Surface Anatomy Flash Cards

Temporal
lateral side of head, superior to the ear

Frontal
Anterior side of head, superior to the eyes: Forehead

Occipital
Posterior side of head, superior to the neck

Auricular
Auricular
Ear

Orbital
Eye

Supercillary arch
Supercillary arch
Eyebrow

Nasal
Nasal
Nose

Oral
Oral
Mouth

Buccal
Buccal
Cheek

Mental
Mental
Chin

Filtrum
Vertical depression between nose and upper lip

Superior Palpebra
Superior Palpebra
upper eyelid

Inferior Palpebra
Inferior Palpebra
Lower Eyelid

Nuchal
Posterior Neck Region

Vertebra Prominens
Vertebra Prominens
Spinous process of Vertebrae

Theyroid Cartilage
Adams Apple

Suprasternal Notch
Suprasternal Notch
Where the neck terminates. Created by the manubrium and left and right clavicles

Anterior Triangle
Anterior Triangle
Anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle and inferior to the mandible.

Posterior Triangle
Posterior Triangle
Lateral Region of the neck. Posterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, superior to the clavicle inferiorly, and anterior to the trapezius muscle.

Clavicle
Clavicle
Collar Bone. Represent the border between the thorax and the nec

Acromion
Acromion
Bump on the superior side of the shoulder created by the scapula

Costal Margins
Costal Margins
inferior edge of the rib cage

Infrasternal angle
Infrasternal angle
where the costal margins join to form an inverted “V” at the xiphoid process.

Umbillicus
Umbillicus
Belly button

Linea Alba
Linea Alba
A tendinous structure that extends inferiorly from the xyphoid process to the pubic symphysis.

Pubic Bones
Pubic Bones
may be palpated on the anterior, inferior region of the abdomen, underneath the pubic hair.

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
Hip Bone Protrusion

Inguinal Ligament
Inguinal Ligament
inferior boundary of the abdominal wall

Inguinal Canal
Inguinal Canal
A passage in the anterior abdominal wall

Illiac Crest
protuberance on lower back on either side of the midline of the back. when a horizontal line is drawn between them it bisects the spinous process of L4.

Placement of coccyx
Most inferior portion of the back. between the superior portion of the gluteus maximus muscles.

Triangle of auscultation
Triangle of auscultation
superior region of the back that is bordered by three muscles: the rhomboid major, trapezius, and latissimius dorsi. a place to listen to breath sounds and heartbeat with stethoscope.

Deltoid Muscle
Deltoid Muscle
The rounded curve of the shoulder

Axillary Lymph Nodes
lymph nodes in the armpit

Axillary Artery
Artery in armpit that may be palpated to feel heartbeat.

Cephalic Vein
Cephalic Vein
vein that traverses bicep muscle on the lateral side of the arm. is easily seen in muscular individuals.

Basilic Vein
Basilic Vein
traverses the bicep on the medial side of the upper arm.

Cubital Fossa
Cubital Fossa
A depression located on the anterior surface of the elbow.

Median Cubital Vein
Median Cubital Vein
connects basilica and cephalic veins.

Brachial Artery
Brachial Artery
found on the medial side of the brachium

Lateral Epicondyle
The rounded lateral projection at the distal end of the humorous. on the lateral side of the upper arm

Medial Epicondyle
boney protuberance on the medial side of the elbow

Ulnar Sulcus with Ulnar Nerve
A groove on the medial side of the distal humorous that houses and nerve to protect it from injury

Olecranon
Elbow

Anterbrachium
The Forearm. Between the elbow and the wrist

Styloid Process of Ulnar
protuberance on medial side of wrist

Styloid Process of Radius
protuberance on lateral side of wrist

Radial Artery
palpable artery on anterior side of the distal forearm

Thenar Eminence
Thenar Eminence
thickened muscular region that forms the base of the thumb.

Hypothenar Eminence
Hypothenar Eminence
the medial region of the palm immediately proximal to the little finger.

Metacarpophalangeal Joints
Knuckles

Proximal Interphalangeal Joints
finger joint just distal to knuckles

Distal Interphalangeal Joints
most distal joint of the finger

Sciatic Nerve
Sciatic Nerve
Thick nerve that runs down the midline of the upper legs and buttocks

Femoral Triangle
Anterior region of proximal thigh where femoral artery, vein and nerve pass through.

Quadricps Muscles
Located on the Anterior thigh. Made up of: Vastus leteralis, Rectus Femoris, and Vastus medialis.

Medial Condyle of Femur and Tibia
protuberance on medial side of knee.

Lateral Condyle of Femur and Tibia
protuberance of lateral side of knee

Hamstring Muscles
muscles of Posterior side of the thigh.

Popliteal Fossa
Popliteal Fossa
The “pit” of the knee on the posterior side of the leg.

Popliteal Artery
Artery that can be palpated in the pit of the knee.

Tibial Tuberosity
Protuberance just inferior to the knee on the anterior side of the lower leg

Tibial Plateu
The smooth bony surface of either the lateral condyle or the medial condyle of the tibia that articulates with the corresponding condylar surface of the femur.

Calcaneal Tendon
“Achilles” Tendon. located on the distal lower leg on the posterior side.

Medial Malleoulus
protuberance on the medial side of the distal lower leg, just superior to the foot.

Posterior Tibial Artery
can be palpated on the posterior side of the medial malleolus.

Lateral Malleoulus
protuberance on the lateral side of the distal lower leg, just superior to the foot.

Great Saphenous Vein
Originates from where the dorsal vein of the first digit merges with the dorsal venous arch of the foot. After passing anterior to the medial malleolus, it runs up the medial side of the leg.

Lateral Longitudinal Arch
The “arch” of the foot on the lateral side.

Medial Longitudinal Arch
The “arch” of the foot on the medial side.

Metatarsophalangeal Joints
The most proximal joints of the toes.

Proximal Interphalangeal Joints
The middle joints of the toes.

Distal Interphalangeal Joints
The most distal joints of the toes.

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