what is in front of it and beyond it
what is above it and below it
the size of it and distance it is from you
the speed of it and the direction it is traveling
on the trigger
beside the trigger
outside the trigger guard
inside the trigger guard
avoids joining conservation groups
understands safe gun handling
is willing to poach
primarily works at limiting out
It gives hunters the skills to limit out when hunting.
It produces knowledgeable and responsible hunters.
It promotes longer hunting seasons.
It helps control the animal population.
National Park Service
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Department of Natural Resources
U.S. Department of the Interior
case, primer, powder, and projectile
case, powder, wad, and slug
case, powder, projectile, and wad
case, powder, projectile, and shot
Centerfire ammunition is used for muzzleloaders.
Centerfire ammunition is limited to low pressure loads.
Rimfire cartridges are reloadable.
Rimfire primer is in the rim of the casing.
Steel shot weighs about two-thirds as much.
Steel shot produces a larger pattern.
Steel shot is softer.
Steel shot is more unstable in flight.
Expanding gas drives the bullet through the barrel.
Gunpowder burns and converts to a gas.
The trigger is pulled.
The primer explodes and sparks the gunpowder.
A fully-automatic may not be used for hunting.
On a fully-automatic, the trigger must be pulled each time a shot is fired.
A semi-automatic may not be used for sport shooting.
On a semi-automatic, firing is continuous as long as the trigger is held down.
magazine and trigger
open action and magazine
open action and muzzle
muzzle and trigger
is intended for use only by inexperienced hunters
can prevent all accidental shootings
can be bumped from the safe position
barrels and ammunition
barrels and safeties
actions and stocks
actions and ammunition
The shotgun will not fire.
The shot will not fly true, causing the hunter to miss the target.
The shell could lodge in the barrel and cause serious personal injury.
The shell could cause a misfire.
When a hang fire or misfire happens, immediately eject the cartridge or shell to clear the chamber.
Magnum loads should be fired occasionally in all firearms to clean out the barrel.
A hang fire is when the primer fails to ignite the powder.
Never carry more than one caliber or gauge of ammunition at the same time.
insufficient gunpowder in the shotshell
using the wrong choke for your quarry
using the wrong shotshell in your shotgun
which animals you can hunt
which stance to use when shooting
whether you are aiming at the target
when a shot will give a clean kill
Knowing a firearm’s range is critical only when firing a shotgun.
Knowing a firearm’s range is critical only when firing a rifle or handgun.
When you know a firearm’s range, you know how far the bullet or shot can travel and still cause injury.
When you know a firearm’s range, you know how close you need to be to hit your target every time.
Clean from the breech end.
Point the muzzle in a safe direction.
Field strip the firearm.
Use cleaning solvents in a well-ventilated area.
a warm, humid location
a cool, dry location
an unlocked case
a paper bag
adjusting the sight accurately and quickly
adjusting the sight quickly and consistently
hitting the target accurately and quickly
hitting the target accurately and consistently
Anyone who can hit a target from a bench rest can hit the same target while standing or kneeling.
A 24-inch circle is about the same size as the vital area of a deer.
When hunting, limit your shots to your most accurate range.
Before hunting, practice hitting a target at one-half the distance you expect to shoot in the field.
the foundation for shooting and hunting safety
what you see when a firearm’s sights are aligned correctly with the target
the process of lining up a firearm’s rear and front sights
what you do to identify your dominant eye
to increase your accuracy
to find game more easily
to ensure you limit out
to become a true sportsman
use lighter ammunition than you plan to use when hunting
examine the target and adjust the sight after each shot
fire the rifle from a solid bench rest
rest the barrel of the rifle on a sandbag
pull quickly with sudden pressure
pull quickly with only the fingertip
apply slow, steady pressure until the gun fires
apply small, fast jerks of pressure until the gun fires
to decide what animal to hunt
to select ammunition with the best performance
to compete against other hunters
to identify the best shooting position to use in the field
Bring the right foot slightly forward.
