APUSH Ch. 23 & 24 (The Great Depression and the New Deal)

Between May 1928 and September 1929, the prices of the stocks of the major industries
doubled in value

the steady rise in stock prices between the spring of 1928 and the fall of 1929 was caused by
the easy credit policies of brokerage firms

The Great Depression was caused by all of the following factors except
American industries and banks were not involved in the European economy

The collapse of the international credit structure in the early 1930s was fostered by the US policy of
loaning less money to foreign countries

The closing of over 9000 American banks between 1930 and 1933 resulted in
a decrease in the money supply

According to a crude estimate, the unemployment rate in 1932 at the height of the Depression was
25 percent

During the Depression, people who lived in the industrial Northeast and Midwest experienced
the collapse of city and state relief systems

Between 1929 and 1932, farmers in the Dust Bowl of the South and Midwest experienced all of the following problems except
rapidly rising prices

During the Depression, blank Americans suffered special hardships, which were caused by
all of the answers below

In the Scottsboro case of the 1930s, all of the following events occurred except
the youths eventually were acquitted by one of the juries that heard the case

During the Depression, the cause of equal rights for blacks was advanced when
many blacks were allowed to join labor unions

Although blacks and hispanics suffered similar hardships during the Depression, the Hispanics encountered the additional problem of
having little access to public schools and hospitals

One of the goals of the Japanese-Americans Citizen League was to
encourage Nisei to become more assimilated to American culture

All of the following statements about women in the Depression are true except
women experienced a significant increase in gaining opportunities for jobs in professional fields of work

During the Depression, women in the workforce experienced a change in their situation, in that
30 percent more women were working

By the end of the 1930s, the American feminist movement had
reached its lowest point in nearly a century

In response to the Depression, American social values
seemed to change relatively little

A sociological study of Muncie, Indiana, in the mid-1930s found that
Americans still remained committed to the traditional value of individualism

During the Depression, many Americans reacted by
all of the answers below

Dale Carnegie’s 1936 best seller, How to Win Friends and Influence People, promoted the principle that
adaptability to one’s environment and making others feel important are the more effective routes to success

During the Depression, intellectual writers, popular writers, and photographers portrayed the distress of certain groups of Americans. the primary group addressed by these efforts was the
Southern tenant farmers and sharecroppers

Literary works of the 1930s that addressed the social problems of the Depression included all of the following novels except
Harvey Allen’s “Anthony Adverse”

Commercial films of the 1930s were
often deliberately and explicitly escapist

the most popular radio shows, movies, and literature of the Depression reflected America’s desire to
escape the economic problems of the day

The American Communist party of the 1930s was engaged in promoting all of the following activities except
a challenge to the Soviet policies of Stalin

During the 1930s, the Socialist party of America was led by
Norman Thomas

Herbert Hoover’s early response to the Depression included all of the following actions except
lowering tariffs in order to encourage foreigners to buy American products

the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929 failed to improve conditions for farmers because
the program relied on voluntary cooperation rather than on federal control

During 1930 and 1931, Hoover’s situation deteriorated even further because
all of the answers below

Following the 1931 collapse of the largest bank in Austria, European nations reacted by
withdrawing their gold from American banks

Hoover responded to the domestic crisis in 1931 by asking Congress to
increase funding for financial institutions to prevent mortgage foreclosure

The purpose of the reconstruction Finance Corporation was to
provide federal loans to troubled banks, railroads, and other big businesses

One of the Hoover administration’s major failings in dealing with the Depression was its
reluctance to spend large amounts of federal funds

During 1932, the bad conditions produced by the Depression caused some farmers to engage in a ll father following actions except
destroying their crops in an attempt to limit production

The purpose of the “Bonus Army” march into Washington, DC in 1932 was to
persuade Congress to approve the early payment of bonuses due to World War I veterans

the final outcome of the “Bonus Army” march was that Congress gave the marchers
nothing, and the president authorized the use of military force to make them leave

The election of 1932 saw all of the following events except
the Republicans dumped Herbert Hoover in a desperate attempt to avoid defeat

During the election of 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt gained the public’s attention by emphasizing all of the following ideas except
a definite plan for economic recovery

Between the election in the late 1932 and the inauguration in early 1933,
the banking industry began to collapse

In his inaugural address, FDR tolds Americans that they had “nothing to fear but
fear itself”

FDR’s strongest asset in restoring confidence to the American public was his
confidence, optimism, and ability in public relations

