abnormal psychology final review

reexposure to the tramatic event
Jane has been diagnosed with PTSD and has begun seeing a psychotherapist. Which of the following will be the most important strategy for her therapist to employ to achieve long-term benefit?

reintegrate the different personalities into a whole
What is the main objective in treating patients with dissociative identity disorder?

select specific treatments according to specific symptoms exhibited by their patients.
A group of mental health professionals specialize in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Based on current empirical evidence, these professionals would be well advised to

They have no clear biological cause
Which of the following is characteristic of somatic symptom disorders?

a normal fear response triggered at an inappropriate time.
To say that panic is like a “false alarm” means that panic is

GABA
Which neurotransmitter is affected by benzodiazepine drugs?

who did not receive social support on their return had high rates of PTSD.
Research on social factors and the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder suggests a role of social support in the etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It was found that veterans

traumatic stress
An event that involves actual or threatened death, or serious injury to self or others, and creates intense feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror is defined by DSM-5 as involving

situational exposure
Alex suffers from agoraphobia, and while in treatment he is asked to repeatedly confront places like crowded shopping malls and theaters that he has been avoiding. The treatment he is receiving is

obsessions
Repetitive, unwanted, intrusive cognitive events in the form of thoughts, images, or impulses that intrude suddenly into consciousness are called

involves both the element of performance and interpersonal interactions
A differential diagnosis between social and specific phobia is a bit tricky. You need to look for the most important difference between social phobia and specific phobia, which is that social phobia

facial features
What part of the body is the most frequent preoccupation of individuals with body dysmorphic disorder?

Bob has had symptoms for longer than Ray has had symptoms.
Ray has the diagnosis of acute stress disorder; Bob has been diagnosed as suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder. What is a major difference in their conditions?

Therapists may be suggesting the existence of such memories to their clients.
One of the greatest controversies in psychology today is the issue of recovered memories. Some individuals argue that such memories reveal past sexual abuse; others disagree. What is one of the concerns for those who raise questions about recovered memories?

both appear to be either modestly or moderately heritable
What have studies of the genetics of panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder found concerning the genetic component in a model of the cause of these disorders?

Victims must engage emotionally with their traumatic memories.
Following September 11, New York City college students had lower rates of PTSD if they were better at enhancing and suppressing emotional expression. This is an example of what psychologist Edna Foa calls emotional processing, which involves three key stages. Which of the following is one of her stages?

residual
The experience of most schizophrenics may be seen as falling into three phases: prodromal, active, and

positive symptoms
Schizophrenic symptoms, sometimes called psychotic symptoms, that include hallucinations and delusions are known as

many people with substance use disorders do not acknowledge their difficulties
The treatment of alcoholism and other types of substance use disorders is an especially difficult task because

those with positive expectations go on to consume greater amounts of alcohol
Longitudinal studies of adolescent alcohol use and their expectancy patterns have found that

He appears frozen, like a mannequin
Mark is a patient who has been diagnosed with catatonic behavior. Which of these symptoms might characterize his condition?

tardive dyskinesia
What is one common problem with prolonged use of traditional antipsychotic medications for treating psychosis?

requiring more of the substance to achieve the same effect that lower doses once achieved
Tolerance for a psychoactive substance refers to

anhedonia
What term is used to describe patients who feel no joy or excitement, even while doing things they formerly enjoyed?

Evidence suggests dependence and abuse are not clearly distinct forms of disorder
What evidence led developers of DSM-5 to remove the distinction between substance abuse and substance dependence?

conditioned response
Ivan Pavlov rang a bell every time he fed meat powder to dogs. After repeated trials, the dogs began to salivate when they heard the bell, even if there was no food in sight. According to Pavlov, the dogs’ salivation in the absence of food, following the ringing of the bell, is called the

id, ego, superego
According to Sigmund Freud, what are the three parts of the mind?

biopsychosocial
What approach do the authors use when considering the etiology of various mental disorders?

the diathesis-stress model
Some researchers view alcoholism as the result of having a genetic predisposition to alcohol addiction while also having to cope with difficult life circumstances. This type of analysis is an example of

personal distress or impairment in social functioning
What is the emphasis of the definition of abnormal behavior in the DSM‑5?

many risk factors might be involved in a disorder’s etiology.
The principle of equifinality, or the concept of multiple pathways, means that

it is likely that everyone will be touched by the problems associated with mental illness at some point in their life.
The point of view of this textbook is that

humanistic care would help to relieve mental illness.
The improvement in conditions of mental hospitals in the 1800s was based in part on the belief that

Homosexuality was a diagnosis in the first two editions of the DSM, taken out for the third edition, and has never been reintroduced.
What is the history of the “diagnosis” homosexuality in the DSM?