Bring the left foot slightly forward.
Keep the feet together.
Step out about 18 inches with the right foot.
at arm’s length
eyes and hands
eyes and chin
ears and hands
ears and eyes
purchase a hunting license
purchase a topographical map
learn about your quarry
learn the legal bag limit
an elevated stand
a ground blind
Make a loud noise. Wait to see if the animal reacts.
Use your rifle or a long branch to prod the animal’s hindquarters. Wait to see if the animal reacts.
Wait a short distance away. Watch for any rise and fall of the animal’s chest.
Wait a short distance away. Watch for the animal’s eyes to blink.
Take it back to camp.
Hang it up.
Allow it to cool.
Field dress it.
All muzzleloaders are rifles.
All muzzleloaders have only one barrel.
Muzzleloaders are safer and easier to use than modern firearms.
Muzzleloaders are early firearms that are loaded from the open end.
modern smokeless powder
Take the gun back home to correct the problem.
Look down the muzzle to identify the obstruction.
Keep the gun pointed downrange.
Reload and fire again.
Wear eye and ear protection when shooting a muzzleloader.
Load a muzzleloader with several charges at a time.
Prime a muzzleloader well before firing.
Blow down the muzzle to clear powder residue.
An arrow shot from a modern bow will never pass through an animal.
Modern bows can only shoot arrows at less than 50 miles per hour.
The bow is a short-range hunting tool.
The bow is a long-range hunting tool.
Use a crossbow for short-range shooting only.
Follow the safety rules for both firearms and bows.
Never use a cracked arrow.
Never dry fire a crossbow.
An arrow is harmless at a distance of over 40 yards.
An arrow is as deadly as a bullet.
An arrow is not easily deflected.
Basic firearm safety rules do not apply to archery.
when you are slowly approaching game
when you are walking behind another hunter
when you begin the hunt
when you first spot game
Dress game with great caution until you find all parts of the broadhead.
Use needle-nose pliers or locking pliers to screw on broadheads.
Broadheads have a dull edge.
Broadheads are risk-free.
firmly in your hands
in a carrier attached to the bow
in a quiver with a cover
in a plastic bag to protect from moisture
takes longer to perfect than the instinctive aiming method
is more versatile than the instinctive aiming method
requires the ability to accurately judge distances
allows the shooter to keep both eyes open while aiming the bow
when the distance is known
when the distance is not known
when the target is moving
when the target is far away
Keep firearms loaded and ready to shoot at all times.
Keep your finger outside the trigger guard until ready to shoot.
Treat an unloaded gun without concern for safety.
Make sure the barrel and action are clear of obstructions before shooting.
Unload a firearm before climbing a fence or tree.
Unload firearms when not in use.
Avoid alcoholic beverages before and during shooting
Be sure of the target, what is in front of it, and what is beyond it.
firearms and targets
firearms and arrows
firearms and knives
firearms and ammunition
ignoring firearm safety rules
lack of control and practice
hunter judgment mistakes
crowded hunting grounds
using the wrong gunpowder
elbow or side carry
two-handed or ready carry
if all other hunters are in front of you
if all other hunters are behind you
if all other hunters are either behind or beside you
regardless of the location of other hunters
The hunter in the center uses the trail carry.
The hunter in the center uses the cradle carry.
All three hunters point their guns to the right.
The hunter on the right points his or her gun to the left.
approaching downed game
crossing rough terrain
walking across an open field
a cleaning rod
a pipe cleaner
Lean the firearm against a vehicle.
Unload and case the firearm before transporting it.
Transport the firearm in a window gun rack whenever possible.
Leave the firearm in plain sight in an unoccupied vehicle to deter thieves.
the range of the firearms being used
the game being hunted
how many hunters in the group are aiming at the target
whether the hunters in the group are wearing daylight fluorescent orange
You can detect game earlier.
You can fall out of the stand.
You have a good backstop for shooting.
You are more visible to other hunters.
using a free rope attached to the stand
using a free-standing ladder
using a fall-arrest system (safety harness)
Put on your safety harness.
Slip the end of the haul line through your belt.
Unload the firearm and open the action.
Attach the haul line to the firearm.
Hand the firearm to a person in the boat.
Put the firearm’s safety on.
Unload the firearm and keep the action open.
Place the firearm in the rear of the boat with its muzzle facing forward.
high body temperature
rashy, red skin
to conserve wildlife
to protect private property
to promote hunting
to discourage hunting
about 50% of the population
about 35% of the population
about 20% of the population
about 5% of the population
A hunter baits deer with corn or protein pellets.
A hunter takes a shot outside his or her effective range.
A hunter drinks alcohol while hunting.
A hunter continues to hunt after reaching the bag limit.
doing the right thing is illegal
doing the wrong thing is legal
doing the illegal thing is wrong
doing the legal thing is right
by following game laws and regulations
by ignoring game violations
by leaving behind litter and garbage
by leaving shot game for scavengers
clean up all their litter
leave all gates as they found them
notify the landowner when they arrive and when they leave
do not get permission to hunt
work to improve others’ image of hunters
become involved in efforts to make hunting a respected sport
participate in hunting while ignoring the arguments of critics
teach hunting knowledge and skills to others
by keeping firearms in plain sight
by showing pictures of your kill in a public place
by transporting animals without displaying them
by wearing bloody hunting clothes on the street
bagging the limit
the total hunting experience
getting off the shot
quality of game rather than quantity
bagging the limit
the total hunting experience
getting off the shot
quality of game rather than quantity
Learn as much as you can about the hunting area before you arrive.
Rely on your hunting instincts and prior experience.
Load all firearms prior to driving or boating to the hunting area.
Pack a cooler of beer to enjoy during the hunting trip.
the name of your next of kin
your social security number and birthdate
your home address and email address
where you will be hunting and when you expect to return
one day before the hunt
one week before the hunt
well in advance of the hunt
during the hunt
Always wear wool clothing.
Always wear several layers of cotton or polyester clothing.
Always wear light clothing and a hat.
Always wear clothing suitable for the weather you expect.
breathable layer worn next to the body
wool sweater and cap
daylight fluorescent orange outerwear
waterproof protective outer layer
the North Pole
0 degrees declination
rules of firearms safety
rules of survival
basic hunting strategies
basic camping guidelines
Begin cutting long straight saplings.
Begin looking for food.
Look for a natural shelter.
Gather limbs and brush
flashing a mirror
marking an X in the snow, grass, or sand
signaling with a whistle
three repeats of any signal
two to four gallons
two to four quarts
two to four pints
two to four cups
Keep wet clothing on.
Avoid potentially dangerous weather conditions.
Wear cotton clothing instead of wool.
Do jumping jacks to stay warm.
Wrap up in a thermal foil blanket.
Cover yourself in snow for insulation.
Change from wool to cotton clothing if available.
Exercise vigorously to stay warm.
Move the victim lengthwise, feet first, supporting the feet.
Move the victim lengthwise, headfirst, supporting the head and neck.
Pull the victim by one arm, supporting the head and neck.
Pull the victim by one leg, supporting the feet.
Immerse in ice.
Immerse in cold water.
Cover with butter.
Wrap with a loose, dry dressing.
Locate a sterile bandage and cover the wound.
Locate any bandage and cover the wound.
Transport the victim to the hospital.
Cover the wound with the palm of your hand until a bandage is located.
to protect endangered species
to protect game and non-game species for future generations
to use and manage renewable resources wisely
to ensure unlimited resources for hunters
to help control wildlife populations at a healthy balance for the habitat
to remove unhealthy animals from game populations
to share the experience of the outdoors with non-hunters
to help focus attention on wildlife and the importance of conservation
birth and death rates
to make sure you limit out
to avoid taking illegal game or non-game animals
to receive a hunting license
to tag a harvested animal properly