7th Grade Science

Are euglena unicellular or multicellular?
Unicellular

What organelle carries out photosynthesis?
Chloroplasts

On what end is the flagellum located in a euglena?
On the anterior

What are euglena?
Euglena are a type of protist

Are euglena heterotrophic, autotrophic, or both?
Both

What are two ways in which the euglena get their nutrients?
1) They make it
or
2) They absorb nutrients across the cell membrane

What is the euglena’s eyespot used for?
To detected light

What is the function of the nucleus in a euglena?
Contains the DNA and controls the cell’s activtys

What is the function of the contractile vacuole in a euglena?
Remove excess water

How does an Amoeba move?
Pseudopodias

What structure contains the amebas DNA?
Nucleus

How does an ameba reproduce?
binary fission

During unfavorable conditions an ameba forms what?
Endospore (cyst)

How are protists classified?
By how they move and eat

What is the funnel like depression on the pellicle called? (For a paramecium)
Oral Grove

How do paramecium regulate their water contact?
Contractile Vacuoles

How do paramecium move?
Cillia

WHat is the function of the macronucleus? (Larger Nucleus)
Controls most of the metabolic functions

What is the function of the micronucleus? (Smaller Nucleus)
Reproductive and hereditary functions

What do paramecium use for defense?
They swim away

WHere can you find paramecium?
Water

What do paramecium eat?
Small Protozoans

Where does digestion occur in a paramecium?
Food Vacuoles

Are Fungi unicellular or multicellular?
Mostly Multicellular

What is the cell structure for fungi?
Rigid cell walls, nucleus, and no chlorophyll

How do fungi obtain their energy?
They are heterotrophs, consumers, decomposers, parasites, and they digest the food outside and then absorb it after it is digested.

How do fungi reproduce?
Sexually or asexually, spores, sex cells, sexual spores, and budding which is part of asexual reproduction

Organization of Fungi.
Cells make long strands of hyphae, hyphae makes mycelium, and then you have a fungus

What are the four groups of Fungi?
Threadlike(molds), Sac(yeasts), Club(Mushrooms), and Imperfect

What are some examples of the four types of fungi?
Yeast, mold, smut, lichen, and mushrooms

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