintenance –
In order to ensure the reliable operation of the pump in the case of an emergency regular inspections and maintenance shall be conducted by the Certificate of Fitness holder. The pump should be activated each week and run for 1 O minutes in accordance to the manufacturer specifications to ensure that it is functioning properly.

Dry Pipe Valve Designs – These valves prevent water from flowing into the piping until a sprinkler head has opened. The air pressure in the system keeps the clapper closed. This clapper prevents the water from flowing into the system. When the sprinkler head opens it causes a drop of pressure in the piping. This causes the valve to open and allows water into system. Most dry pipe valves are designed so that a moderate air pressure in a dry pipe system will hold back a much greater water pressure. When the clapper has opened the valve is said to have tripped.
Higher than normal water pressure, a water hammer, may cause the dry valve to trip by accident. Water hammer is caused by a sudden flow of water or a sudden change of water pressure in the system. To reduce this danger air pressure is usually kept well above the normal trip point. The air pressure is usually set at 15 to 20 psi (pounds per square inch) above the normal trip level. Some valves are specially designed for low pressures. In all cases the manufacturer’s instructions regarding pressures to be maintained shall be followed.
Quick Opening Devices – In a dry pipe system there is a delay between the opening of a sprinkler and the discharge of water. This delay may allow the fire to spread and more sprinkler heads to open. The delay is due to the time required for the air leave the sprinkler piping. This difficulty may be partly overcome by the installation of quick opening devices.
Two devices are used to reduce the time needed to open the clapper and allow water into the system. These devices are an accelerator and an exhauster. They are both automatically activated when a drop of 2 psi in air pressure is detected in the system. They quickly change the water and air pressure balance in the system. This change trips the dry pipe valve allowing the water to force its way through the sprinkler piping in less time. The failure of an accelerator or exhauster to operate will increase the normal tripping of a dry pipe valve.
PRE-ACTION SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
Preaction systems are designed for situations where there is danger of serious water damage. Water damage is usually caused by damaged sprinklers or broken piping. Under normal conditions there is no water in the piping. The air in the piping may or may not be is

Pre-action System with a Recycling Feature – A special kind of pre-action system is a recycling system for controlling sprinklers. This system shuts off the water when the fire has been put out or the heat drops. If the fire rekindles or the heat rises sharply, water is discharged again. The system continues cycling on and off as long as the fire persists.

Combined Dry Pipe and Pre-action Systems – These systems have the basic features of both types of systems. The piping system contains air under pressure. A heat detecting device opens the water control valve and a quick opening device. The system then fills with water and operates as a wet pipe system. If the heat detecting system fails, the system will operate as a standard dry pipe system.

DELUGE SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
A deluge sprinkler system is equipped with open sprinkler heads designed to wet down an entire area involved in a fire. This system is needed when there is danger of a fire rapidly spreading throughout the building. The deluge system will slow down the spread of the fire. Deluge systems are suitable for hazardous occupancies. This includes buildings in which flammable liquids or other hazardous materials are handled or stored.
The sprinkler heads in the deluge system are open at all times. Under normal conditions there is no water in the piping. The air in the piping is not under pressure. A closed control

Typical Wet Dry Pipe System
Most standard sprinkler systems have devices that automatically sound an alarm when a sprinkler head discharges water. This alarm is usually an audible signal in the building. In many cases they also give an alarm at a remote location, such as an approved central station company. The central station company monitors the entire fire protection system for water discharge and problems with the equipment. When water discharge or equipment problems are identified the local fire house is immediately notified. This allows the Fire Department to gain control of a fire as quickly as possible. Water is rarely discharged accidentally from sprinkler heads.
The most commonly installed system is wet pipe systems which have water in the piping at all times. This type of system is used where the temperature is maintained at minimum of 40F to prevent the system from freezing. Where temperatures drop below freezing the ordinary wet pipe system cannot be used. There are two methods for using automatic sprinklers in places exposed to freezing temperatures. One method is a system where water enters the sprinkler piping only after a control valve is opened. These are dry pipe systems, deluge systems, or pre-action systems. The other method adds an antifreeze solution to the water in the wet pipe system. The antifreeze solution is a mixture of chemicals designed to prevent the water from freezing.

GARBAGE COMPACTOR SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
Waste compactors are usually found in tall multiple dwelling complexes such as apartment buildings. They are used to reduce the trash buildup in a building. They consist of a tall chute with an opening at each floor. These opening are used for trash disposal. Occupants of the buildings take their trash and throw it through the opening and down the chute. The trash piles up at the bottom of the chute where a device regularly crushes the trash into smaller blocks of trash. The blocks of trash are then removed and taken to a garbage dump. The compactor may be located indoors or outdoors.
The build-up of trash in the compactor chute is a fire hazard
A minimum of 6 extra sprinkler heads with the appropriate wrenches shall be available to replace any opened or damaged sprinkler heads. Opened or damaged sprinkler heads shall be replaced immediately. A garden hose connected to a water supply shall be kept in the compactor room. This hose may be used to put out small fires or smoldering material in the compactor room.

Classes of Standpipes Systems

Class I: This system is designed to be used by professional fire fighters. For example, the system is used by Fire Department and Fire Brigade personnel. The fire hoses in these systems are 2 1/2 inches in diameter. The large hose diameter makes it difficult to control the stream of water from the hose.

Class II: This system is designed to be used by the occupants of a building. The hose and nozzle are connected to the standpipe. They are ready to be used by occupants in case of a fire. The hose is 1 1/2 inches in diameter. The hose stream is easier to control than the Class I hose.

Class Ill: This system may be used by either professional fire fighters or by occupants of the building. The hosing may be adjusted to either 1 1/2 or 2 1/2 inches in diameter. This is done by attaching special reducing valves to the hose line.

TYPES OF STANDPIPE SYSTEMS

Wet Standpipe: This system always has water in the piping. The water in the system is always under pressure. In some cases a fire pump may be used to increase the water pressure. The wetpipe system is the most commonly used standpipe system. It is used in heated buildings where there is no danger of the water in the piping freezing. Any part of the standpipe system that is exposed to freezing temperatures should be insulated. It is very important that the water in the piping does not freeze. Frozen water may prevent the standpipe system from working.

Dry Standpipe with an Automatic Dry Pipe Valve (Manual Standpipe) • This system is usually supplied by a public water main. Under normal conditions there is no water in the piping. Instead, there is air under pressure in the piping. A dry pipe valve is installed to prevent water from entering the standpipe system. The dry pipe valve is designed to open when there is drop of air pressure in the standpipe. When a hose is opened it causes a drop in air pressure in the standpipe system. Then the dry pipe valve automatically lets water flow into the standpipe. A control valve is installed at the automatic water supply connection. This valve should be kept open at all times to supply the standpipe system. This system is usually installed in a building that is not heated. Most dry pipe valves are designed so that a moderate air pressure in a dry pipe system will hold back a much greater water pressure. A drop of pressure in the piping will cause the clapper to open. The valve is said to have tripped.

Quick opening devices are used to reduce the time needed to open the clapper and allow water into the sprinkler or standpipe system. These devices are an accelerator and an exhauster. They are both automatically activated when a drop of 2 psi in air pressure is detected in the system. They quickly change the water and air pressure balance in the system. This change trips the dry pipe valve allowing the water to force its way through the piping in less time. The failure of an accelerator or exhauster to operate will increase the normal tripping of a dry pipe valve.

Dry Standpipe with a Manual Control Valve – This system is supplied by a public water main. Under normal conditions this system has no water in the piping. The water is not allowed into the standpipe until a control valve is manually operated. The control valve remains closed until a fire occurs. The air in the piping is not under pressure. A pre-action valve prevents the water from entering the system. The valve is automatically opened when a fire detection system discovers that there is a fire. This system is usually used in a building that is not heated.

Dry Standpipe with No Permanent Water Supply – Under normal conditions this system has no water in the piping. Water is pumped into the standpipe system by the Fire Department. The water is pumped in through the Fire Department connection. This system cannot be used unless water is supplied by the Fire Department. A sign must be attached to each of the hose outlets. It should read “Dry Standpipe for Fire Department Use Only”. This system is usually used in a building that is not heated such as unoccupied buildings and parking garage structures. Special care must be taken when using a dry standpipe system. The nozzle must never be pointed at the fire until all of the air has been drained from the system. Otherwise, pressurized air would be discharged onto the fire. This would cause the fire to burn more intensely.

Yard Systems – A yard hydrant system is most often used in large private manufacturing plants or storage buildings. The yard system is often needed because the public water supply does not meet the needs of the fire protection system. The yard system usually has several private water sources supplying the total fire protection system. The total system may have a sprinkler system, hydrants, and a standpipe and hose system installed.

The water supply sources are all connected together in the yard system. This allows the water to be directly supplied to any part of the system when needed. Water can be supplied even when one of the supply sources is not working. The combined sources of water keep the water pressure in the system at a high level. The picture below shows a detailed yard fire protection system.

Public Waterworks Connection – The street main supplies water using the water pressure in the public water works system. Sometimes a street main may not be connected to the system if it is located too far away from the building.

Pressure Tank – This tank may supply water to the yard system under pressure. The tank is filled with water and air. The air forces the water out under pressure when part of the fire protection system is activated.

Post Indicator Valve – The water supply sources are all connected to a main water supply grid. This supply grid surrounds the entire building. Control valves are installed at various locations on the system. These valves are called post indicator valves (PIV). As the name suggests they indicate the position of the valve. The valves are manually operated. Each valve has two positions, opened and closed. Under normal conditions the PIV valves are sealed open. The PIV valves allow the Fire Department to shut down only part of the system. The PIV valves are also used to shut down parts of the system when conducting repairs and maintenance. The water in the yard system is not allowed to flow into the public water system. It is prevented from doing so by a check valve.

Combination I Combined Standpipe Systems

It is not uncommon to find occupancies having a combination of systems for fire protection. Examples of combination systems are:

a. Combination System (Wet standpipe and Dry standpipe)
b. Combined System ( Wet standpipe system and Automatic Sprinkler System)-A standpipe system having piping that supplies both hose connections and automatic sprinklers. Each connection from a standpipe that is part of a combined system to a sprinkler system shall have an individual control valve and check valve of the same size as the connection.

Planned or Unplanned Area
In any occupancy, where a required fire protection system (e.g. sprinkler system, fire alarm
system and standpipe system) is out of service, a fire watch shall be maintained by one or
more persons holding an F-01 or F-32 (Fire Guard for Shopping Center) or F-36 (Fire
Guard Generic) or F-91 (Hotels/Motels/Office Buildings) certificate of fitness for fire guard.
The fire guard(s) is/are required to be immediately available when the system is out-of
service with the following exception:
For the initial 4 hours of an unplanned and planned out of service condition when the
affected area does not exceed 50,000 square feet, the impairment coordinator or a trained
and knowledgeable person who is capable of performing fire watch duties and is
designated by the building owner may perform the duties of the fire watch.

Gravity Tanks 
A- Single Riser Standpipe
B- Multi-Riser Standpipe 
C- Sprinkler Riser 
D- Combination Standpipe and Sprinkler Riser
Gravity Tanks
A- Single Riser Standpipe
B- Multi-Riser Standpipe
C- Sprinkler Riser
D- Combination Standpipe and Sprinkler Riser
A- 3,500 gallons fire reserve
B- 2 times 3,500 gallons fire reserve
C- 5,000 gallons fire reserve
D-10,000 gallons fire reserve

WATER-FLOW ALARMS AND SPRINKLER SYSTEM SUPERVISION
Functions of Alarms and Supervisory Signals – A sprinkler system with a water alarm serves two functions: 1) It is an effective fire extinguishing system, and 2) It is an automatic fire alarm. An alarm is signaled as soon as a sprinkler head has opened. This is important since it allows the occupants’ time to leave the building. It also signals that the Fire Department should be summoned.