In an attempt to solve the most ciritcal problem of the economy, FDR’s first action after taking office was to
close the banks for a four-day holiday

In his first month in office,FDR restored public confidence in the banking system by
persuading Congress to pass the Emergency Banking Act which permitted solvent banks to operate

FDR’s early attempts to convince the buisness community that the federal government was in responsible hands was illustrated by the
Economy Act

The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 significantly and permanently changed the economic structure of American agriculture by
committing the federal government to subsizing from prices up to the parity level

although the Supreme Court struck down the Agriculutral Adjustment Act of 1933, the Roosevelt administration replaced it with a new law that
paid farmers to keep land out of production to conserve soil and prevent erosion`

One of the most successful for New Deal programs for farmers was
rural electrification

The primary intent of the Natoinal Industrial Recovery Act was to
keep prices stable on industrial goods

The National Industrial Recovery Act encountered all of the following serious problems except
industrial prices did not change

In a 1935 case involving a local poultry buisness, the Supreme Court ruled that the NRA was
unconstitutional, because it violated both the interestate commerce clause and the legislative powers clause of the Consitution

The establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority was based on the political theory that the federal government should
become the chief architect of economic planning

The goals of the Tennessee Valley Authority included all of the followig except
improving railroad transportation

In adopting the policy of government-managed currency, the New Deal determined that the value of the US dollar would be set by
the economic circumstances at any given time

The following pairs match New Deal agencies with their primary purpose. The incorrect pair is
The Civil Works Administration-provide permanent jobs in the construction of government office buildings

The Civilian Conservation Corps pursued the objective of
creating jobs for men who could not find work in cities, providing emplyment to millions of young men, advancing conservation and reforestation, and developing parks

During the mid-1930s, some powerful Americans criticzed the New Deal for all of the following reasons except
preventing urban crime and violence

Critics of FDR and the New Deal included all of the following except
Governor William Green

Popular protest agains the New Deal promoted all of the following new programs except
guaranteed annual income

the National Labor Relations Act promoted workers by providing them with
the power to form unions and engage in colllective bargaining

the rise of labor unions in the 1930s was due to all of the following causes except
the increasing influence of skilled workers in unions

the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) changed the labor movement by
organizing workers by industry rather than craft

In their battle with General Motors, the United Auto Workers developed the effective new technique of
sit-down strikes

When the “Little Steel” companies used violence against the unions at the “Memorial Day Massacre” of 1937, the event was signifcant because it was the
last major management victory achieved through brutal strikebreaking tactics

the orginal creator of social security thought of it as
“Insurance” with benefits based on paying those who earned the money by making contributions

in comparison to other federal work relief agencies, the Works Progress Administration was
the largest and most permanent employer

The Works Progress Administration included all of the following progorams except
enrolling workers in the military after the completion of projects

One of the problems with the New Deal work relief systems was that
females recieved more cash assistance but less work relief than men

Although FDR had opposition from the left and the right during the 1936 election, he had no problem winning re-election for all of the following reasons except
the main leader of the right was implicated in a scandal

by 1936, FDR had succeeding in creating a new Democratic coalition, which was composed of all of the following groups except
traditional progressives

the final outcome of the battle over FDR’s “court packing” plan was that the Supreme Court
stopped overturning New Deal legislations, but the New Deal coalition splintered

The “Roosevelt recession” may have been the result of
Roosevelt’s decision to cut spending

The “broker state”, which developed during the New Deal, was based on the idea that the federal governemnt should
intervene in the battle between interest groups, helping some and limiting others, to keep them equal in power

During the New Deal, blacks became strong supporters of the Democratic party because
the New Deal relief agencies included blacks as recipients

the “Black Cabinent” was
civil rights’ activists who influenced the thinking of Eleanor and FDR

The Indian Reorganization Act changed government policy toward tribes by
returning political authority to the tribes and allowing them to own land collectively

when dealing with the interests of women, the New Deal
accepted the prevailing cultural norm of women as secondary to the male in the work place

the historians who analyzed the New Deal offered all of the following positive interpretations except
it changed the prevailing cultural ideas enough that conservatives would always be on the defensive thereafter

the historians who analyzed the New Deal offered all of the following negative interpretations except
it helped to destroy the American tradition of political a social individualism

the section of the country that received more federal funds per capita than any other region was the

In the long run, the New Deal had all of the following effects on the economy except
substantially altering the distribution of wealth in America

the most profound and long-lasting effect of the New Deal on American policies was that
the increasing power of the president lessened the power of Congress

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