not psychopathological, because it is part of her culture.
Olivia grew up in a society where mourners pull out their hair, go into an emotional frenzy, and speak in tongues. On a visit to the United States, she did these things in public when she heard that a relative had died. According to DSM-5, her behavior would be considered

dysthymia
For the past two years, Nick has experienced poor appetite, insomnia, fatigue, and several other symptoms. These symptoms have kept him from feeling happy, and yet they do not indicate a major depressive episode. When assessing Nick, what disorder is the psychologist most likely to consider?

a larger role of genetic factor in bipolar mood disorder
Studies of the concordance rates for depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder in monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins suggest

Pete, who believes his digestive tract is dust and hears voices telling him he is evil
Which of the following patients exhibits depression with psychotic features?

at least four episodes of mania, hypomania, or major depression within a year
Rapid cycling bipolar disorder is characterized by

succeed
From rates of attempted and successful suicides, we can conclude that females more often attempt suicide and males more often _________.

Dysthymia usually lasts longer
What is one way that dysthymia differs from major depression?

White males over 50
The highest suicide rate in the United States is among

A clinical mood change is usually accompanied by a cluster of additional signs and symptoms.
Which of the following is an important consideration in distinguishing clinical depression from normal sadness?

over generalized conclusions about one’s self based on negative experiences.
A good example of the type of cognitive distortions that lead to depression, according to the textbook, would include

elated mood
Which of the following is a clinical feature of mania?

speeded up
People who are clinically depressed frequently note that their thinking is slowed down, while manic patients commonly report that their thoughts are __________.

improvement usually occurs within four to six weeks
Among patients who respond positively to antidepressant medication,

predictive
Videotapes of 10-year-old children are being used to determine if their social interactions are related to the development of schizophrenia in adulthood. What type of validity is the focus of interest here?

reliability and validity
The two principal criteria used to evaluate a classification system like DSM-5 are

descriptive features
Mental disorders are currently classified on the basis of

all distinctions among members of different categories are qualitative.
A categorical approach assumes that

adult clients keeping records of their own behavior
Self-monitoring refers to

evaluation
A psychologist conducts an interview and administers several psychological tests in order to evaluate the nature of a person’s problem and to formulate a treatment plan. What term is used to describe this process?

record subtle distinctions
One advantage of a dimensional system of classification is that it allows scientists to

by similar kinds of symptoms
How are disorders grouped in DSM-5?

what Oscar learned about how grief should be displayed
Oscar has recently lost a loved one; a mental health professional who is trying to be sensitive to the cultural context of Oscar’s problem will want to know

reliability
Two clinical psychologists each interview and diagnose a group of patients. The extent to which they agree on the diagnosis of each patient is called

reexposure to the tramatic event
Jane has been diagnosed with PTSD and has begun seeing a psychotherapist. Which of the following will be the most important strategy for her therapist to employ to achieve long-term benefit?

reintegrate the different personalities into a whole
What is the main objective in treating patients with dissociative identity disorder?

select specific treatments according to specific symptoms exhibited by their patients.
A group of mental health professionals specialize in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Based on current empirical evidence, these professionals would be well advised to

They have no clear biological cause
Which of the following is characteristic of somatic symptom disorders?

a normal fear response triggered at an inappropriate time.
To say that panic is like a “false alarm” means that panic is

GABA
Which neurotransmitter is affected by benzodiazepine drugs?

who did not receive social support on their return had high rates of PTSD.
Research on social factors and the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder suggests a role of social support in the etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It was found that veterans

traumatic stress
An event that involves actual or threatened death, or serious injury to self or others, and creates intense feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror is defined by DSM-5 as involving

situational exposure
Alex suffers from agoraphobia, and while in treatment he is asked to repeatedly confront places like crowded shopping malls and theaters that he has been avoiding. The treatment he is receiving is

obsessions
Repetitive, unwanted, intrusive cognitive events in the form of thoughts, images, or impulses that intrude suddenly into consciousness are called

involves both the element of performance and interpersonal interactions
A differential diagnosis between social and specific phobia is a bit tricky. You need to look for the most important difference between social phobia and specific phobia, which is that social phobia

facial features
What part of the body is the most frequent preoccupation of individuals with body dysmorphic disorder?

Bob has had symptoms for longer than Ray has had symptoms.
Ray has the diagnosis of acute stress disorder; Bob has been diagnosed as suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder. What is a major difference in their conditions?

Therapists may be suggesting the existence of such memories to their clients.
One of the greatest controversies in psychology today is the issue of recovered memories. Some individuals argue that such memories reveal past sexual abuse; others disagree. What is one of the concerns for those who raise questions about recovered memories?

both appear to be either modestly or moderately heritable
What have studies of the genetics of panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder found concerning the genetic component in a model of the cause of these disorders?