Devices and Equipment Supervised. Sprinkler system supervision is commonly provided for several purposes. They are used to supervise 1) water supply control valves, 2) low water level in water supply tanks, 3) low temperature in water supply tanks or ground level reservoirs, 4) high or low water level in pressure tanks, 5) high or low air pressure in pressure tanks, 6) high or low air pressure in dry pipe sprinkler systems, 7) failure of electric power supply to fire pumps and, 8) automatic operation of electric fire pumps.

Water flow Alarm Valves – The basic design of most water-flow alarm valves is that of a check valve which lifts from its seat when water flows into a sprinkler system. This alarm then starts an audible signal to alert the occupants in the building that the sprinkler system has been activated.

Vane type waterflow – Switches have a paddle inserted inside the main supply piping perpendicular to the direction of flow. Upon water flow, the paddle switch transmits an alarm. Vane type waterflow switches cannot be installed to monitor water flow in dry pipe sprinkler systems.

Alarm Retarding Devices – An alarm check valve that is exposed to changing water supply pressure needs an alarm retarding device. This is required to prevent false alarms when the check valve clapper is lifted from its seat by a temporary pressure surge. Vane type waterflow switches sensitivity can also be adjusted to changing water pressures.

Roof Manifold
Standpipe systems are used in buildings where it may be difficult for the Fire Department to pump water on the fire. For example, standpipe systems are required in buildings that are over six stories 75 feet in height. A standpipe system may be combined with an automatic fire protection system. For example, a standpipe system and a sprinkler system may be installed in the same building. The standpipe and the sprinkler systems may even share the same water supply and riser piping. The top of the standpipe riser extends up onto the roof. Three hose connections are attached to the top of the standpipe riser. These three connections make up the roof manifold. The roof manifold is used when extinguishing fires on the roof or adjacent buildings. It is also used when testing the water flow in the standpipe.
At the top of the highest riser there shall be provided, above the main roof level, a three way manifold equipped with three 2 1/2 in. hose valves with hose valve caps. The manifold may be set in a horizontal or vertical position, provided the hose outlets are set back between 18 in. and 60 in. above the roof level.

Alarms and Supervisory Signal Devices
Supervisory devices are often connected to a central station company which monitors the sprinkler/standpipe system for problems with equipment and when standpipe hoses have been activated. In order to reduce the number of unwarranted alarms it is important that the central monitoring station is notified when any of the control valves are closed for maintenance or repair of the sprinkler system.

Standpipe systems are designed with built-in alarm devices. The most appropriate course of action to take when one of these devices activated is to respond to the fire alarm panel.

Devices and Equipment Supervised
Standpipe and Sprinkler systems supervision is commonly provided for (1) water supply control valves; (2) low water level in water supply tanks; (3) low temperature in water supply tanks or ground level reservoirs; (4) high or low water level in pressure tanks; (5) high or low air pressure in pressure tanks; (6) high or low air pressure in dry pipe sprinkler systems; (7) failure of electric power supply to fire pumps; (8) automatic operation of electric fire pumps, and (9) fire detection devices used in conjunction with deluge and/or pre action and recycling systems.

Water flow Alarms (Sprinkler or Standpipe Systems)
Water flow alarms and fire alarms give warning of the actual occurrence of a fire or other conditions such as broken piping. Alarms alert occupants and summon the Fire Department. Any signal, whether water flow or supervisory, may be used to give an audible local alarm. It may also send a signal to a central station company. The central station company will then contact the Fire Department. Water operated alarm devices must be located near the alarm valve, dry pipe valve, or other water control valves in order to avoid long runs of connecting pipe.

Pressure Tank Alarms
All pressure tanks used to provide the required primary water supply of a sprinkler or standpipe system should be equipped with a high and low air pressure, and a high and low water level electrical alarm system. This alarm system automatically controls the air-towater ratio which should always be 1 to 2. However, when the water level or the air pressure falls below acceptable levels, an alarm signals to the C of F holder that there is a problem with the pressure tank.

Alarm Retarding Devices: An alarm check valve that is exposed to changing water supply pressure needs an alarm-retarding device. This is required to prevent unwarranted alarms when the check valve clapper is lifted from its seat by a temporary pressure surge.

OS & Y (Outside Screw and Yoke) -Are gate valves that are installed at several places in the system. The OS valves are found just inside the building wall on the main riser, or outside in protected pits. The OS& Y valves can be used to shut down just a part of the standpipe system. Sections may be shut down when fighting a fire. Sections are also shut down for testing, repairs or maintenance. It is easy to tell if the OS is in the open or closed position. If the stem is raised (OUT) above the control wheel the valve is open. If the stem is flush (IN) with the control wheel the valve is closed.
OS & Y (Outside Screw and Yoke) -Are gate valves that are installed at several places in the system. The OS&Y valves are found just inside the building wall on the main riser, or outside in protected pits. The OS& Y valves can be used to shut down just a part of the standpipe system. Sections may be shut down when fighting a fire. Sections are also shut down for testing, repairs or maintenance. It is easy to tell if the OS&Yvalve is in the open or closed position. If the stem is raised (OUT) above the control wheel the valve is open. If the stem is flush (IN) with the control wheel the valve is closed.
Gate Valves (Non-Rising Stem) – Gate valves of the non-indicating type are provided in water distribution systems to allow for segments of the standpipe system to be shut off for repairs or maintenance without reducing protection over a wide area. Such valves are normally a non-rising stem type, which requires a special key wrench to operate. A valve box is located over the valve to keep dirt from the valve and to provide a convenient access point for the valve wrench to the valve nut. A complete record should be made for each valve in the system, including date of installation make, direction of opening, number of turns to open, any maintenance performed.

Nozzles 
Discharge Device - A device designed to discharge water in a predetermined, fixed, or adjustable pattern. Examples include, but are not limited to, spray nozzles, and hose nozzles. Nozzles on 2 1/2 in. hose, except for yard hydrants, shall be at least 15 in. in length, and shall have a smooth bore with a 1 in. or 1 1/8 in. discharge orifice. A nozzle is attached at the end of the hose. The nozzle is used to direct the stream of water from the hose.
Nozzles
Discharge Device – A device designed to discharge water in a predetermined, fixed, or adjustable pattern. Examples include, but are not limited to, spray nozzles, and hose nozzles. Nozzles on 2 1/2 in. hose, except for yard hydrants, shall be at least 15 in. in length, and shall have a smooth bore with a 1 in. or 1 1/8 in. discharge orifice. A nozzle is attached at the end of the hose. The nozzle is used to direct the stream of water from the hose.
Nozzles at auxiliary hose stations shall be Fire Department approved adjustable combination fog nozzles. The hose and nozzle must be easy to reach at all times. Hose stations shall be located so that every point in the floor area served by the hose station is within 20 feet of the end of the hose nozzle with the hose in its extended position. The maximum length of a single hose line is 125 feet. Sometimes the hoses are installed in cabinets. If the hoses are installed in cabinets each cabinet should be labeled “FIRE HOSE”. When the hose outlets are not easy to see, signs should be posted telling where the hose outlets are located. Nozzle valves attached to in-service hose shall be kept in the closed position.

Gravity Tanks: Gravity tanks of adequate capacity and elevation make a good primary
supply and may be acceptable as a single supply. A gravity tank may be located on the top
of a building or on a tall tower.
Pressure Tanks: Pressure tanks have several possible uses in automatic sprinkler fire
protection systems. The tank is normally kept two-thirds at or full of water and one third full
of air. The air pressure in the tank shall be maintained at or above 75 psi.

Fire Pumps: Fire pumps can be used as a main water supply source for sprinkler
systems. They may also be used in combination with gravity tanks to supply sprinkler
system. Fire pumps are designed to take the water from a supply source and then
discharge the water into the fire protection system under pressure.
Functions of Alarms and Supervisory Signals – A sprinkler system with a water alarm serves
two functions: 1) It is an effective fire extinguishing system, and 2) It is an automatic fire alarm.

INSPECTIONS - TESTS - MAINTENANCE
INSPECTIONS – TESTS – MAINTENANCE
Fire Safety Director Tasks

1- How often should a gauge on a non-supervised dry sprinkler system be inspected?
Weekly

2- How often do you test a water flow alarm device in a sprinkler system?
Semi-Annually- occurring every six months

3. How often should a gauge on a supervised dry sprinkler system be inspected?
Monthly

4. How often should an alarm device on a sprinkler system be inspected?
Quarterly – four times a year

5. How often do you test a standard response sprinkler head?
50 years

6. How often should the fuel in a diesel fire pump be inspected?
Weekly

7. How often should the fuses in a diesel fire pump be inspected?
Monthly

8. How often should the water temperature of a gravity tank with a low temperature alarm be inspected?
Weekly

9. How often do you test an electric fire pump?
Monthly

10. How often should the water temperature of a gravity tank without a low temperature alarm be inspected?
Daily

11. How often should the air pressure of a pressure tank without a supervised air pressure source be inspected?
Monthly

12. How often do you perform maintenance on a sprinkler system valve?
Annually- every 12 months or once a year

13. How often do you test a water level alarm in a water tank?
Semi-Annually- occurring every six months

14. How often do you perform maintenance on fuses in a diesel engine fire pump?
Semi-Annually – occurring every six months or twice a year

15. How often should the air pressure of a pressure tank with a supervised air pressure source be inspected?
Quarterly – four times a year

16. How often should Fire Department connections be inspected?
Quarterly – four times a year

17. How often do you perform maintenance on control valves?
Annually- every 12 months or once a year

18. How often should interior check valves be inspected?
Every 5 years

Major component descriptions and functions:
Fire Command Station panels have three distinctive elements:
1- ALARM PANEL- INITIATED BY
• Manual pull stations
• Smoke detectors
o Elevator lobby type
o Air handling ducts
o Area
• Water flow from sprinklers
2- WARDEN PHONE SYSTEM
• a designated floor warden station on each floor
• mechanical control center
• elevators
• air-handling control rooms
• elevator machine rooms

Note: Hotels use portable emergency phones from the standpipe line with RCA type
Phone jacks
Means on every floor to communicate by telephone with the fire command station:

Initiating Devices:
Fire alarm sending stations for all systems shall be painted red. A diagonal white stripe
one inch wide from the upper left hand corner to lower right hand corner shall be painted
or applied to sending stations which transmit a fire alarm signal to the fire department via
a central station of a franchised operating company. The stripe shall not render any
lettering illegible or obliterate the station number. In newer buildings the fire alarm pull
stations will be located approximately 48 inches from the floor and within 5 feet of an exit.

Manually activated fire alarms
Some fire alarms are activated automatically. Special sensors detect heat or smoke and sound an
alarm. Other fire alarms must be activated manually. A person who notices a fire emergency must
activate the alarm by hand. Fire alarms that are manually activated use fire alarm stations. Fire
alarm stations are usually located near the natural exits from a building. There must be at least one
manual fire alarm station on each floor of a building.
There are two types of manual fire alarm stations.
They are called single action and double
action stations.

Single action stations: Single action stations require only
one step to activate the alarm. For example, the alarm might
be activated by pulling down on a lever. An example of a
single action station is shown below. This kind of alarm
station is often found indoors, e.g., in office buildings. The
cover on these alarm stations serves as a lever. When the
cover is pulled down, it allows a switch inside to close. This
sends the alarm signal.
Single action stations: Single action stations require only
one step to activate the alarm. For example, the alarm might
be activated by pulling down on a lever. An example of a
single action station is shown below. This kind of alarm
station is often found indoors, e.g., in office buildings. The
cover on these alarm stations serves as a lever. When the
cover is pulled down, it allows a switch inside to close. This
sends the alarm signal.

break glass station requires someone to break a small pane
of glass with a small metal mallet.
break glass station requires someone to break a small pane
of glass with a small metal mallet.

