Anatomy: Supine, Prone

cephalic
head

cranial
skull

facial
face

frontal
forehead

orbital/ocular
eye

buccal
cheek

otic
ear

nasal
nose

cervical
neck

thoracic
chest

mammary
breast

abdominal
abdomen

umbilical
naval

pelvic
pelvis

manual
hand

inguinal
groin

pubic
pubis

femoral
thigh

pedal
foot

digit/phalangeal
toes

tarsal
ankle

crural
leg

patellar
kneecap

palmar
palm

carpal
wrist

antebrachial
forearm

antecubital
front of elbow

brachial
arm

axillary
armpit

mental
chin

oral
mouth

acromial
shoulder

dorsal
upper back

olecranal
back of elbow

lumbar
lower back

gluteal
buttox

popliteal
back of knee

sural
calf

calcaneal
heel of foot

plantar
sole of foot

anterior
front

posterior
back

ventral
front

dorsal
back

cranial
head

caudal
tail

superior
above

inferior
below

medial
middle

lateral
side

proximal
towards point of attachment

distal
away from point of attachment

superficial
near the surface

deep
away from the surface

transverse/cross section
seperates superior and inferior

frontal/coronal
seperates anterior and posterior portions of the body

sagittal
seperates right and left portions

midsaggital
divides body in half seperating right and left sides

ventral cavity
In front of spinal cord, contains organs of respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, and reproductive system.

thoracic cavity
encloses the heart: has 3 chambers

pericardial cavity
encloses the heart (1st chamber)

pleural cavities
cavities around the lungs (2, 2nd chamber)

visceral pericardium
layer covering the organ

parietal pericardium
outside layer touching the cavity

visceral pleura
layer covering the organ

parietal pleura
outside layer touching cavity

abdominopelvic cavity
divided into two cavities

abdominal cavity
superior cavity: contains liver, spleen, stomach, small intestine and most of large intestine

pelvic cavity
inferior to abdominal cavity: end of the large intestine, bladder and reproductive system

dorsal cavity
contains the brain and spinal cord

cranial cavity
holds the brain

spinal cavity
holds the spinal cord

Chapter 01 Major Themes of Anatomy and Physiology True / False Questions 1. Sometimes anatomical terms come from origins that do not lend any insight into their meaning. TRUE Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic …

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Superior (cranial) toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above Inferior (caudal) away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

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