Victims must engage emotionally with their traumatic memories.
Following September 11, New York City college students had lower rates of PTSD if they were better at enhancing and suppressing emotional expression. This is an example of what psychologist Edna Foa calls emotional processing, which involves three key stages. Which of the following is one of her stages?

dysthymia
For the past two years, Nick has experienced poor appetite, insomnia, fatigue, and several other symptoms. These symptoms have kept him from feeling happy, and yet they do not indicate a major depressive episode. When assessing Nick, what disorder is the psychologist most likely to consider?

a larger role of genetic factor in bipolar mood disorder
Studies of the concordance rates for depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder in monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins suggest

Pete, who believes his digestive tract is dust and hears voices telling him he is evil
Which of the following patients exhibits depression with psychotic features?

at least four episodes of mania, hypomania, or major depression within a year
Rapid cycling bipolar disorder is characterized by

succeed
From rates of attempted and successful suicides, we can conclude that females more often attempt suicide and males more often _________.

Dysthymia usually lasts longer
What is one way that dysthymia differs from major depression?

White males over 50
The highest suicide rate in the United States is among

A clinical mood change is usually accompanied by a cluster of additional signs and symptoms.
Which of the following is an important consideration in distinguishing clinical depression from normal sadness?

over generalized conclusions about one’s self based on negative experiences.
A good example of the type of cognitive distortions that lead to depression, according to the textbook, would include

elated mood
Which of the following is a clinical feature of mania?

speeded up
People who are clinically depressed frequently note that their thinking is slowed down, while manic patients commonly report that their thoughts are __________.

improvement usually occurs within four to six weeks
Among patients who respond positively to antidepressant medication,

predictive
Videotapes of 10-year-old children are being used to determine if their social interactions are related to the development of schizophrenia in adulthood. What type of validity is the focus of interest here?

reliability and validity
The two principal criteria used to evaluate a classification system like DSM-5 are

descriptive features
Mental disorders are currently classified on the basis of

all distinctions among members of different categories are qualitative.
A categorical approach assumes that

NOT children learning to regulate their own behavior
Self-monitoring refers to

evaluation
A psychologist conducts an interview and administers several psychological tests in order to evaluate the nature of a person’s problem and to formulate a treatment plan. What term is used to describe this process?

record subtle distinctions
One advantage of a dimensional system of classification is that it allows scientists to

by similar kinds of symptoms
How are disorders grouped in DSM-5?

what Oscar learned about how grief should be displayed
Oscar has recently lost a loved one; a mental health professional who is trying to be sensitive to the cultural context of Oscar’s problem will want to know

reliability
Two clinical psychologists each interview and diagnose a group of patients. The extent to which they agree on the diagnosis of each patient is called

conditioned response
Ivan Pavlov rang a bell every time he fed meat powder to dogs. After repeated trials, the dogs began to salivate when they heard the bell, even if there was no food in sight. According to Pavlov, the dogs’ salivation in the absence of food, following the ringing of the bell, is called the

id, ego, superego
According to Sigmund Freud, what are the three parts of the mind?

biopsychosocial
What approach do the authors use when considering the etiology of various mental disorders?

the diathesis-stress model
Some researchers view alcoholism as the result of having a genetic predisposition to alcohol addiction while also having to cope with difficult life circumstances. This type of analysis is an example of

personal distress or impairment in social functioning
What is the emphasis of the definition of abnormal behavior in the DSM‑5?

many risk factors might be involved in a disorder’s etiology.
The principle of equifinality, or the concept of multiple pathways, means that

it is likely that everyone will be touched by the problems associated with mental illness at some point in their life.
The point of view of this textbook is that

humanistic care would help to relieve mental illness.
The improvement in conditions of mental hospitals in the 1800s was based in part on the belief that

Homosexuality was a diagnosis in the first two editions of the DSM, taken out for the third edition, and has never been reintroduced.
What is the history of the “diagnosis” homosexuality in the DSM?

not psychopathological, because it is part of her culture.
Olivia grew up in a society where mourners pull out their hair, go into an emotional frenzy, and speak in tongues. On a visit to the United States, she did these things in public when she heard that a relative had died. According to DSM-5, her behavior would be considered

Term Definition Promotion The positive communication a business has with its customers. Product Promotion Promotion of a store’s merchandise. Institutional Promotion Promotion meant to heighten a store’s image. Personal Selling A type of promotion that involves the use of paid …

Denial is a common reaction to the diagnosis of a disability or chronic illness. Which statement best applies to denial as a defense mechanism? It is a necessary cushion to prevent disintegration. Adaptive denial is effective as the family begins …

Inexpensive tests for frequency urination patient? Checking hormones levels – problems with pituitary or adrenal gland Blood test to check for hormone levels Measure urination quantity Physical exam for hydration status, checking blood pressure Perform a prostate examination Giardia does …

Monthly Premium (for people who pay a premium) $407 each month Late Enrollment Penalty -If you don’t buy it when you are 1st eligible your monthly premium goes up 10% (you will have to pay the higher premium for twice …

David from ajethno:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy