Ch. 2 Nursing Education: Past, Present, and Future

Accreditation
A process by which an institution’s )e.g., school of nursing’s) programs, policies, and practices are reviewed by an external accrediting body to determine whether professional standards are being met

American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)
A professional organization in nursing that serves baccalaureate nursing and higher degree nursing education programs by influencing the quality of nursing education and practice through research, advocacy, efforts, policy making, development of quality educational standards and indicators, and faculty development

American Nurses Association (ANA)
A professional organization for nurses that develops various standards of nursing practice and promotes change through policy development

Apprenticeship model
A model or nursing education that was prevalent during the first half of the 20th century where student nurses learned nursing practice by providing service to hospitals

Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education
Affiliated with the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, this commission is an accrediting body for baccalaureate and higher degree nursing education programs

Curriculum
The overall structure of learning experiences within nursing education programs that reflects a school of nursing’s mission and philosophy, program outcomes, course of study, and program evaluation methods

Instruction
Teaching and learning strategies and experiences faculty and students engage in to achieve the elements of a curriculum

Mobility programs
Nursing programs that facilitate the seamless articulation or transition from one degree in nursing to another degree (e.g., LPN to RN, ASN to BSN, ASN to MSN, BSN to PhD). Also includes accelerated nursing programs in which individuals who have a bachelor’s degree in a field other than nursing can get their BSN in a short amount of time (usu. 12-18 mos).

National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission
Affiliated with the National League for Nursing, this commission is an accrediting body for all types of nursing education programs.

National League for Nursing Education (NLNE)
A professional organization in nursing that fostered excellence in nursing education by supporting nursing education research, engaging in policy making and advocacy efforts related to nursing education, and promoting faculty development. It was the precursor to the National League for Nursing.

Nightingale schools
Schools of nursing developed by Florence Nightingale that promoted student nurses learning the theory and practice of nursing outside of hospital control

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