Double action stations: Double action stations require two steps in order to activate the alarm.
The user must first break a glass, open a door or lift a cover. The user can then gain access to a
switch or lever which must then be operated to initiate an alarm. To activate this type of alarm
station the cover must be lifted before the lever is pulled. This kind of double action station is often
found indoors.
Double Action Stations
The alarm stations used to activate the fire alarm system are
called initiating devices. The Certificate of Fitness holder must
know how to manually operate each alarm station on the
premises. Once activated, the fire alarm system can not be shut
off at the fire alarm station. The alarm must be shut off at a main
control panel using a special key. This key must be located near
the control panel at all times. The alarm may be turned off only b:
a Certificate of Fitness holder or by a Fire Department
representative.

A silencing switch may be installed in the fire alarm system. Under special circumstances the
silencing switch may be used to turn off part of the system. For example, the silencing switch may
be used to turn off the sirens and bells after the building has been evacuated. However, the
silencing switch does not prevent a signal from being transmitted to a central station company. All
fire alarm stations installed or relocated after 4/1/84 should be installed so that the handle is
approximately four feet from the floor and it is located within (5 ft) of the exit doorway opening.
Manual stations should never be blocked or obstructed
Fire Alarm Sending Stations, Class “E” and Class J (class B & R-1 new code): All pull-lever
type stations shall be constructed with a door or other approved means to protect the “pull lever”
against accidental injury. The wording “IN CASE OF FIRE – OPEN DOOR AND PULL DOWN
LEVER” in raised letters or equivalent instructions, shall appear on the door.

FIRE GUARD FOR TORCH OPERATIONS
Torches are commonly used in heating, cutting, and welding operations. When in use, the
torches are connected to gas cylinders by hoses. The gases inside the cylinders are used
to fuel the torch. The gases are required to generate a high temperature flame. Several
different gases may be used to fuel the torch. However, acetylene and propane are the
most commonly used fuel gases. Acetylene and propane are highly explosive and must be
used with caution. These fuel gases must be mixed with oxygen to intensify and control the
flame.
FIRE GUARD FOR TORCH OPERATIONS
Torches are commonly used in heating, cutting, and welding operations. When in use, the
torches are connected to gas cylinders by hoses. The gases inside the cylinders are used
to fuel the torch. The gases are required to generate a high temperature flame. Several
different gases may be used to fuel the torch. However, acetylene and propane are the
most commonly used fuel gases. Acetylene and propane are highly explosive and must be
used with caution. These fuel gases must be mixed with oxygen to intensify and control the
flame.
The color of the gas cylinders most commonly used are shown below:
Oxygen – Green
Acetylene – Black
Propane – Red

A fire guard is required to monitor all torch operations. The fire guard must pay particular
attention to the sparks generated when the torch is in use.

Fire Guard Duties
At least one fire guard is required for each torch operator. The fire guard must observe the
torch operations to make sure that stray sparks do not cause a fire. The fire guard must
extinguish all stray sparks immediately. A second fire guard is required when the torch is
used in a multilevel building. The second fire guard must be positioned on the floor below
the torch operations and extinguish any stray sparks that fall to that floor. The fire guards
must concentrate in on preventing fires. They may not be assigned any other duty while
acting as a fire guard.
The fire guards must be equipped with the appropriate fire extinguishing devices.
Generally, water type fire extinguishers, several pails of water, and fully charged fire hoses
are considered acceptable fire extinguishing devices. However, dry chemicals or CO2 fire
extinguishers may be required in areas exposed to flammable liquids or oils.
The fire guard must remove all combustible materials located within 35 feet of the torch
operations. When this is not possible the combustible materials must be covered with a
protective shield. The shield must be fire resistant.

The entire work area should be checked after completion of hot work for fires. For all hot
work, the inspection must be conducted 30 minutes after completion of torch
operations. *In the best practice and for any CNG or LPG torch operation, the 2nd
inspection should be 1 hour after completion of torch operations. Inspection is conducted
to detect any smoldering fires. If a small fire is discovered it must be extinguished by the
fire guard. When a major fire is discovered the fire guard must contact the Fire Department
immediately. The Fire Department may be reached by dialing 911.
Fire watch – shall be maintained during hot work operations. The fire watch shall continue
for a minimum of 30 minutes after the conclusion of the work.

Fire guards for torch operations The fire watch for torch operations conducted at the
following locations shall be conducted by fire guards:
1. Construction sites.
2. On any rooftop, or in connection with any torch-applied roof system operation.
3. In any building or structure, when the torch operation is conducted by a person
holding a citywide permit for torch operations.

Smoke detectors- in elevator lobbies and machinery rooms recall all elevators in the
effected bank of cars to the main lobby or alternate.
Duct detectors- shut down HVAC movement on the affected floors.

Area detectors- can take the place of sprinkler protection in high voltage rooms.
Area detectors- actuate the automatic extinguishing systems in the protected area.
Water flow alarm signals indicate a sprinkler operation on a given floor or area and will
recall elevators and may shut down HVAC units on affected floors.

Beam detector- is used to protect large areas where spot type area smoke detectors are
not practical. It is a light beam that when broken by any combustible particles will set the
detector (Specialty device approved by the Commissioner of The New York City Fire
Department).
Heat Detector- A sensors that detects abnormally high temperature or rate of
temperature rise. Heat detectors have been shown to be very effective in reducing fire
damage.

(The rate-of-rise heat detectors) activate the alarm when the room temperature increases
at a rapid rate. This type of detector is more sensitive than the fixed temperature detector.
The rate-of-rise heat detector does not have to be replaced after it has activated the fire
alarm.
(The fixed-temperature heat detectors) activate the alarm when the detector components
melt at a preset temperature level. The fixed-temperature heat detectors normally require
replacement after they have sounded an alarm. However, intelligent heat detectors will
usually reset themselves.

Carbon Monoxide Detectors- are required in any building that has fossil (gas and oil) fuel (
burning equipments.

Signaling devices:
Speaker alarm devices, such as horns, sirens, beeps, etc. combined with strobe lights
flashing, give the alarm signal to the floors in alarm (only).
Smoke Detector Design and Installation
• Smoke detectors may be installed on walls or ceilings.
o On walls they must be between 4 and 12 inches from the ceiling.
o On ceilings they must be at least 4 inches from the wall and at least 3 feet from
any heating vents (prevents air from vents blowing the smoke away from
detectors).
Ionization Smoke Detectors
• Are used where slow smoldering fires can occur (radioactive).
Photo Electric Detectors
• Are used where rapid fire spread can occur.

Sub-System
Sub-System is an activating (voluntary or required) system installed in a specific area or
floor for a specific purpose in a building that has a required (mandated) base building fire
alarm system.
All Sub-Systems including but not limited to the following; Halon, Co2, FM200, Water
Mist, Pre-Action, Range Hood, Carbon Dioxide, Foam system, Dry Chemical, Smoke
Detection or Thermostatic Systems shall be subject to Fire Department inspection and
test for issuance of Letter of Approval for such Sub-System(s).

Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP)

The FACP monitors inputs and control output through various types of circuits. FACP
processes all abnormal conditions (alarm, trouble & supervisory) and indicates
appropriately based on action programmed for the respective device.

Three types of signals initiated by FACP
Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP)

The FACP monitors inputs and control output through various types of circuits. FACP
processes all abnormal conditions (alarm, trouble & supervisory) and indicates
appropriately based on action programmed for the respective device.

Three types of signals initiated by FACP

1. Alarm Signal: A signal initiated by a fire alarm initiating device such as a manual fire
alarm pull station, automatic fire detector, water flow switch, or other device in which
activation is indicative of the presence of a fire or fire signature. When a fire signal is
generated, the FACP activates the building audible and visual devices connected to the
fire alarm (i.e. horn/strobes), sends a signal to an FDNY approved central station, and
actuates

2. Supervisory Signals: A supervisory signal indicates system or device being monitored
has been compromised or is in an abnormal state. A supervisory signal will audibly and
visually annunciate at the FACP to indicate the supervisory condition needs to be
investigated and corrected. The FACP will also send a supervisory signal to an FDNY
approved central station.
Common Supervisory Signals include:
• Control valves- i.e. sprinkler system tamper switches ( supervised for off-normal
conditions) Pressure valves-supervised for high and low pressure
• Water tanks-supervised for high/low water and temperature
• Electric fire pumps-supervised for pump running, pump failure, and phase reversal A
system reset is often required to clear supervisory conditions. A system reset does
not clear trouble conditions. Most trouble conditions will clear automatically when
conditions are returned to normal.

3. Trouble Signals:
3. Trouble Signals:
A signal initiated by the fire alarm system or device indicative of a
fault in monitored circuit or component. A trouble signal will audibly and visually
annunciate at the FACP to indicate that the trouble condition needs to be investigated
and corrected. Common trouble conditions monitored by the FACP would be battery
condition, AC failure, ground fault, open or short circuit on a wire, phone line failure, or
internal component failure.

Acknowledge Switch Or Button:
Acknowledge Switch Or Button:
also abbreviated as (ACK) is used to acknowledge
alarm, trouble or supervisory condition and silence the panel. The sequence and
procedures may differ in every fire alarm system

Alarm silence switch or button:
Alarm silence switch or button:
Is used to silence the building audible and visual
devices after evacuation is complete while the source of alarm is being investigated. Never
reset the fire alarm system until the condition is verified by the FDNY personnel.

System reset switch or button: is used to reset the fire alarm system after an alarm
condition has been cleared. All initiating devices should return to normal condition after
manually resetting.
System reset switch or button: is used to reset the fire alarm system after an alarm
condition has been cleared. All initiating devices should return to normal condition after
manually resetting.
• If an initiating device is still in alarm after the system is reset, such as smoke
detectors continuing to sense smoke, or a manual pull station still in an activated
position, another alarm will be generated.
• A system reset is often required to clear supervisory conditions. A system reset
does not clear trouble conditions. Most trouble conditions will clear automatically
when conditions are returned to normal.
• Do not reset the fire alarm panel until the fire alarm condition is verified by the
FDNY personnel.

Remote Annunciator
Located in the Mechanical Control Center and at the regularly assigned location of the fire
safety director. It will give immediate notice of an alarm for fire or a trouble signal at the
Fire Command Station. A remote annunciator panel when installed shall function for visual
notification of alarm, supervisory or trouble conditions
only.
Note: This station is not a required post to be monitored in person.
THIS IS NOT THE
Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP)
THIS IS A secondary DEVICE

Area Smoke Detector: Smoke detectors must be cleaned at least once every six months. This procedure
makes sure that the detector is kept in good working condition.
Area Smoke Detector: Smoke detectors must be cleaned at least once every six months. This procedure
makes sure that the detector is kept in good working condition.
A smoke detector is a device that detects visible or
invisible particles of combustion. Smoke detectors have been shown to be very
effective in reducing fire damage and loss of life.

Duct smoke detector
Duct smoke detector
is designed to sample air flow in the HVAC air duct
and to detect presence of particles of combustion.

Duct smoke detector
Proper preventative measures shall be taken to protect all fire alarm initiating
devices i.e. Smoke, heat and duct detectors especially during construction.
Duct smoke detector
Proper preventative measures shall be taken to protect all fire alarm initiating
devices i.e. Smoke, heat and duct detectors especially during construction.

The rate-of-rise heat detectors
The rate-of-rise heat detectors
activate the alarm when the room temperature increases
at a rapid rate. This type of detector is more sensitive than the fixed temperature detector.
The rate-of-rise heat detector does not have to be replaced after it has activated the fire
alarm. All heat detectors require special attention. They must be carefully installed
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

The fixed-temperature heat detectors
The fixed-temperature heat detectors
activate the alarm when the detector components
melt at a preset temperature level. The fixed-temperature heat detectors normally require
replacement after they have sounded an alarm. However, intelligent heat detectors will
usually reset themselves.

Sprinkler Water Flow Detector
Sprinkler Water Flow Detector
A sprinkler water flow detector is a device which
initiates an alarm indicating a flow of water in a
sprinkler system. It is designed to signal when water
flows through the fire protection system.
The mechanical responsibility for the entire sprinkler
system falls under the supervision of the
sprinkler/standpipe C of F holder.

