o The Civil Liberties Bureau that was founded during WWI was expanded.
o They campaigned to overturn repressive practices and laws that were being used to convict and jail people.
o Freedom of speech was often contradicted with the rights of the individual. For example, there were people who didn’t share in the beliefs of evolution or the Ku Klux Clan, but the freedom to stand up against the government was essential to an individual’s freedom.
• There were more demands for immigration to enforce restrictions from eastern and southern Europe. (Asian’s were barred from entering the United States)
• Immigrants that were already in the country wanted to maintain their own cultural traditional values (pluralism) rather that become Americanized.
• Members of the Supreme Court like Oliver Wendell Holmes and Louis Brandice began questioning whether it was an appropriate to suppress speech.
• Supreme Court decisions began to get overturned on convictions and jailing of individuals for just expressing their views.
• The American Civil Liberties Union became a stronger component and were able to defend an individual’s civil liberties.
• The courts began to enforce the Bill of Rights.