Infectious and Non Infection Diseases

Infectious Diseases
A disease that is caused by an agent that can be passed
from one living thing to another.

5 examples of infectious diseases
Bacterium – Strep throat,
Virus – Flu
Fungus- Athletes foot
Protozoan – Amebic Dysentary
Parasite – Malaria

antibiotic
Drug that kills bacteria

6 physical barriers of bodies defense system
Skin, Hairs, Tears, Mucus, Saliva, Stomach Acid

two common bacterial infections
Sinus Infection, Mono

3 common viral infections
Cold, flu, HIV

Immune System
Your bodies natural defense against a disease

What is the difference between Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2?
Type 1 is called juvenile diabetes because it starts when you are young. Type 2 is called adult onset because it usually occurs later in life

HIV
Human immunedeficiency virus a virus that attacks the human immune system

AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

Asthma
noninfectious disease of the lungs

cancer
noninfectious disease that mutates cells

diabetes
noninfectious disease where the body is inable to manufacture insulin

stroke
noninfectious disease that is a heart attack in the brain

heart attack
noninfectious disease that is a blockage in the heart that causes damage

3 symptoms of asthma
shortness of breath wheezing coughing

Why can you have HIV without AIDS
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS the disease

4 ways to spread aids
sexually, blood contact of transfusions, mother to baby, sharing needles

Epidemic
a disease that is spread throughout a large population

Pandemic
a disease spread worldwide

how many people in the U.S have HIV
800-900 thousand

How many people in Africa are infected
22.9 million

Protozoa that causes disease
amebic dysentry

3 parasites that cause disease
tapeworm, malaria, roundworm

3 fungal infections
Athletes foot, ringworm, jock itch

Why is it so hard to treat a virus
because viruses keep mutating

largest organ in the body
your skin

bloodborne pathogen
an infectious disease found in bodily fluids

everytime you see a bodily fluid you should assume it is
infected

vaccine
a preventive way not to get a virus

a virus you have to take before entering school
Hepatitsis B

What is infected when a person has hepititis
Liver

How many times more infecttious in Hepatits that AIDS
1000

3 hepatitis strain
A,B,C

What hepitatis strain has a vaccine to help prevent the spread?
Hepatitis B

What kind of cell is osmosis jones
white blood cell

4 parts of the bodies immune system
macrophages, t-cells, b-cells, antibodies

The nurse is caring for a patient newly diagnosed with HIV. The patient asks what would determine the actual development of AIDS. The nurse’s response is based on the knowledge that what is a diagnostic criterion for AIDS? A. Presence …

“1. A patient with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus asks the nurse what “”type 2″” means in relation to diabetes. The nurse explains to the patient that type 2 diabetes differs from type 1 diabetes primarily in that with …

With regard to pharyngitis caused by group C streptococci, the NP considers that: A. potential complications include glomerulonephritis B. appropriate antimicrobial therapy helps to facilitate more rapid resolution of symptoms C. infection with these organisms carries a significant risk of …

What happens to the packaged DNA of a specialized transduced phage when it infects a new recipient cell? The host DNA integrates, with the prophage, into the new recipient chromosome Which of the following is true concerning a lysogenic viral …

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