Pressure Supervisory Switch
Supervisory Devices:
NY Fire Safety Institute
Fire Safety Director Course
Supervisory devices are commonly installed as part of some protection systems. The
supervisory devices monitor important parts of the system. A supervisory alarm such as a
bell will be sounded when there is an off normal condition with a system or device being
monitored. For example, a signal will be sounded when a control valve closed or in the
wrong position. This kind of signal is commonly called a supervisory signal. The signal is
always transmitted to the main control panel. When a supervisory condition is indicated the
Certificate of Fitness holder should check the system in order to identify the part of the
system that caused the signal. Then that part of the system should be identified and dealt
with accordingly. The supervisory signal may be transmitted to a FDNY approved central
station company as well. Some control panels indicate the exact location of the trouble.
Other panels only display a general supervisory signal. For example, a lighted panel might
indicate only that there is a problem somewhere in the fire protection system. Each
supervised device must then be inspected to determine which part is causing the signal.
Occasionally on some older systems the supervisory devices are wire to indicate a trouble
condition if the Fire Alarm panel had no prevision of “Supervisory Alarm”.
Common supervised conditions include:
1. Control valves- i.e. sprinkler system tamper switches ( supervised for off-normal
conditions) Pressure valves-supervised for high and low pressure
2. Water tanks-supervised for high/low water and temperature
3. Electric fire pumps-supervised for pump running, pump failure, and phase reversal

Communication System
A functioning communication system is required as part of the fire alarm system when it is
applicable. There are one and two-way communication system. The Certificate of Fitness
holder must make sure that all communication units are working correctly.

A. One way communication entails use of a public address system. Some buildings
also have a public address system installed which is not part of the approved fire alarm
system. Although not approved, the public address system may be used to warn and
instruct building occupants in case of a fire emergency. All communication systems
may be used to issue evacuation instructions in building requiring two way
communications.
B. The two way communication system uses warden phones. Warden phones
must be placed at several locations in the building. The warden phones are usually
located near exit stairways in the building. A warden phone must also be installed in the
FACP. The FACP is used to issue instructions during a fire emergency. Portable two way
radios may also be used as a means of communication.

Office Building under 100 feet in Height (Mini-class E)
Requires a mini Class E communications
system (no interior alarm system)
Includes: Warden Phones on all floors with buzzer notification
Fire Command Station in lobby
One ( 1) pull station to central office in lobby
If over 75′ and under 100′- a Public Address System is required

One Story Motel/Hotel with more than 30 Lodgers or Sleeping Rooms
Requires one manual pull station at manager’s office
(Note: Hardwired smoke detectors in all sleeping rooms under other rules)

Motel/Hotel less than 75 feet with more than 15 Lodgers or Rooms Above 1st Floor (Mini-class J}
Requires approved existing Interior Fire Alarm (IFA) to a floors and one manual pull
station at manager’s office.

Office Buildings 100 feet or more in Height
NEW (after 1973) FULL Class E (Class B new code) system requires:
• Dual amplifiers and A & B circuits (redundancy) alarm on all floors
• Manual pull stations at every exit door from floors and from the building
• Elevator lobby smoke detectors and water flow will recall elevators
• Duct smoke detectors shut down HVAC fans
• Floor Warden Phones on all floors
• Public Address System
• Fire Command Station

Existing Hotels 75 feet or more in height existing prior to September 1984
Require Modified J-1 Fire Alarm and Communications System (class R-1 new code)
• Manual pull stations at all exits from all floors and building
• Single amplifier and circuits
• 6 emergency portable phones
• Jacks on all floors at standpipe outlets
• Fire Command Station
o Alarm Panel
o Emergency Phone
o Public Address
o Elevator lobby smoke recalls elevators
o Waterflow alarm that recalls elevators
Note: New hotels 75 feet or more in height built after September 1984 require a full Class
J Fire (class R-1 new code) Alarm and Communications System with redundant circuits
and two amplifiers plus the other requirements as existing hotels

607.3 Elevator keys. Keys for the elevator car doors and fire fighter service keys shall be
kept in an approved location for immediate use by the department. Firefighter service key
switches shall be operable by citywide-standard key.
*** 6 citywide-standard elevator keys (2642) at Fire Command Post

All elevators with Phase I emergency recall shall be subjected, at
least monthly, to a Phase I recall test. All elevators with Phase II emergency in-service
operation shall be subjected, at least monthly, to a minimum of a one-floor operation II
test. A written record of the operational status of the elevator shall be made and kept on
the premises and made available for inspection by any representatives of the department.
NORMAL – HOLD – FIREMAN SERVICE
The Hold Position has the following features:
1. Permits the firefighter to remove the 1620 (or 2642) key from the switch.
2. Allows the firefighter to leave the car without the danger of an individual, without a
key, moving the car to another location.
C. To operate the car, the switch must be placed in the Firemen Service position while
the car is at the landing where the lobby keyed switch is located.
D. The lobby keyed switch must be in the Firemen Service position prior to placing the
car keyed switch to Firemen Service.
E. Once the car switch is in the Firemen Service position it can not be overridden by
the lobby keyed switch.
F. The 1620 or 2642 key is not removable from the elevator car keyed switch when it
is in the Firemen Service position.

Please go to YouTube to learn this better i think is to much here.

Testing Fireman’s Service Phase I & Phase II
1. Place the two position key switch, NORMAL and FIREMAN’S SERVICE, located on
the designated level in the FIREMAN’S SERVICE position- Phase I
2. Verify that all affected elevators recall to the designated level.
3. Verify that the FIREMAN’S SERVICE KEY on the designated level is removable
from the NORMAL and FIREMAN’S SERVICE positions.
4. Once inside the elevator car, place the key in the three position key switch
(NORMAL, HOLD, and FIREMAN’S SERVICE) in FIREMAN’S SERVICE
5. Select a remote upper floor
6. Press Door Close button and verify that: Door Close button operates by momentary
pressure and the doors automatically close.
7. Prior to reaching the selected floor, press “Cancel” button.
8. After operating the Cancel button, and the car stops at a landing, press the Door
Open button; however, before the door reaches a full open position, release the
Door Open” button and verify that the doors automatically close. The door open
button must operate as a continuous pressure button and the doors should
automatically close when pressure on the door open button is released prior to
complete opening.
9. Again, press the Door Open button and maintain pressure on the button until doors
are FULLY open.

10. Again, select a remote upper floor and close the elevator doors.
11. After the elevator car reaches the selected floor, press the Door Open button and
fully open doors
12. Place the key switch on HOLD position and verify that the car remains at the
landing (doors open) and the Door Close buttons are rendered inoperative.
13. While on this selected floor with Phase I still in effect, place the key switch (inside
car) in the “NORMAL” position.
a. The elevator cars must automatically close.
b. Upon closure verify that the elevator car automatically recalls to designated floor
level.
c. The elevator car doors must automatically open.
14. While the elevator car is on the designated level with Phase I in effect and the
elevator car doors opened, verify that Phase II is inoperative by pressing the Door
Close button.
15. Then, place the key switch (inside elevator car) back in Phase II position. Select a
nearby upper floor or lower floor (any sub-level) and close the doors. Once the
elevator reaches the selected floor:
a. Open the elevator car doors
b. Arrange for the key switch in the lobby to be placed in the NORMAL POSITION.
c. Place the key switch (inside car) in the NORMAL position. Then, verify that the
door close button is inoperative.
d. Arrange for the key switch in the lobby to be place back in the Phase I position.
Verify that the elevator car doors automatically close and the elevator car
automatically recalls to the designated level.

In Phase 1, the elevator stops whatever action it is currently doing, and it returns to the ground floor, opens its doors, and becomes inactive until Phase 2 is activated.

Putting the key into the Phase 2 switch inside the cap reactivates the elevator. This is a 2 position switch. Off and On.

Selecting the floor is not the only thing needed to operate the elevator. The door close switch needs to be held until the doors are fully closed or they will reopen. Once the doors are fully closed. the car will go to the selected floor.

Once the elevator car reaches the desired floor, the elevator will stop, but the doors will not open automatically. Holding the door open switch until the doors are completely open is the only way to have them stay open.

Returning the switch to the off position makes the elevator return into Phase 1.

To return the elevator to normal operation, the Phase 1 switch needs to be turned to BYPASS, them OFF, This resets the fire condition on the elevator.

More simple from a YouTuber credit to >theansulman

His video right here

https://youtu.be/_TWzI0I9V2g

Limiting the size of the fire area:
In fully sprinklered buildings UNLIMITED size of floor permitted
Areas 40′ high and above must be sub-divided in non-sprinklered buildings over 100′
in height with multi-floor HVAC systems.
Maximum area permitted depends on the rating of the partition walls and if fire
detecting devices are installed
• Maximum Floor areas 7,500 sq. ft. must have a one-hour fire rated wall
• Floor areas more than 10,000 sq. ft. must have a two-hour fire rated wall
• Floor areas of up to 15,000 sq. ft. are allowed if a smoke detector system is
installed with connections to the fire alarm panel
o product of combustion or
o smoke and heat detector
Office buildings one hundred feet or more in height, having air-conditioning and/or
mechanical ventilation systems that serve more than the floor on which the equipment is
located, shall be provided with at least one smoke shaft by means of which smoke and
heat shall be mechanically vented to the outdoors as provided.

When must showrooms in buildings classified in occupancy group E, one hundred feet
or more in height having air-conditioning and/or mechanical ventilation systems that
serve more than the floor in which the equipment is located be sprinkler protected??
>>More than 40 feet above street and over 7,500 square feet area

Where and when is a duct smoke detector required?
1. Purge/Exhaust Fan
2. Purge Vents
3. Fire Damper (Rated)
4. Fire Damper (Rated)
>>>5. Duct Smoke Detectors
(2,000 CFM Return
Side Only)
6. Duct Smoke Detectors
(15,000 CFM Supply &
Return Side)
7. Plenum

1968 Code: Non-Combustible
• Floor assemblies are mechanically tied to the outside header beans
• All structural steel is sprayed with fire resistive materials
• Dropped ceilings are not fire rated panels and are hung by steel wire (Plenum
Space)
Lightweight post-1968 code construction is non-combustible, primarily due to which
feature?

>>Floor assemblies not smoke tight

Showroom Spaces in Office Buildings
• Sprinkler protection is required when:
o Building is over 100′ and has multi-floor HVAC system
o Showroom exceeds 7,500 sq. ft. and is more than 40′ above the curb
level
• Sprinkler can be supplied from standpipe riser

Stair Pressurization.
Creation and maintenance of pressure levels in zones of a
building, including elevator shafts and stairwells, that are higher than the pressure level
at the smoke source, such pressure levels being produced by positive pressures of a
supply of uncontaminated air by exhausting air and smoke at the smoke source or by a
combination of these methods.

DESCRIPTION OF HVAC SYSTEMS
The HVAC systems found in High-Rise office buildings fall into two general categories:
1. Central air conditioning systems, in which the processing equipment supplies air
to more than one floor.
2. Non-central air conditioning systems that serve only the floor on which the
processing equipment is located.
Note: Because central air conditioning systems are the most commonly found in
High-Rise office buildings and create the most problems during a fire, the main
emphasis of this section will be central air conditioning systems.
The HVAC system may be divided into three sub-systems:
1. Processing equipment.
2. Supply of processed air to the floors of the building.
3. Return of the air from the floors to be reprocessed.
The processing of the air is usually done on the floors of the building where the
mechanical equipment rooms (MER) are located.

Automatic Door Closures
Door closures held open with mechanical or magnetic devices must release upon
activation at the point of protection.
One ( 1) smoke detector is required if the space above the door is less than 24″.
Two (2) smoke detectors are required if the space above the door is more than 24″.

Structurally Confinement of Smoke and Fire
When rated doors, corridor walls and floors are penetrated they must be fire stopped to
stop the spread of smoke and fire. When ducts penetrate corridor walls and floors an
fire damper must be installed in the duct.

