Medical Term Chapter 15

neuroglia
the supporting and connecting cells of the nervous system

TIA
associated with stroke symptoms that resolve within 24 hours

blood brain barrier
a protective mechanism that blocks chemicals from entering brain tissue

motor fibers
the anterior root of the spinal cord is composed of

ataxia
the lack of muscular coordination in the execution of voluntary movement

arachnoid and pia mater
leptomeninges include the

asthenia
medical word for weakness

anterior root
located outside the cranium

concussion
an injury resulting from an impact with an object is called

epilepsies
chronic recurring seizures are called

sympathetic nervous system
fight or flight situations are dominated by

pupil dilation
controlled by the sympathetic nervous system

autism
a mental disorder characterized by extreme withdrawal and abnormal absorption in fantasy is

neurotransmitters
chemicals that facilitate the movement of impulses at synapses

esthesia
feeling

encephalitis
NOT considered a neural tube defect

status epilepticus
a life threatening emergency that involves the whole cortex

impulse conducting
neuroglia functions in all of the following activities EXCEPT

slow movement
bradykinesia

herpes zoster
an acute infectious disease in adults caused by the same organism responsible for chickenpox in children

dura mater only
the term pachymeningitis refers to the inflammation of

lethargy
abnormal activity or the lack of response to normal stimuli is called

plaques
brain lesions associated with alzheimer disease are

corpus callosum
the structure joining the two hemispheres of the brain is the

anal gesic
a drug used to reduce or relieve pain is a

movement
all functions of the cerebellum are concerned with

cerebrovascular accident
another term for stroke

gli/o
the combining form for glue, neuroglia tissue

fainting
term syncope means

brain and spinal cord
the central nervous system is composed of the

positron emission tomography
an imaging technique the produces colors to indicate the degree of metabolism or blood flow in the brain

synapse
the small space between neurons

dementia
a cognitive deficit including memory impairment

trephination
a circular opening cut into the skull to reveal brain tissue and decrease intracranial pressure

meninges
protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord are called

aphasia
the inability to speak

partial paralysis
the suffix paresis means

microglia
a neuroglial cell possesses phagocytic properties is a

olfactory
the thalamus receives all sensory stimuli EXCEPT

afferent nerves
nerves that conduct impulses toward CNS

aura
premonitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder

radiculopathy
inflammation of the nerve root associated with the spinal column

either the L or R side of the body
the results of stoke would most likely affect

multiple sclerosis
a disorder associated with demyelination is

hypnotics
medications that depress CNS functions promote sleep and relieve agitation anxiousness and restlessness are

paresis
is partial or incomplete paralysis

brain tissue
most intracranial tumors originate directly in the

syncope
fainting

Demyelination
throughout the spinal for and brain is characteristic of MS

Dendrites
are branding cytoplasmic projections of neurons that receive impulses and transmit them to the cell body

alzheimer disease
been identified as a leading cause of senile dementia

3-6 weeks
spontaneous recovery from bell palsy can be expected in about

vagotomy
a surgical procedure associated with the treatment of peptic ulcers

intracranial pressure
commonly causes papilledema

tono
tension

theco
sheath usually refers to meninges

myelo
bone marrow spinal cord

narco
stupor numbness sleep

stheno
strength

movement
kinesio

lepto
thin, slender

encephalo
brain

cerebro
cerebrum

thalamo
thalamus

ventriculo
ventricle of heart or brain

radiculo
nerve root

hemiparesis
weakness in one half of the body

alzheimer disease
pathologic condition associated with the formation of small plaques in the cerebral cortex

bulimia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by binging and purging

clonic phase
uncontrolled jerking

phobias
type of neurosis characterized by irrational fears

leptomeningitis
inflammation of the arachnoid and pia mater

asthenia
weakness debility or loss of strength

shingles
disease caused by the same organism that causes chickenpox in children

bell palsy
facial paralysis caused by functional disorder of the seventh cranial nerve

parkinson disease
disease characterized by head nodding bradykinesia tremors and shuffling gait

multiple sclerosis
disease characterized by demyelinatin in the spinal cord and brain

antipsychotics
agents that treat psychosis paranoia and schizophrenia by altering the chemicals in the brain including the limbic system which controls enyzmes

cryosurgery
technique that employs extreme cold to destroy tissue

CSF analysis
laboratory test used to diagnose viral and bacterial infections tumors and hemorrhage of brain

dysrhythmias
uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain

tractotomy
transection of a nerve tract in the brainstem or spinal cord

hypnotics
agents that depress central nervous system functions and promote sedation and sleep

lethargy
abnormal activity or lack of response to normal stimuli; sluggishness

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