Paris: Anatomy of a City Exam 1 review

Philippe Auguste
Created wall around Paris including the Louvre, Les Halles, paved roads, recorded documents, granted scholars diplomatic immunity, established Paris-Saint Denis axis bringing the church and the crown closer together

Rabelais
French Renaissance writer, physician, scholar; famous for Gargantua and Pantagruel, wrote stories in the vernacular (french) and they were satire against the church

Catherine de Medici
Queen of France when married to Henry II

Louis XIV (14th)
Lived in Versailles, French Revolution

Le Louvre
fortress created by Philippe Auguste

The Plague
killed thousands of people (Black Death by Horrox)

Charles IX
son of Catherine de Medici, St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (Massacre of St. Bartholomew by Nogueres)

St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre
Catholics assassinated Coligny after Henry de Navarre’s wedding (Massacre of St. Bartholomew by Nogueres)

Gargantua
fictional character, a giant, son is Pantagruel

Tympanum
semi-circle decorative wall surface, gothic architecture, seen in Notre Dame (Cathedrals Crusade by Dunlop)

Les Halles
huge market place created by Philippe Auguste, known as the “Belly of Paris”

Saint Denis
home of Basilica, inhabitants suffered during Hundred Years War

Suger
helped rebuild church of Saint-Denis with high ceilings and stained glass- represented proximity of churchgoers to God and his glory

Left bank (River Seine)
Universities, Latin Quartier, Eiffel Tower

Right Bank (River Seine)
Louvre, Jardin Tuileries

Gothic Architecture
seen in Notre Dame ex: flying buttresses, tympanum, ambulatory, rose window (Seven Ages of Paris; Cathedrals Crusade: the Rise of the Gothic Style in France by Dunlop)

Lutetia
called this by Julius Caesar, held Ile de la Cité, later renamed Paris

Humanism
focusing on rational explanations rather than relying on the divine or supernatural matters. Examples: using Persian culture as inspiration, emphasizing creativity, focusing on the Greek and Roman’s ways of thinking

Francois Villon
french poet, used vernacular and personal themes “Where are the snows of yesteryear?”

Notre Dame
envisioned by Maurice de Sully, cathedral built on Ile de la cité, example of french gothic architecture, flying buttresses (Cathedrals Crusade by Dunlop)

The Loire Valley
lots of castles lived in by royalty

Henry IV (4th, Henri de Navarre)
Edict of Nantes (granted Calvinist Protestants substantial rights to promote civil unity), St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, Pont Neuf, married Marguerite de Valois in attempt to end the War of Religions (SAP; The Birth of Modern Paris)

Hundred Years’ War
under Salic laws, males should not be allowed to inherit through women (their mothers)

Martin Luther
“The just shall live by faith alone…”, 95 theses, beliefs later become what is called Lutheran

Jean de Venette
documented what happened during the plague

Versailles
constructed by Louis le Vau, inhabited by Louis the XIV (14th), symbolizes absolute monarchy (The Court Society by Elias)

Lewis Mumford
believed in poly-nucleated social cities, described a city as a theater of social action (What Is A City by Mumford)

Federal Farm Board (Agriculture Marketing Act 1929) created in 1929, before the stock market crash on Black Tuesday, 1929, but its powers were later enlarged to meet the economic crisis farmers faced during the Great Depression. It was established by …

Causes of the Great Depression – Factories and farms produce more goods than people can buy. – Banks make loans that borrowers cannot pay back. – After the stock market crash, many businesses cannot find people who will invest in …

A 62-year-old client is admitted for hypertension, and serum electrolyte studies have yielded abnormal results. The scheduled workup includes a scan for an aldosteronoma. The nurse concludes that this scan is ordered to rule out disease of the: 1. Kidney …

a sense of tranquil meloncholy -With the outbreak of the plague (zenith in 1632), St. Sebastian become the patron saint of the plague -St. Irene is gently gently tending to him” alt=”Hendrik Ter Brugghen, “St. Sebastian tended by St. Irene,” …

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