Full Sprinkler Protection limits Fire Growth
Compartmentation and Stairway Pressurization/Smoke Shafts are not required if the
building is fully sprinklered.

Refrigeration System: Required Monthly Tests
• Refrigerating equipment and systems having a refrigerant circuit
containing more than 200 pounds of Group A1 or 30 pounds of any other
group refrigerant to be subject to monthly testing as follows: FC606.6
o Fans and associated equipment intended to operate emergency
ventilation systems.
o Detection and alarm systems.
o Treatment and flaring systems.
o Valves and appurtenances necessary to the operation of emergency
refrigerating system control boxes.

COMPARTMENTATION – restricts open office spaces to 7,500 square feet or
15,000 square feet with smoke detection coverage. This restricts the spread of
fire or gives very early warning automatically. Unlimited floor area in fully
sprinklered office buildings
COMPARTMENTATION:
Limits size of the fire areas on upper floors

CHP- 1
1. Which is not a responsibility of a High Rise office building owner?
CHP- 1
1. Which is not a responsibility of a High Rise office building owner?
to train the fire brigade.

The Fire Brigade is for Hotel not Office Building office building use Warden

2. In an office building after normal working hours with less than 100 persons above or below the street lobby floor or less than 500 persons in the entire building, who may operate the Fire Command Station during a fire alarm condition?
Building Evacuation Supervisor

3. Fire drills in new office building must conducted drills how many times a year?
Four / 4

4. A Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan is required in all of the following
Group B (Business) occupancy office buildings occupied or designed to occupied by more than 500 persons on one or more floors, including street level, or by more than 100 persons on one or more floors other than street level
C. Group R-1 (Residential, Transient) occupancies, occupied by more than 30 lodgers, or more than 15 lodgers above street level, for a period of 90 days or less
D. Group R-1 (Residential, Transient) occupancies occupied by one or more lodgers on a floor more than 75 feet above the street level, for such period of 90 days or less

5. Hotels must conduct fire drills how often?
Quarterly/ on each shift

6. Who may be exempt from fire drills in hotels in New York City?
Guest

7. Hotel Fire Safety Directors shall do all except:
A- train and supervise Fire Brigade
B- Conduct fire drills
?C- Order full building evacuation of guests
D- distribute applicable parts of the Fire Safety Plan to all employees

8. When may office building fire wardens order the use of elevators?
Elevator banks unaffected by the fire with permission of FSD

A 30,000 square foot office floor would require how many deputy floor wardens?
Four/4
7,500 is one
30,000 divide by 7500 = 4

10. Who selects persons for the fire warden team?
Tenant /Tenants are encouraged to appoint responsible and dependable employees to act as Fire Wardens

11. What is not a factor in the selection of an evacuation stair that a floor warden should otherwise consider?
A. location of the fire
B. smoke in a stairway
?C. stair leads to roof
D. direction from the Fire Command Station

12. When would fire wardens NOT begin evacuation of their floor?
with alarm sounding but ordered to stand by from the Fire Safety Director

13. Instructions for the fire brigade members does not include:
reporting to the fire floor and attempt to extinguish small fires. That is the FDNY Job not you

14 What conditions permit the use of elevators during a high-rise fire emergency?
when elevators do not serve the fire floor and have no shaft openings on floors affected by the fire or smoke.

Elevator Shaft is
A hoistway through which one or more elevator cars may travel.

15. How many fire wardens are required if the total usable square footage is 20,000?
one / 1

16. Which is not an objective of a Fire Safety Plan?
16. Which is not an objective of a Fire Safety Plan?
A. to establish method for response to alarms
B. to educate employees to report fires promptly
?C.to train floor warden teams to fight fires
D. to safeguard human life and contain fire

17. Which item is not described as a key element of a Fire Safety Plan?
A. signage
B. ?names of all floor wardens
C. floor plans
D. building information form details

18. All are duties of a fire warden except:
A. assure all persons are notified of fire and evacuated to safe areas
B. keep the Fire Command Station informed of the means being employed for evacuation by the occupants of his floor
C. ?when alarm is received fire wardens leave floor immediately. Really this is not true at all , lol
D. have updated list of disabled who cannot use stairs.

19. What group is mentioned in the office plan and left out in the hotel plan?
A. ?Fire Warden teams
B. Fire Brigade
C. Deputy Fire Safety Director
D. Building staff (employees)

20. Which fire safety requirement is not applicable in a hotel?
A. ?fire drills requiring all occupants to participate.
B. fire prevention inspections.
C. Fire Brigade fire drill participation
D. certified Fire Safety Directors on duty 24 hours, 7 days weekly.

21. Which of the following statements about a Building Evacuation Supervisor is INCORRECT?
A. must be on duty in the off hours when less than 100 occupants are working above the 1st floor
B. does not require a certificate of fitness
C. ?the fire brigade coordinator trains this person in the off hours
D. must be on duty in the off hours when less than 500 occupants working on the first floor.

22. All of the following building occupants are given their parts of the related fire safety plan except:
A. Floor Wardens
B. Deputy Fire Safety Directors
C. Fire Warden
D. ?Firefighter

23. Upper floor high-rise office tenants with smoke on their floor should evacuate at least:
Three floors below the affected floor(s)

24. Which of the flowing buildings require a Fire Safety Director on duty?
A. ?small one story motel with only 31 beds
B. office building with 400 office occupants on the first floor
C. a lodging house with 15 permanent occupants above the 1st floor
D. a three-story office building with 200 office workers on the 1st floor

25. Who is not required to take part in a hotel building fire drill?
A. Deputy Fire Safety Director
B. building service employees
C. ?guests
D. Fire Brigade Coordinator

26. In the event of an alarm for fire in an Office building, who shall ascertain the location of the fire or cause?
A. Fire Brigade
B. Deputy Fire Safety Director
C. ?Fire Warden
D. The owner

27. When determining action during emergencies, Fire Wardens must consider all of the following except:
A. evacuating floor for an alarm
B. ?waiting for instructions
C. avoiding attack stairs
D. Using smoke-free stairs

28. During a fire, when may a multi-bank elevator be used?
A. when they serve the fire floor
B. when smoke-free
C. ?when cars manned by trained building personnel or firefighters
D. never during a fire

29. Where may floor organization charts be posted?
in a conspicuous location in each tenancy and on each floor of a tenancy that occupies more than one floor

30. Fire Wardens are required to do all of the following except:
A. provide identification bands or hats during drills or alarms for fire
B. assure all persons on the floor are notified
C. after evacuation, provide a head count
D. ?during alarms be first to leave the floor, to set an example, LOL Really

31. All are duties of the Fire Brigade except:
A. report to floor below fire to assist in evacuation
B. assist building occupants that require assistance
C. ?operate small hose line to control fires
D. on arrival of Fire Department, report to the lobby

32. What is not required of fire wardens for evacuating disabled persons from high-rise floors?
A. keep updated list of persons needing assistance to evacuate
B. ?arrange quick use by elevators
C. notify Fire Safety Director when assistance is needed

33. Fire Wardens who discover a fire on their floor must:
Determine that an alarm has been transmitted

on arrival of the Fire Department report to the Fire Command Station for additional
instructions.
Fire Brigade

assisting the Floor Warden, prepare your area of the floor (in alarm) to evacuate by safe
stairs.
Deputy Fire Warden

assists with evacuation and safety needs, report the facts via warden phone
Fire Warden

perform duties of the Fire Safety Director in his/her absence
Deputy Fire Safety Director

select qualified building service employees for a Fire Brigade
Fire Safety Director

(Endeavor )to control spread of the fire by closing doors
^ ^^Definition,try hard to do or achieve something.
Fire Brigade

Required at all times when there are occupants in the building and there is no Fire Safety
Director required to be on duty
Building Evacuation Supervisor

direct the evacuation of the floor in accordance with direction received and guidelines.
Fire Warden

be familiar with the written Fire Safety Plan providing for fire drill and evacuation procedure
Fire Safety Director

According to RCNY which building employees should participate in carrying out the Fire Safety Plan
provisions?
A. the Fire Safety Director
B. all occupants
C. ?all employees of the building
D. building service employees only

Which occupancy is NOT a hotel as per RCNY ?

Rules of the City of New York (R.C.N.Y.)

A. 25 lodgers above the 1st floor renting less than 90 days
B. >>More than 15 permanent lodgers above the 1st floor
C. building arranged for transient occupants over 75 feet high
D. building with more than 30 rooms to be occupied for less than 90 days

1. All is true about the Deputy EAP Director except:
Emergency Action Plan (EAP)
A. fills in for the EAP Director in his absence
B. needs a Certificate of Fitness
C. >>trains all EAP staff
D. only required in an office building

2. Fire Safety Brigade members can be:
A. building personnel
B. office employees
C. other building occupants
D. >>>all of the above

3. Buildings are required the following permits:
A. Commercial Cooking System
B. Places of Assembly
C. Refrigerating system ( over 200 lbs group Al)
D. >>>all of the above

4. Certificate of Fitness is required for all except:
A. Flame-proofing decorations and drapes
B. Fire Guard
C. Servicing portable fire extinguishers
D. >>>monthly testing of Firefighter elevator operation

Photoluminescent exit path markings are required in hotels:
A-when they are over 7 5′ in height
B. when they are over 100′ in height
C. when they have over 500 guest rooms
D. >>>New hotel over 75′ in height

After an EAP plan has been accepted by the Fire Department:
A. One EAP drill must be conducted in the first year
B. >>>>Two EAP drills must be conducted in the first year
C. Three EAP drills must be conducted in the first year
D. Four EAP drills must be conducted in the first year

7. In the absence of a specific designee, the ____ shall be considered the Impairment Coordinator?

(Designee) a person who has been designated.

A. >>>the Owner
B. the Fire Safety Director
C. the Engineer
D. the Security Director

OUT OF SERVICE SYSTEMS (OOS)
 Tag Disk
System fully out of service Red White
System partially out of service Red Blue
System appears free of defects Green N/A

Tag Requirement: A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion, is out of service
OUT OF SERVICE SYSTEMS (OOS)
Tag Disk
System fully out of service Red White
System partially out of service Red Blue
System appears free of defects Green N/A

Tag Requirement: A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion, is out of service

Systems Fully Out of Service:
White disc is for all affected fire department connections. A RED tag shall be placed at the main control valve indicating the standpipe/sprinkler company name, date of removal from service and anticipated return to service date.

Systems Partially Out of Service:
Blue Disc is for all affected fire department connections. An RED tag shall be placed at the main control valve and any closed sectional valve indicating the company name, date of removal from service and anticipated return to service date. Note:
The Orange and Yellow are no longer used

Planned removal from service
When the system, or a portion of the standpipe or sprinkler system, is placed out of service for a scheduled inspection, testing, regular maintenance, minor repairs or for construction affecting not more than 1 floor, the C of F holder and the impairment coordinator shall be made aware of and authorize the placing of the system out of service.

Unplanned out of service condition:
A serious defect in the standpipe or sprinkler system including, but not limited to: an empty tank, a break or major leak in the system’s water piping, inoperative or shut water supply valves, defective fire department connections, construction related shut downs affecting more than one floor, or complete or partial shut downs of the standpipe system, other than a shut down for a planned removal from service.

The initial Fire Department notification shall include the following:
1. A brief description and extent of the out of service condition.
2. The area of the building affected.
3. The type of occupancy
4. The estimated time the system will be out of service.
5. The name and phone number of the person making the notification.
(ALL )

Identifying COS Systems Using Discs/Tags:
Systems that are out of service, both planned and unplanned, shall be immediately identified by placing a tag at each of the following locations: fire department connections, system control valves, fire command center or other clearly visible location in the lobby of the building, indicating which system or part thereof is out of service.

INDIVIDUALS AUTHORIZED TO PERFORM TASKS AS PER NYC FIRE CODE
C of F for S-13 and/or S-14 (Standpipe), S-12 (Sprinkler)
C of F for S-13* for Refrigeration Operating Engineer (Q-01 & Q-99),
C of F holder for S-14 & S-12 (Sprinkler)
Master Fire Suppression Piping Contractor (MFSPC)
Master Plumber (MP)

In any occupancy, where a required fire protection system
(e.g. sprinkler system, fire alarm system and standpipe system) is out of service, a fire watch shall be maintained by one or more persons holding an
F-01 or F-32 (Fire Guard for Shopping Center) or F-36 (Fire Guard Generic) or F-91 (Hotels/Motels/Office Buildings) certificate of fitness for fire guard.

The fire guard(s) is/are required to be immediately available when the system is out-of service with the following exception:
For the initial 4 hours of an unplanned and planned out of service condition when the affected area does not exceed 50,000 square feet, the impairment coordinator or a trained and knowledgeable person who is capable of performing fire watch duties and is designated by the building owner may perform the duties of the fire watch.

The number of fire guards depends on the location and the size of the area affected by the out of service fire protection system.
A fire guard should be available to patrol all areas in which the fire protection system is out of service at least once every hour. No individual fire guard should patrol more than 50,000 square feet of building floor area.

Ch2
Ch2
Sprinklers

1. How effective have sprinklers been as a suppression system? (most complete answer)
A. Have extinguished a good number of fires and held in check all the rest
B. >> 96% effective
C. Always 100% effective
D. Less effective than fire alarm systems

2. Sprinklers in New York City hotels and office buildings are particularly effective for life safety.
A. No, too slow to operate
B. Yes, they put the fire out
C. No, heavy smoke and steam
D. >>> Yes, they extinguish and give warning

3. If the sprinklers discharge due to a fire, what should the Fire Safety Director do?
A. >>> Notify the fire department of the fire and indicate sprinklers are operating.
B. Have the main control valve for the building shut down
C. No action is permitted
D. The Fire Safety Director should know where the shut-off valves are located and direct their closing.

4. What is the life safety benefit of sprinkler operation where people remain in the area?
A. Downward force of the water increases the amount of smoke in the room.
B. Cools people off.
C. >> The automatic alarm that indicates a sprinkler is operating also will alert people to evacuate.
D. Allows firemen to find the victims more quickly.

5. Pipes filled with water or compressed air, and equipped with automatic devices are called.
A. >>> Automatic Sprinkler systems
B. Manual sprinklers
C. Non-automatic systems
D. Auto extinguishers

6. A standard sprinkler head that is discharging water can be described as …
A. %” fused head
B. %”open head
C. %’ flushed head
D. >>>1/2 fused head

7. When Fire Safety Director discovers a “loaded sprinkler head” he must take what action?
A. >>>Best practice is to replace
B. Clean off with strong soap solution
C. It has paint on it ,clean with solvents
D. Takes no action

8. What is the correct temperature rating and color for room sprinkler heads?
A. >>>135° to 170 ° uncolored or black
B. 165° unpainted
C. 135° to 212° unpainted or black
D. 135° red

9. How many extra sprinkler heads are required for a 200 head system?
A. 2 heads of assorted ratings at the sprinkler control valve
B. 4 heads at the main control valve
C. 5 assorted heads at the main control valve for the sprinkler system
D. >>>6 appropriate heads for the sprinkler system

10. When may the sprinklers at a fire be shut down?
A. When the fire is out.
B. >>>When the Fire Officer in charge says so.
C. When the Fire Guard sees no more fire.
D. When the FSD says so.

11. Match the item to its inspection period:
A. Weekly
B. Weekly
C. Monthly
D. Quarterly
1. (D) Fire Department connection (siamese)
2. (C) Sprinkler systems (all types)
3. (B) Fire pumps (Diesel Weekly (Electric Monthly
4. (A) All valves and connections to water

12. How is water kept out of a dry pipe sprinkler system?
A. Closed gate valve
B. >> Air pressure in the pipe keeps the dry pipe valve closed
C. OS&Y valves open if heads “fuse”
D. Use antifreeze in place of water.

13. When is a standpipe required in a building?
A. used for shelters
B. Theaters
C. over 100′ high
D. >>>over 75′ high or over 6 stories

14. Sprinkler heads that DO NOT need to be replaced are:
A. sprinkler heads that have fused
B. sprinkler heads that have been painted by other than the manufacturer
C. sprinkler heads that are loaded
D. >>> sprinkler heads that are dusty

15. What is an example of a “limited supply system” for primary standpipe water?
A. Public water
B. Fire Department connection
C. >>>Pressure tank
D. Fire pump

16 -Match siamese cap colors to type of system:

1- Combination SP sprinkler -Yellow
2- Auto wet sprinkler -Green
3- Auto dry sprinkler -Green
4- Non-auto sprinkler -Aluminum
5- Standpipe -Red

A. Aluminum
B. Red
C. Green
D. Yellow
E. White

17. All major defects in the system (standpipe or sprinkler) must be reported immediately to which Fire Department units?
A. Local fire house
B. Fire Department after 90 days
C. >>>Borough Fire Dispatcher
D. Only the owner

18. Minor defects should be reported to the building owner of the building manager. Failure to act shall be reported to whom?
A. Local fire house after 60 days
B. Fire Department after 90 days
C. >>> Bureau of Fire Prevention after 30 days
D. Building security director after 30 days.

19. Higher temperature sprinkler heads used in ordinary rooms will have what effect?
A. Prevent false alarms
B. >>> The value of sprinkler protection will be greatly reduced
C. Heads will fuse quickly
D. They are more reliable than lower temperature heads

20. Arrange the color ratings for sprinklers from low 135 degrees to high at 230 degrees.
A. red-white-blue
B. uncolored- red-white
C. blue-white-red
D. >>>uncolored-white-blue

1-How often do you test a water flow alarm device in a sprinkler system?

2- How often should a gauge on a non-supervised dry sprinkler system be inspected?

1- Weekly

2- Semi Annually

3. How often should a gauge on a supervised dry sprinkler system be inspected?
4. How often should an alarm device on a sprinkler system be inspected?
5. How often do you test a standard response sprinkler head?
6. How often should the fuel in a diesel fire pump be inspected?
7. How often should the fuses in a diesel fire pump be inspected?
3- Monthly
4- Quarterly
5- 50 Years
6- Weekly
7- Monthly

8. How often should the water temperature of a gravity tank with a low temperature alarm be inspected?
9. How often do you test an electric fire pump?
10. How often should the water temperature of a gravity tank without a low temperature alarm be inspected?
11. How often should the air pressure of a pressure tank without a supervised air pressure source be inspected?
12. How often do you perform maintenance on a sprinkler system valve?
8- Weekly

9- Monthly
10- Daily

11- Monthly

12- Annually

13. How often do you test a water level alarm in a water tank?
14. How often do you perform maintenance on fuses in a diesel engine fire pump?
15. How often should the air pressure of a pressure tank with a supervised air pressure source be inspected?
16. How often should Fire Department connections be inspected?
17. How often do you perform maintenance on control valves?
18. How often should interior check valves be inspected?
13. Semi-Annually

14. Semi-Annually

15. Quarterly

16. Quarterly

17 Annually

18. 5 Years

Chapter 3 Quiz 1
Chapter 3 Quiz 1
12/9/15

1. Which one of the following audible alarm sequences is not correct?
A. Low-rise non-fireproof buildings may sound the alarm on all floors.
B. >>> Alarm sounds on the fire floor only.
C. Sounds in zones or groups of floors.

2. While acknowledging trouble conditions for a lower floor, an alarm condition registers at the fire command station for an upper floor. What action should you take?
A. >>>Alert upper floor fire wardens, activate brigade, and verify that Fire Department has been notified.
B. Due to troubles on lower floor, ignore alarm for the moment.
C. Send brigade to lower floor first then to upper floor condition.
D. Call Fire Department and report both trouble and fire alarm conditions for the building.

3. All of the following items are to be tested or serviced Annually EXCEPT:
A. Pull stations.
B. >>>Water flow alarms.
C. Smoke detectors.
D. Speaker/strobe.

4. Initiating devices cause the alarm panel actions EXCEPT:
A. >>>Area smoke detectors recall elevators.
B. Manual pull stations do not unlock fail safe reentry doors.
C. Sprinkler water flow alarms recall elevators.
D. HVAC duct smoke detectors shut off associated fan units.

5. Phone jacks in J-1 (hotels) are located where?
A. >>>In a stairwell with the standpipe.
B. Near the warden phones/
C. Near an emergency exit.
D. In the elevator lobby.

6. Class E or J ( class B & R-1 new code) signaling devices operate for what purpose?
A. Alert all people above the fire.
B. >>>>Initially, to alert those on the fire floor and one above (if alarm system is upgraded also sounds on the floor below)
C. Sounds on all floors for a general evacuation of the building-hi rise.
D. To calm people down.

7. All maintenance procedures are correct EXCEPT:
A. >>>Spray paint red only on pull station boxes.
B. Clean smoke detectors every six months.
C. Break glass stations require one replacement per station.
D. Intelligent smoke detectors report their cleaning needs automatically.

8. How do you determine that a pull station in a building calls the Fire Department?
8. How do you determine that a pull station in a building calls the Fire Department?
A. White painted front.
B. Box has diagonal stripe from upper right comer to lower left.
C. Red box says “Local alarm”.
D. >>>Red box has 1″ diagonal stripe from upper left to lower right front of box.

9. Supervisory signals monitor all of the following items EXCEPT:
A.>>> Battery operated smoke detectors in hotel rooms
B. Fire pump electric power
C. Pressure tank water levels.
D. Gravity tank water temperature.

10. Class E & J ( class B & R-1 new code) systems have three distinctive features. Those are:
A. Sprinklers, standpipes, pull station.
B. Pull stations, warden phones, elevator recall.
C. >>>>Selective interior alarm system, public address, 2 way voice communications.
D. Interior alarms, strobes, public address system.

11. What is the difference between a class E (class B new code)and a Mini-E system?
A. Warden phones.
B. Central office connection to Fire Department.
C. Two way communication.
D. >>>Interior alarms.

12. The required system for an office building over 75′ but less than 100′ is:
A. >>>Mini-E with public address to each floor.
B. Full modified E system.
C. Mini-E without Central Office connection.
D. Coded interior alarm system.

13. All operations are automatic at the Fire Command Station EXCEPT:
A. Flashing fire sign.
B. Alarm signals sent to fire floor and one above.
C. >>>Purges smoke from fire floor.
D. Alarm signal sent to central station.

14. Required battery back up hour rating should be:
A. >>>24 & 6
B. 6 &24
C. 48 & 2
D. 6&6

15. All of the following are components of a modified J-1 system for hotels more than 75′, EXCEPT:
A. >>>Warden phones
B. Public Address systems above 1st floor
C. A Central Office Connection
D. Fire Command Station

16. Which test is not a Annual requirement according to the FDNY guidelines for fire alarms?
A. >>>>Central station connection.
B. Manual pull stations.
C. Fail safe release.
D. Public Address audibility on each floor.

17. A daily visual inspection of the fire command station should insure what status?
A. No alarms have gone unanswered.
B. Fireman’s service is operable.
C. The central station (office) connection works.
D. >>System is on-line and trouble conditions are logged.

18. A walk up tenement less than 75 feet in height rents out 5 rooms on each of 4 floors by the month with no stay limits. It is not a hotel. Why?
A. >>>Hotels rent for less than 90 days.
B. There are 25 rooms for rent.
C. Building is less than 75 feet in height.
D. Furnished room houses have no guest limits.

19. Fire pumps are monitored at the central station for what status?
A- >>>Failure of electric power supply and automatic operation of electric fire pumps
B- Pump pressures
C- Gallons flow
D- Temperature of the water.

Chapter 3 Quiz 2 Inspections, Logs and Records
Chapter 3 Quiz 2 Inspections, Logs and Records
If you fall behind, run faster. Never give up, never surrender, and rise up against the odds.
Jesse Jackson

1. Required alarm log book does not include:
A- Which Fire Safety Director is on duty by date and time
B- Daily lamp test status.
C- >>>Manual false alarm details.
D- Off/On line details.

2. What does an “intelligent” smoke detector system do?
A- >>>Indicates point at which sensitivity requires adjustment and location of smoke detector
B- Automatically resets after each alarm.
C- Self-clean.
D- Prints an schedule for cleaning.

3. What quantity and ID number of keys for elevator recall and operation must each fire command station have?
A- One #1600 key
B- Six # 1620 keys
C- One#2642 key
D- >>>Six # 2642 keys

4. All are rules for (burning) torch use in buildings EXCEPT:
A- Permit holder is to have Certificate of Fitness in his possession during torch use.
B- Charged hose or extinguishers must be at location.
C- Each torch operator must have one or more fire guards while operation.
D- >>>Fire guard must inspect site one hour after completion.

5. The following are Smoke Detector Maintenance Log Book items EXCEPT:
A- Total number of detectors and locations.
B- >>>New log book every 3 years.
C- Semi-annual cleaning results.
D- Annual sensitivity results.

6. Suggested format for the Alarm Log Book include all EXCEPT:
A- >>>Location and type of audio/visual alarm devices.
B- Daily (non-alarm) entries of Fire Safety Director on duty time.
C- Off line details.
D- Smoke Detector alarm details.

7. Match inspection type with time:
D = Daily C
W = Weekly B
M =Monthly A
SA = Semi-annual
A = Annual D AND E
A. Standpipe and sprinkler visuals
B. Run Diesel fire pumps
C. Lamp test
D. Fire alarm components
E. Test smoke detectors

8. What is incorrect about fire drills for E and J buildings in New York City?
A. >>New E buildings require quarterly drills for the first year.
B. Hotels require quarterly drills on each shift.
C. Existing office buildings (E) require drills during normal hours.
D. FSD must conduct drills on all occupied floors and monitor occupant participation.

9. All of the following will recall designated elevator cars EXCEPT:
A- #1620 key at the selected elevator bank.
B- >>Manual station on all floors.
C- Any elevator lobby smoke detector.
D- Sprinkler water flow alarm test valve.

10. Which elevator cars are permitted to have a lock?
A. All passenger cars.
B. Service cars below grade.
C. >>Freight cars used for that purpose only.
D. Service use cars that serve all floors.

11. According to a hi-rise bulletin, Phase II testing of elevators, what is the minimum of floors required to insure proper operation.
A- >>One.
B- Two.
C- One and cellar.
D- All floors.

12. What operation can the #1620 key perform?
A. Recall all elevator banks.
B. Open pull stations.
C. >>Turn on purge fans for selected floors.
D. Purge all floors at once.

13. What positions does the Fireman’s Service key switch in the car have?
A. >>>Normal- Fireman’s Service -Hold.
B. Normal- Run.
C. Fireman’s Service-Hold.
D. Fireman’s Service-Hold- Run.

14. The Fire Command Station panels have three distinctive elements. Which item is not a distinctive element of the Fire Command Station panel?
A. Alarm Panel
B. Warden Phone System
C. >>>ABC Fire Extinguisher
D. Public Address Speakers

15. When is the central station connection tested?
A. >>Monthly.
B. Weekly.
C. Daily.
D. Only when fire drill is performed.

16. Where are phone jacks in class J-1 ( class R-1 new code) occupancies installed?
A- >>>In stairwell near the standpipe riser(s)
B- Near warden phones
C- In elevator lobby
D- Near the emergency command posts

ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS 1 to 27
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS 1 to 27

1. Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic of fixed temperature heat detectors?
A. They have fusible elements.
B.>>>. They are more sensitive than rate of rise heat detectors.
C. They need to be replaced after they activate the alarm.
D. They consist of two electrical contacts housed in a protective unit.

2. The fire command station has the capability to ____
A. send alarm signals directly to the fire department
B. communicate with every floor at the same time via warden phones.
C. cancel central station company notification.
D. >>>make an all call announcement throughout entire building or selective floors via a public address speakers

3. Which of the following statements regarding red manual fire alarm pull stations in existing buildings with a one-inch white stripe from top left to bottom right is incorrect?
A. The alarm pull station in a newer building is located within 48 inches from the floor.
B. The alarm will be sent to the fire department via a central station company.
C. >>>>The alarm will be transmitted directly to the fire department.
D. The alarm pull station is located near an exit.

4. Which of the following is not included in the building’s Emergency Action Plan?
A. identification of EAP Staff
B. >>>fire emergency evacuation procedures
C. the obligations of building occupants in the event of a non-fire emergency
D. In-Building Relocation Areas

5. A written record of the inspection, testing and maintenance of emergency power systems must be maintained on the premises for at least how many years?
A. 1
B.2
C.3
D.>>>5

8. An emergency power system is required——
A. to illuminate an office building’s lights throughout every floor.
B. to provide power to tenant’s appliances
C. >>>to provide power for processes involving the handling of hazardous materials
D. to provide power for all of the buildings elevators.

9. In order to reset the Fire Alarm Panel in the event of an unwarranted fire alarm signal the FSD can:
A. >>re-set the system after the Fire Department arrives and is told to re-set the system by the Fire Department’s incident commander.
B. re-set the system as soon as it is known that it was an unwarranted activation.
C. re-set the system after calling the Fire Department dispatcher and canceling the Fire Department response.
D. re-set the alarm system upon orders from the central station company.

10. If the “DOOR OPEN” button is released before the doors are completely open on the selected floor during Phase II operation the following will occur
A. there is no DOOR OPEN button
B. doors will continue to open until fully in the open position.
C. >>>doors will automatically shut.
D. cars will return nonstop to lobby.

11. All of the following are correct regarding a building’s Fire Command Sub-System EXCEPT:
A. they are interconnected to the base building fire alarm system
B .>>> fire alarm signals are transmitted directly to the Central Station, by-passing the base building fire alarm system
C. supervisory and trouble signals will be displayed at both the sub-system and base building systems
D. they may be installed in a building with a required base building fire alarm system either voluntarily or mandated

12. Which item is required to be kept in the fire command station?
A. >>>Fire Safety Plan
B. The smoke detector maintenance logbook.
C. Four 2642 elevator keys.
D. Six spare sprinkler heads.

13. During a power outage, the use of your emergency generator will allow you to do all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. provide electricity for fire pumps and booster pumps.
B. utilize Floor Warden Telephones.
C. >>>provide sufficient electricity for building tenants to continue using their computers.
D. recall three (3) elevators at a time using Fireman’s service.

14. Supervisory devices will __ _
A. notify FDNY of problems with system
B. >>>monitor the building’s components of its fire protection system
C. transmit fire alarm signals when there is a loss of power in building
D. automatically correct abnormal conditions within the protection system

15. All newly installed fire alarm pull stations must be located within how many feet of the exit
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.>>>5

16. Entries in the alarm log book are written by all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. Deputy Fire Safety Director
B. Building Evacuation Supervisor.
C. >>>Building Owner
D. Responding Fire Dept. Officer.

17. Activation of any manual fire alarm pull station must:
A. automatically unlock fail-safe doors
B. recall all elevators non-stop to the lobby floor.
C. >>>activate the audible and visual alarms on the floor where activated, one floor above and the floor below (if applicable).
D. sends a signal to the nearest fire company.

18. Which one of the following qualifies one to supervise the inspection of an emergency power system?
A. Electrician license issued by the Department of Buildings
B. Certificate of Fitness as a Fire Safety Director
C. High pressure boiler operating engineer’s license issued by the Department of Buildings
D. >>>All of the above are correct.

19. The correct way to reset the fire alarm system after an alarm is activated from a manual fire alarm pull station?
A. The alarm must be reset from the fire alarm pull station.
B. The main panel must be reset before the fire alarm pull station is reset.
C. >>>the pull station must be reset to its normal position and then the main panel is reset.
D. A key is always required to reset the fire alarm system.

20. A water flow alarm is considered a (an):
A. trouble alarm signal.
B. supervisory alarm signal.
C. >>>fire alarm signal.
D. an impairment signal.

21. An emergency generator set must be tested:
A. >>>Monthly for 30 minutes
B. Monthly for 60 minutes
C. Weekly for 30 minutes
D. Weekly for 60 minutes.

22. One of your fire brigade members contacts you to inform you that they accidentally set-off the fire alarm on the fourth floor. It would be incorrect for you to:
A. Make an announcement on the 4th and 5th floors.
B. Keep the lobby clear of guests.
C. >>>Immediately re-set the alarm system.
D. Silence the alarm

23. ELEVATOR IN READINESS is required in every building ___ feet or more in height.
A. 50
B.>>>75
C.100
D.150

24. Phase I and Phase II Firemen Service Test is required:
A. WEEKLY
B. QUARTERLY
C. >>>MONTHLY
D. SEMI ANNUALLY

25. The Fire Alarm Panel’s Reset Switch should only be activated ____
A. >>Upon orders of the Fire Dept. Officer in charge
B. immediately after the alarm is reported to be unwarranted.
C. after the building has been totally evacuated.
D. if the fire brigade extinguishes the fire.

26. It is NOT necessary to have a fire alarm logbook entry containing ____
A. the name of the building’s Impairment Coordinator.
B. >>security personnel on-duty
C. the Certificate of Fitness number of the on-duty FSD
D. the monthly Central Office Connection test.

27.
27. “HOT WORK” involving a torch requires the torch operator to be a —–
A. responsible person
B. impairment coordinator
C. >>>Certificate of Fitness holder
D. licensed master fire suppression piping contractor

Ch4 this chapter will be completed 12/11/15
Ch4 this chapter will be completed 12/11/15

1. What is the best means of controlling smoke in a Hi-Rise building fire?
A- Central air shut down
B- Use of fire tower
C- >>>Installing full sprinkler protection
D- Making small area compartments

2. If an existing office building is fully sprinklered, what is the maximum size of the office area?
A- >>>Unlimited area
B- 10,000 square feet
C- 15,000 square feet
D- 7,500 square feet

3. What is the purpose of stair pressurization for hi-rise buildings?
A- >>>Positive pressure of uncontaminated air to keep fire and smoke inside the fire floor spaces
B- Remove smoke from the stairs
C- Prevent sprinklers from opening
D- Put out the fire

4. What is the purpose of compartmentation?
A- Keep fire small on lowest floors
B- Reduce smoke levels in the stairs
C- Control showroom fires
D- >>>Limit size of the fire areas on upper floors

5. When must showrooms in buildings classified in occupancy group E, one hundred feet or more in height having air-conditioning and/or mechanical ventilation systems that serve more than the floor in which the equipment is located be sprinkler protected??
A- Less than 40 feet above curb and less than 7,500 square feet
B- More than 15,000 square feet in area
C- >>>More than 40 feet above street and over 7,500 square feet area
D- Building has central air and showroom more than 40 feet above street

6. Where and when is a duct smoke detector required?
A- At the supply and return side, regardless of the size of the unit
B- >>>At the return side of the fan if over 2,000 CFM
C- Mechanical equipment room
D- At the supply side only of units over 15,000 CFM

7. Which alarm device does not turn on pressurization fans?
A- Elevator lobby smoke detectors.
B- HVAC smoke detectors
C- Sprinkler waterflow alarms
D- >>>Manual pull stations only

8. Lightweight post-1968 code construction is non-combustible, primarily due to which feature?
A- Stair enclosed
B- >>>Floor assemblies not smoke tight
C- Lightweight concrete
D- Spray-on fire protected steel columns

Chapter 4-2. Signs/Re-entry.
Chapter 4-2. Signs/Re-entry.

1. Re-entry rules include all except:
A- >>>Office buildings under 100 feet require re-entry every four floors
B- Office buildings may elect to lock stair side doors except every four floors re-entry must be provided
C- Re-entry starts at the uppermost occupied floor
D- Fail-safe locks release on re-entry floors with automatic actuation device operation

2. Office buildings under 100 feet have no re-entry, what sign is posted on the occupancy side?
A- None
B- Stair letter and floor number
C- >>>”NO RE-ENTRY FROM THIS STAIR” sign and stair ID letter
D- Stair ID letter only

3. Elevator landing sign reads:
3. Elevator landing sign reads:
A- “IN CASE OF FIRE, USE STAIRS UNLESS OTHERWISE INSTRUCTED”
B- Elevator bank ID letter
C- Floor diagrams
D- >>>Answer A, B and C are correct

4. Hotel sleeping room sign details what information?
A- Emergency phone number
B- Location of warden phones
C- CPR illustration
D- >>>Diagram showing stair locations

5. What signs are posted on hotel exit doors – on floor side?
A- >>>Letter ID
B- Letter ID and floor number
C- Answer B plus “RE-ENTRY FLOOR” sign
D- Answer B plus “NO RE-ENTRY FLOOR” sign

6. What is not a common feature of a class E or J (class B & R-1 new code) system?
A- >>>Coded interior alarms
B- Alarm points, public communication and 2-way warden phone
C- Two way communication
D- Selective audio/visual alarms to floors

7. All of the following items add to hi-rise office building fire safety (impact) except:
A- Insures orderly evacuation information via public address system
B- Restricts office sizes
C- >>>Requires sprinklers
D- Gives a fire action plan to tenants and building staff

8. What occupancies did Local Law 41 /78 require retroactive sprinkler protection?
A- All places of public assembly
B- Restaurants
C- All indoor and outdoor stages providing live entertainment
D- >>>Dressing Rooms and Property Rooms used in Places of Assembly except Assembly Place with no scenery

9. In what manner did Local Law 16/84 impact greatly?
A- >>>Sprinklers and smoke control to hotels
B- Insured HVAC smoke detector shut down for multi-floor services
C- Provided auto purge for smoke control
D- Ballrooms required sprinklers for up to 300 occupants

10. How many strobes must a hotel have on hand for sleeping rooms?
10. How many strobes must a hotel have on hand for sleeping rooms?
A- >>>A number equal to 3% of the rooms
B- 5% of rooms or a minimum of one
C- Minimum of three
D- Minimum of five

11. What is the correct procedure to purge smoke in a fire emergency?
A- Wait for the Incident Commander to give the word
B- >>>Incident Commander provides #1620 key, issues order
C- Upon discovery of actual fire, purge fire floor immediately
D- Insert #2642 key in purge panel “AUTO” position

12. Hotel smoke control features include:
12. Hotel smoke control features include:
A- Elevator doors are smoke stopped
B- Manual purge floor by floor
C- >>>HVAC is segregated by type use
D- Each sleeping room has separate HVAC vents

13. Why is strobe panels needed for an E or J system?
E is B now and J is R-1 new code B for business and R-1 for hotels
A. When audibility is to low.
B. To operate newly added strobe lights.
C. To boost light intensity.
D. >>>So deaf people see the activated alarm.

ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER 4
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER 4

1. Refrigerating systems containing more than______pounds of Group A 1 refrigerant must be tested monthly by a person who has a Certificate of Qualification as a refrigerating systems operating engineer.
A. 400
B. 300
C. 250
D. >>>200

2. Which item will not activate the “fail-safe” system on stairway doors.
A. a power failure occurs.
B. manually activated from the fire command station.
C. >>> a trouble alarm is received at the fire command station.
D. an elevator is operated on fireman’s service.

3. Which choice concerning of the refrigerating system is not required to be tested Monthly.
3. Which choice concerning of the refrigerating system is not required to be tested Monthly.
A. detection and alarm systems
B. treatment and flaring systems
C. >>>door and hinge systems
D. equipment intended to operate emergency ventilation systems

4. Local law 58 of 1987, requires that in all new and existing buildings, when more than 50% of the floor is renovated, the fire alarm pull stations and warden phones:
A. transmit directly to the Fire Department.
B. >>>be installed no more that 48 inches from the floor.
C. be painted purple.
D. be tested every two weeks.

5. When “fail-safe” systems are installed on all designated re-entry floors, the signs on occupant side of exit door should contain:
A. signs stating “NO RE-ENTRY FROM THIS STAIR” only.
B. exit letter ID and sign stating “NO RE-ENTRY”.
C. exit letter identification only.
D. >>>alphabetical letter designating stairwell and a sign stating “NO RE-ENTRY FROM THIS STAIR EXCEPT DURING FIRE EMERGENCY”.

6. According to the 1968 Fire Code, Elevator landing signs instructing occupants in the proper evacuation procedures in case of a fire emergency must read:
6. According to the 1968 Fire Code, Elevator landing signs instructing occupants in the proper evacuation procedures in case of a fire emergency must read:
A. “DO NOT USE ELEVATORS IN CASE OF FIRE”.
B. “IN CASE OF FIRE DO NOT USE ELEVATORS UNLESS OTHERWISE INSTRUCTED”.
C. “DO NOT USE STAIRS”.
D. >>> “IN CASE OF FIRE USE STAIRS UNLESS OTHERWISE INSTRUCTED”.

CHAPTER 5
LAST CHAPTER 12/15/15

1. What is the tetrahedron of fire?
1. What is the tetrahedron of fire?
A. The elements needed to support a flammable gas burning.
B. The temperature at which a solid will burn.
C. >>>The elements needed to sustain combustion.
D. The temperature needed for the fire point of a flammable liquid.

2. What is the distinction between flash and fire points of a flammable liquid?
A. Percentage of liquid in air.
B. >>>Amount of flammable vapor in air.
C. Temperature of the liquid
D. Twenty degrees of heat.

3. What is the flash point of any flammable liquid?
A. >>>The temperature at which the vapors’ ignition will occur.
B. One hundred degrees above the ambient temperature
C. That temperature at which the gas will burn continuously.
D. Pyrolytic combustion.

4. Which condition(s) of a material will produce burning of the material?
A. Flammable gas in air.
B. Flammable liquid at the fire point temperature.
C. Ignition temperature of a solid.
D. >>>All of the above.

5. Which is the better extinguisher to use for a mattress fire?
5. Which is the better extinguisher to use for a mattress fire?
A. >>>Pressurized water type.
B. 10 lbs. multi-purpose dry powder.
C. Foam.
D. 10 lbs dry chemical.

6. Which extinguisher is safest for burning materials adjacent to the high voltage switch in the cellar?
6. Which extinguisher is safest for burning materials adjacent to the high voltage switch in the cellar?
A. Pressurized water.
B. Foam.
C. >>>Dry chemical powder.
D. Carbon dioxide gas.

7. Un-sprinklered offices and hotel floors require one extinguisher for what square footage and placed within what travel distance?
A. 1200 sq. ft every 75 feet.
B. >>>6000 sq. ft every 75 feet.
C. 12,000 sq. ft. every 75 feet.
D. 6,000 sq. ft. every 50 feet.

8. What state must all burnable substances be reduced to burn in air?
A. Solid.
B. Liquid.
C. >>>Gas.
D. Chain reactive state.

9. At what temperature must any substance be raised to burn freely in air?
A. Flammable range temperature.
B. >>>Fire point temperature
C. Free radical emissions temperature.
D. 451 degrees Fahrenheit

10. A 10,000 sq. ft. place for public assembly includes a 20’x 90′ commercial kitchen. How many and what type extinguishers are required at the minimum?
A. Three water and two “K” type extinguishers.
B. Three multi-purpose and three “K” type extinguishers.
C. Four multi-purpose.
D. >>>Four water and two “K” type.

11. A 7,500 sq. ft. retail store located in the lower lobby of a hotel would require how many of what type extinguishers?
11. A 7,500 sq. ft. retail store located in the lower lobby of a hotel would require how many of what type extinguishers?
A. Two 2-A-rated extinguishers.
B. >>>(3,Three)2-A- rated extinguishers.
C. Two Class ABC type (powder).
D. Three 2- B rated type (CO2).

Chapter 5 - Quiz-2 Automatic Extinguishing Systems
Chapter 5 – Quiz-2 Automatic Extinguishing Systems

1. How often should commercial cooking system grease filters be cleaned?
1. How often should commercial cooking system grease filters be cleaned?
A. >>>Monthly.
B. Quarterly on each shift.
C. When needed.
D. Quarterly or as needed.

2. What distance should the manual release station be from the range hood?
2. What distance should the manual release station be from the range hood?
A. 10 inches minimum
B. 35 inches maximum.
C. >>>10 feet minimum and 35 feet maximum (new installations 20 feet maximum.
D. Outside the room.

3. How often and by whom is the commercial cooking system inspected?
A. >>>Semi-annually by a licensed contractor.
B. Quarterly by a cleaning company.
C. Annually by the Fire Department.
D. Monthly by a licensed contractor.

4. What is a dry pipe controlled by pressurized air called?
4. What is a dry pipe controlled by pressurized air called?
A. Pre-action.
B. Deluge.
C. >>>Automatic dry pipe.
D. Non- automatic dry pipe.

5. What part of the tetrahedron does inergen remove to put out fires?
5. What part of the tetrahedron does inergen remove to put out fires?
A. Heat.
B. >>>Oxygen.
C. Fuel.
D. Chain reaction.

6. What gas is not present in the inergen agent?
6. What gas is not present in the inergen agent?
A. >>>Halon.
B. Argon.
C. Carbon dioxide.
D. Oxygen.

7. What
7. What “trips” a dry pipe sprinkler system?
A. >>>A fused sprinkler head lowers air pressure on a clapper.
B. A heat detector operates the solenoid.
C. A smoke detector trips the clapper valves.
D. Manual water control valves.

Chapter 5 - Quiz-3 Flameproofing
Chapter 5 – Quiz-3 Flameproofing

1. Which of the following is required to be flameproofed by NYC code?
A. Office drapes.
B. Clothing for sale.
C. Clothing on display at museums.
D. >>>Scenery for a Broadway play.

2. Which is a flameproof process for fiberglass draperies?
A. Coating.
B. >>>Admixture.
C. Chemical change.
D. Pressure impregnation.

3. Which space is exempt from flameproofing rules in NYC?
A. >>>Large churches.
B. Restaurants.
C. Hotel lobbies.
D. Department stores.

4. What is the maximum period of time between flameproof applications?
A. 1 year.
B. 2 years.
C. >>>3 years.
D. 4 years.

5. What event(s) reduce the time between flame proofing applications?
A. Failing the small scale test.
B. Only if washed during the period.
C. If dry-cleaned during the warranted period.
D. >>>Any one of the choices.

6. All affidavits of flameproofing are to be sent to which government agency?
6. All affidavits of flameproofing are to be sent to which government agency?
A. NYC Board of Standards and Appeals.
B. Manufacturer of the item.
C. Local firehouse.
D. >>>Bureau of Fire Prevention.

7. What action should an owner of a public space take if a decoration is noncombustible?
A. >>>Obtain from a holder of a permit for flameproofing, an affidavit declaring the material non-combustible and file it with the bureau within 10 days of installation.
B. Send a copy of the manufacturer’s documentation as to the non-combustible character of item to the Chief of Fire Prevention.
C. The owner may prepare and file the affidavit with the FDNY.
D. None is required.

8. What is the standard of the
8. What is the standard of the “flame test”?
A. The decoration material must withstand direct flame as it is installed on the walls, etc.
B. >>>The sample does not continue to burn for more than two (2) seconds after the match has been withdrawn
C. The sample burns clean, with no smoke generated.
D. The flaming material breaks or drips from the sample.

9. An affidavit of non-combustibility will contain all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. Name and certificate number of the person doing the flameproofing.
B. Manufacturer of the item with any approval numbers.
C. The exact description of the material
D. >>>Toxicity information.

God Bless and do your best
John 3:16

16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

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